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The World Is Flat
Transcript of The World Is Flat
Friedman's perspective on Globalization
Characteristics have changed over time
The characteristics that have changed over time due to globalization in international trade, globalization of production, communications, and transportations. These changes have affected space-time compression, and the culture, economy, politics, and environment in a country.
Videos on Globalization
Local evidence of globalization
Globalization of the local as defined by Friedman is the local which goes global. It describes the phenomenon that allows the spreading out of people in communities around the world to use today;s global media networks to cling to their local mores, news, traditions, and friends no matter where they are living. For example, instead of global media enveloping Asia, the region’s ‘local’ media are going global. This phenomenon of the globalization of the local is being driven by the demand for local news and information from Asia’s communities, notably the millions of Chinese and Indian emigrants now living in all parts of the world.
Globalization happening at a local scale is teenagers wearing yoga pants and leggings for fashion reasons, athletic wear, or comfort. Yoga pants originated in Canada at a company called Lululemon started selling black yoga pants and simple white t shirts that were infused with seawood. The yoga pants became very popular when girls started wearing them and buying them in smaller and tighter sizes intended for the pants. Global companies such as Wal-Mart and Victoria’s Secret started selling yoga pants and it the fashion trend is now in Columbia, South Carolina. Last year at Spring Valley the administration changed the dress code because the yoga pants and leggings were so popular that students were wearing them regardless of the dress code violation.
An example of globalization of the local is spanish lessons being taught in elementary schools because of immigration in America.
National evidence of globalization
Fast- food chains such as McDonald's is an example of globalization on a national level. McDonald’s has been selected by the National Minority Franchise Initiative as one of the 50 top Franchises for minorities. In 2012, McDonald's Corporation had annual revenues of $27.5 billion, and profits of $5.5 billion. McDonalds serves millions of people everyday in the USA. McDonald’s began as one restaurant in California but because of globalization is now located around the world.
Wal-Mart is another example of globalization on a national level. Wal-Mart is the world’s biggest retailer. Thomas Friedman says if Walmart were an individual economy, it would rank as China’s eighth- biggest trading partner. Walmart has over 3800 stores in the United States. Wal-Mart has also become the national commons. Every seven days more than one hundred million Americans shop at Wal-Mart (that's one third of the country). Each year, ninety-three percent of American households shop at least once at Wal-Mart.
Wal-Mart's sales in the United States are a bit more than $2000 per household. And Wal-Mart's profit on that amount was just $75.00.
Global evidence of globalization
Research Based- Argument
Friedman classifies globalization in three eras.Globalization 1.0, 2.0 and 3.0. Globalization 1.0 lasted from 1492 until the early 1800s and was characterized by countries globalizing. Globalization 2.0 lasted from the early 1820s until 2000 and was led by companies.Globalization 3.0 is from the year 2000 to the present. This era is characterized as being built around individuals. Globalization as described by Friedman is a phenomenon that affects everything from individual empowerment to culture to how hierarchical institutions operate. Therefore , the key features of globalization are political economical, and cultural.
Introduction into Globalization
Thomas Friedman's iron rule of the flat world is that "whatever can be done will be done" because of the prevalence of communication in the world and distributed tools of innovation.For example, social media networks such as facebook and instagram will be invented because they can. In The World is Flat he argues that by giving so many people the tools and ability to connect, compete and collaborate is flattening the playing field and this occurrence is the most important thing happening in the world today. Thomas Friedman credits the flattening of the world to the triple convergence. Around the year 2000, three things converged. The first thing that converged was all 10 flatteners, the complementary of all these flatteners began to work together. This flattened the world because the product of that first convergence was a web enabled global platform for multiple forms of sharing of work and knowledge without regard of distance, time, geography, and language. This platform enables groups, companies, and universities anywhere in the world to collaborate for the purposes of innovation, production, education, research, entertainment, and war-making. This platform will be at the center of everything in the future. Wealth and power will increase to those countries, companies, individuals, universities, and groups who get three things right. These being the infrastructure to connect with this flat-world platform, the education to get more of their people innovatinf on, working off of, and tapping into this platform, and lastly the governance to get the best out of this platform. Though not everyone has access to this platform, more people in more places now have the the power to access the flat-world platform. The second convergence is that we are now learning to "horizontal" ourselves or interact with this new platform horizontally rather than vertically meaning removing from a world where value is created in vertical storehouse of command and control to a world where value is increasingly created in horizontal collaborations of connect and collaborate. The third convergence is that this flattening coincides when 3 billion people from China, India, and Russia arrive on the play field just when its been flattened.
