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Copy of Formative Assessment

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Shirley Marlik

on 5 April 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Formative Assessment

Formative Assessment By: Alex
Kevin Questioning Validity &
Reliability Potential Threats
to Validity Potential Problems
with Reliability Bloom’s Taxonomy Purposes of Questioning Types of Questions Effective Questioning Definition of Formative Assessment Basics of Formative Assessment
Continued Basics of Formative Assessment Formative
Assessment Any activity designed to provide information which helps students and teachers make decisions about how to improve student learning. It takes place during the lesson, and is an important and necessary part of instruction.

It involves quick decisions.

Focus is on collecting information about student understanding of the lesson. Feedback is provided to students based on the information collected.

Not done by the teacher alone but by interaction with students.

It involves both formal and informal activities. Wait time

Multiple student involvement

Informal and formal feedback

Peer and self-assessment 1. Promote attention

2. Promote deeper processing

3. Promote learning from peers

4. Provide reinforcement

5. Provide pace and control

6. Provide diagnostic information Open-ended




Action Knowledge- remembering

Comprehension- understanding

Application- problem solving

Analysis- reasoning, breaking apart

Synthesis- constructing, integrating

Evaluation- judging Validity: Containing premises from which the conclusion may logically be derived; appropriateness.

Reliability: Yielding the same or compatible results in different clinical experiments or statistical trials; dependability. Lack of objectivity by teachers, especially when judging their own work.

Over reliance on objectives and assessments that focus on lower level skills at the expense of higher level ones.

Focus on instructional process indicators without consideration of instructional outcome. Inadequate collection of data.

Focusing on a limited number of students.

Potential biases. Sequence



Generalization Questioning Strategies 1. Ask questions that are related to the objectives of instruction

2. Avoid global, overly general questions

3. Involve the entire class in the questioning process

4. Allow sufficient “wait time” after asking a question

5. State questions clearly and directly to avoid confusion Questioning Strategies (cont.) 1. Probe student responses with follow-up questions

2. Remember that instructional questioning is a social process

3. Recognize that good questioning also involves good listening and responding

4. Avoid questions that require a yes or no response

5. Avoid always asking students the same types of questions Formal Assessment Informal Assessment Examples of Formative
Assessment Differences between Formative
and Summative Assessment Formal assessment is based on preplanned activities.

Focused on learning objectives and activities. Informal is based on the actions and reactions of students.

Focus is on observations of student body language and activity.

Most of the information gathered during formal assessment is informal, and planned, formal activities can change based on this information. Formative assessment can include a vast number of different actions and activities. Some of these include:

Written work such as student notebooks, journals, or logs, individual whiteboards, quizzes, worksheets, or admit/exit slips.

Activities such as four corners and various other games, or kinesthetic assessment.

Discussions, group work, and observations. Formative Assessment is used to monitor student learning and is usually low stakes.

Summative is used to evaluate student learning and is usually high stakes. Accommodations
During Instruction Differentiated instruction Why is it important to Formative Assessment? Learning Styles



Common Behavior Problems Accommodating Learning Styles Auditory


Can relate to learning styles

Without Bias Accommodating Culture Accommodating Disabilities Hearing Impaired Student

Vision Impaired Student

Learning Impaired Student Accommodating Common
Behavior Problems Student with lack of Attention

Student who lacks Respect Proper Interventions Listening


Attention Span

Short-term Memory
Task Completion


Inattention to Detail

Test Taking Two Tasks Simultaneously

Formal Assessment Conclusion Is the homework assigned to Harry Potter by professor Mcgonagall in chapter 9 of Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban a valid and reliable formative assessment of the lesson described in the previous chapter? Is this question valid and/or reliable A 10th grade history class learning
about the age of revolutions. a. An activity where students are split into 4 groups and assigned a revolution to discuss on how the American, French, Industrial, or Russian revolutions help to define world history from 1750 to 1917 as an age of revolutions. They will then explain their reasoning to the class.

b. Which revolution is the musical Les Miserables supposed to take place during?
A 9th grade history class learning about
Newton’s Three Laws of Motion. a. A game of Jeopardy on the three laws of motion is played in class where students are to raise their hands if they know the answer. The student with the highest score wins 5 points of extra credit on the next test.

b. The 2nd law of motion can be stated as the equation Fnet = m * a. If Fnet = 250 N and a = 15 m/s/s, what would m equal?
An 11th grade social studies class
learning about the U.S. Constitution. a.Students are put into 10 groups of 2-3 people and assigned 1 amendment from the Bill of Rights. They are to each discuss and eventually explain to the class what each amendment does and why they think the founding fathers found it important to include. Afterwards a class discussion will be held on what the overall importance of the Bill of Rights is to ensuring democratic ideals.

b.What were the major effects of the Industrial Revolution?
A 10th grade English class in which
students are reading Of Mice and Men. a. A class discussion is held to on the deeper meaning of the bunny rabbits. Students are free to speak if they have an opinion.

b. Students are asked to read one chapter of Of Mice and Men a night and then write a paragraph summary of the chapter and a paragraph on what they think would be going through George’s mind at that point in the book.
An 8th grade health class
learning about good nutrition. a.It is the last class of the day. Students are put into groups and assigned a fast food restaurant. They are to create a list of the pros and cons of eating at each place. At the end of class, the teacher will collect them and figure out what they are eating for dinner.

b.In the 5th episode of the 24 season of The Simpsons Lisa faints because she is missing what nutrient from a balanced diet? What foods could she choose to eat to gain this nutrient?
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