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Malcolm Petyt 1985 Bradford Study

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Lizzie Driver-Gomm

on 11 March 2013

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Transcript of Malcolm Petyt 1985 Bradford Study

by Lizzie Driver-Gomm Malcolm Petyt's 1985 Bradford study - Petyt measured the frequency of the use of H-dropping by people from a variation of social classes.
- His chosen social classes were the upper-middle class (UMC), the lower-middle class (LMC), the upper-working class (UWC), the middle-working class (MWC) and the lower-working class (LWC).
- He did not include people from the upper class in this experiment. Petyt's study Social Class His Findings Here is a copy of a graph displaying Petyt's results. As you can see, the frequency of the use of H-dropping increases dramatically as the social class decreases. His Findings (cont.) Malcolm Petyt 1985 Bradford study - Yorkshire is located in the North of England, and is the largest county in the United Kingdom. Bradford, Yorkshire - The study was conducted in Bradford, Yorkshire.
- Study on the omission of the phonological variable /h/ (known as 'H-dropping').
- Petyt investigated the relationship between h dropping and social class. The Study - Tyke & Broad Yorkshire are the names used to refer to Yorkshire Dialect.
- A common and distinctive feature of the
Yorkshire accent is the use of the short /a/ in words such as 'grass', 'chance' and 'bath', whereas people with the southern English
accent tend to prefer the long /a/ sound for these words. H-Dropping - H-dropping is another common feature of the Yorkshire accent.
- H-dropping is the omission of the /h/ sound in the word initial position, for example, 'hat' becomes 'at'.
- The following video clip features the comedian Michael Mcintyre attempting to imitate the typical Yorkshire accent. Listen closely to the way that he pronounces 'homework'. H-dropping UMC

LMC

UWC

MWC

LWC 12%

28%

67%

89%

93% - It was found that people belonging to the lower-working class used H-dropping at almost every chance, whereas the people belonging to the upper-middle class would only use H-dropping around 1 in 10 opportunities.
-The results illustrate the divide between the middle and working class, as the largest gap in the results is between the lower-middle class at 28%, and the upper-working class at 67%. Analysis of the results Further Conclusions - Petyt concluded that as individuals had moved up social class (social mobility), they modified their speech to be more leaned towards RP English in order to fit in.
- They did this by using H-dropping less, as well as the use of the /uh/ sound in the word 'putt', and the use of the sound /u/ in 'put'. This is a typical feature of RP English, but not in Yorkshire. The Yorkshire accent usually features the use of /u/ in both words.
- This did lead to hypercorrection in some intsances where both /u/ and /uh/ were being used, as sometimes the /uh/ sound would be incorrectly used in the word 'cushion'. Thank you for listening!
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