Globalization and the Wal-Mart Effect-Probe Ministries. (n.d.). Probe Ministries - A Christian Worldview and Apologetics Ministry-Probe Ministries. Retrieved October 2, 2013, from http://www.probe.org/site/c.fdKEIMNsEoG
The internet has enabled the world to communicate on a global scale. The internet is available in the use of laptops, cell phones, ipads, tablets, and other technological innovations. These innovations are used all around the world and the internet connects people through the news, social networking sites such as facebook, twitter, and instagram. Podcasts and video sites such as youtube and vine.
For example, Syria could be bombed and the United States would know about it immediately because of the internet and news sources. More than likely people would take videos and post them as well as use their cellphones to communicate on a global scale.
Between 2000 and 2004, total global Internet usage grew 125 percent, including 186 percent in Africa, 209 percent in Latin America, 124 percent in Europe, and 105 percent in North America, according to Nielsen/NetRatings. Thanks to the triple convergence, this new flat-world platform, has blown down many of the walls that prevented collaboration with fiber-optic cable, the Internet, and workflow software. Individuals who never dreamt they could work together, and jobs no one ever dreamt could be shifted from country to country are suddenly on the move, now that many traditional high walls are gone. This same platform has also blown away our ceilings. Individuals who never dreamt they could upload their opinions on blogs, or upload a new political vision, or software suddenly found that they can have a global impact on the world as individuals. Thanks to the new industry called search, individuals can now drill down and search out facts, quotations, history, and the personal data of strangers as never before because of the internet.
The world is flattening and rising at the same time. And I think the evidence is overwhelmingly clear: If you look over history, every time we had more trade, more communications, we had a big upswing in economic activity and standard of living. Thanks to the 10 flatteners, more and more jobs will be broken apart, with the more sophisticated tasks in the developed world and the less sophisticated tasks in the developing world, where each has its comparative advantage.China’s and India’s entry into the global economy will benefit everyone in the end because by upgrading your skills, and by adopting the practices, rules, policies, and educational institutions of the economy will enable you and your society to claim a “healthy slice of the bigger but more complex pie” .Positive economic change because of globalization is trade liberalization, deregulation, and expansion of the global market place. The increases in economic cross-border flows that have resulted in more “open” economies are a result,of World Trade Organization, International Monetary Fund and World Bank policies.
According to Friedman, the way you get big change is by getting the big players to do the right thing for the wrong reasons. That is, if you wait for everyone to do the right things for the right reasons, you can wait forever, This approach really supports another kind of social entrepreneurship being made possible by the flat world which is activists partnering with the world’s largest multinational corporations to get them to change their business practices, with far-reaching effects.
Globalization also includes positive change through the spread of ideas, information and perceptions which lead to cultural and social changes. The technological change of globalization is through telecommunications and transport links.
There is an iron law in American politics: the party that most quickly absorbs and adopts the latest technology dominates politics. Globalization has positively impacted politics through the redistribution of power from states to interstate bodies and the growth of global civil society.
The main positive impact that globalization has on the environment are that there is improvements in the use of resources and awareness and that due to globalization research is being conducted that creates greener technology. The desire of corporations to avoid being the target of global protests in a flat world has also made them much more open to working with social and environmental activists, who are collaborating with progressive companies in ways that can make the company more profitable and the flat world more liveable. For example, In 2002, McDonald’s and Conservation International forged a partnership to use the McDonald’s global supply chain to produce not only money but different values about the environment as well. Positive impacts of globalization are that it has assisted in improving the use of resources and saving the environment by promoting growth through development, improving education and incomes.
I agree with Friedman and support pro global policies for our economic, political, social, and environmental issues because as our world continues to flatten we have to change with it and pro global policies promote change.