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Project 3.3.4 Physical and Occupational Therapy Careers

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Umamah Z

on 15 April 2015

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Transcript of Project 3.3.4 Physical and Occupational Therapy Careers

Patient #2:
Name: Joanne Henry
Age: 65
Surgery: Double hip replacement surgery
Extra: Retired gym teacher. Physically active prior to surgery. Childcare provider for 3 young grandchildren.
Therapists Involved
Physical
Occupational
Goals and Special Needs
Goals:
Joanne would like to recover as quickly as possible and be able to take care of her three grandchildren again, as well as resume all daily activities normally.
Restore mobility in the hips

Therapy Plan
Sample Exercices
(in detail)
What
Should
You Expect?
Extreme pain and weakness after surgery and especially for the few 1-2 months.
Prolonged pain during and after physical therapy and during stretching exercises
Un-comfortableness throughout the whole therapy period due to pain, emotional state

Project 3.3.4: Therapy
By: Umamah Zaki

Physical Therapist
Occupational Therapist
Month 1
Education:
Study of human growth and development with specific emphasis on the social, emotional and physiological effects of illness and injury
Undergraduate Portion of Combined B.S./M.S. Program
In addition to the Core Curriculum requirements, Occupational Therapy majors must complete prescreening coursework, 44 units in occupational therapy course, 24–25 units in other required courses, and 27 units in clinical and fieldwork courses at the undergraduate level. A total of 36 units in occupational therapy courses and approved electives are required at the graduate level. Courses applicable toward the major may not be taken under the Pass/Fail grading option.
Courses such as:
Anatomy and Physiology
Biostatistics
Advanced Theory and Philosophy of Occupation


Education
Main Duties
Instruct you how to safely perform activities of daily living, such as bathing, dressing, toileting, and bed mobility
Learn to use long-handled devices for activities of daily living (sock aid, reacher, leg lifter)
Customized treatment programs aimed at improving abilities to carry out the activities of daily living
Comprehensive evaluation of home and job environments and recommendations on necessary adaptation
Assessments and treatment for performance skills
Recommendations and training in the use of adaptive equipment
Guidance to family members and caregivers

Salary/ Job Outlook
Median annual wages of occupational therapists were $75,400 in 2012 (most recent data available). The lowest 10 percent earned less than $50,500, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $107,070. Median annual wages in the industries employing the largest numbers of occupational therapists in 2012 were:
Nursing and personal care facilities: $83,430
Hospitals: $75,140
Offices of other health practitioners: $77,430
Elementary and secondary schools: $66,610
Texas: $89,690
Employment of occupational therapists is projected to grow 29 percent from 2012 to 2022, much faster than the average for all occupations. Occupational therapy will continue to be an important part of treatment for people with various illnesses and disabilities, such as Alzheimer’s disease, cerebral palsy, autism, or the loss of a limb.
Education
The minimum requirement for application to apply to a physical therapy program is completion of a baccalaureate degree from a regionally accredited college. Because of the strong emphasis on science courses, which typically includes one year of chemistry, one year of physics, statistics and other mathematics courses, and at least four courses in biology, many students choose Exercise Science, Athletic Training or Biology as their major. However, any major is acceptable, as long as specific undergraduate prerequisites for individual schools are completed.
Main Duties
Diagnose and manage movement dysfunction
Enhance physical and functional abilities
Restore, maintain, and promote physical function, wellness and fitness, and quality of life
Prevent onset symptoms, impairment progression, functional limitations, etc.
Taking patient history
Perform tests and measures to identify problems

Salary/ Job Outlook
According to the American Physical Therapy Association 2010 Median Income of Physical Therapists Summary Report, median annual earnings of physical therapists were $80,000 (most recent data available).
Median earnings ranged from $61,000 for physical therapists with zero to three years of experience to $90,000 for physical therapists with more than 15 years of experience.
Texas: $126,410

Bureau of Labor Statistics. Employment of physical therapists is predicted to grow 36% between 2012 and 2022,
Special Needs:
Will either need an attendant or multiple pieces of equipment in order to cater to their inability of bending down. A walker, handles installed around the house (especially the restroom), hand-held shower head, elongated sponge with a handle, etc…
Month 2
Month 3
Month 4
Months 5-6
Physical Therapy Exercise
Occupational Therapy Exercise
Bent Knee Lift
Lie with both knees bent
Turn on core muscles
Bring one knee up to 90 hip bend
Lower leg down, keeping pelvis still with your core muscles
Do not arch your back
Repeat 6-8 times, once a day on both sides.

Specific Muscle(s) Targeted:
Abdominal Muscles
Obliques
Side Abdominal Muscles
How to Use a Sock Aid:
Place the sock aid into your sock or stocking. Make sure the heel of your sock is at the back of the sock aid. For support hose, be sure to spread the hose over the sock aid evenly, without “bunching.”
Hold the sock aid by the straps with both hands. First, do the foot of the leg that was injured or had surgery. This is called the “affected” or “weaker” leg. While holding the straps, drop the sock aid to the floor in front of the foot on your weaker leg.
Slip your foot into the sock aid. Then pull on the straps to pull the sock aid onto your foot (see figure to right).
Pull until the sock is up your leg. Keep pulling until the sock aid comes out of your sock.
Follow the same steps to put a sock on the other foot.
Specific Muscles Targeted:
No specific muscles are required for this is meant to reduce too much strain (right after surgery)
Another Professional Involved
Another professional that may be involved is a
Radiologist
. This person will most likely schedule appointments twice a month to x-ray the hip to make sure it is healing properly
Prosthetic Arm Questions
a) What did you find challenging about controlling the movement of the prosthetic arm?
a. Unlike most prosthetic arms, this one wasn’t electrical. That made moving all the more harder for there was no button that would make it move itself, the students themselves were the puppet masters. This proved to be difficult for students had to be extremely carefully when pulling on the strings attached to the arm to make sure of a few things; 1) it didn’t break and 2) it wouldn’t knock the cup down
b) Suggest two ways quality of life might be improved as a result of physical and occupational therapy.
a. For those that have just gone through surgery, no matter which part of the body, they come out feeling weak and helpless due to their lack of ability to move. Physical therapists not only provide exercises to do, but give that patient hope for a full recovery. An occupational therapist is a major player when it comes to encouragement, for this therapist truly helps them feel once again as independent as they were prior to the surgery. The patient learns to be less reliant on people and regain confidence in themself through both of these therapists’ services.
c) Explain how physical therapists and occupational therapists differ.
a. Although the names of the respective therapists are self-explanatory there are a few major differences to keep in mind:
b. A physical therapist is purely movement and activity. For whichever part of the body that has gone through surgery, a physical therapist is there to create exercises for muscle movement.
c. An occupational therapist is a more of a life coach. They assist with activities as simple as helping put on sock, to learning how to walk around the house without using the assistance of a crutch.
d) Explain your interest level in pursuing a career either as a physical therapist or as an occupational therapist.
a. From a pursuing point of view, I believe I would be more interested in becoming an occupational therapist, for I know how important it is for someone to feel independent and less helpless. Having dealt with a family member who has forgone multiple surgeries I am more aware of the needs of a patient like that, and how an occupational therapist could help them.

References
The Bent-knee Curlup Is a Muscular Resistance Exercise That Primarily Works Which Muscle Group? | LIVESTRONG.COM. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.livestrong.com/article/470790-the-bent-knee-curlup-is-a-muscular-resistance-exercise-that-primarily-works-which-muscle-group/
Discharge equipment: Items you may need after hip replacement surgery. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.allinahealth.org/Health-Conditions-and-Treatments/Health-library/Patient-education/Total-Hip-Replacement/After-surgery/Discharge-equipment/
Exercise Guide for Hip Replacement Surgery. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://file:///C:/Users/umamah.zaki/Downloads/Patient-Exercise-Guide-Hip-Replacement-Surgery%20(2).pdf
Lower Body Dressing: Socks and Shoes. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.upmc.com/patients-visitors/education/rehab/Pages/lower-body-dressing-socks-and-shoes.aspx
Occupational Therapists : Occupational Outlook Handbook: : U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.bls.gov/ooh/healthcare/occupational-therapists.htm#tab-6
Occupational Therapy - Mayo School of Health Sciences - Mayo Clinic. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.mayo.edu/mshs/careers/occupational-therapy
Physical Therapy - Mayo School of Health Sciences - Mayo Clinic. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.mayo.edu/mshs/careers/physical-therapy
Physical Therapy Advising - College of Health Professions - Towson University. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.towson.edu/chp/undergraduate/pt.asp
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