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RAW 2014

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Andrew Murphy

on 21 June 2015

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Transcript of RAW 2014

AZA Fostering In-situ
Environmental Protectionism
Via the Home Aquarium Fish Trade

Barges
Acting as a regional hub for the fishery, barges would facilitate the inventory, traceability, and improved vitality of livestock, while providing payment and education for the fishers.
WAREHOUSE
BARGE
SUPPORT
BARGE
Trickle System
for Water Changes
Redesigned Bins
with Overflows
Rife River Pump
Head Tanks
Trickle Manifold
Alternating overflows keep water quality high and fish safe
Stackable bins provide easy storage at maximum efficiency
Water Flow
Draining out to river
Complete with data loggers, RFID chips, and GPS
Support Barge provides a space for living accommodations, lab and paper work, and an area to hold educational workshops for fishers and other stakeholders.
Placement of Barges
Sample Text
Three locations have been allocated for
placement of these barges, acting as a regional
hub for fishers and stakeholders. These locations, spread throughout the Rio Negro would cater to the


Locating the Barges

The number of barge units to be situated in each area and the choice of placement would correspond to the amount of fishing activity that takes place in that location. All barges would be situated on the main river channel to facilitate access to the river freight boat routes. Most likely, units would be moored on the west bank of the river, which receives the least storm energy. To have access to additional human resources and a degree of infrastructure, it would be best to be situated close to, but up stream from human settlements and the pollution they produce. Again, the mobile capacities of the barge units could be taken advantage of to experiment with different sites and make quick adjustments to changes in conditions.

Based on these criteria three possible locations have been suggested, each representing a unique locality
and biological diversity for harvest.
These locations allow for easy pickup
and transfers, expediting the transport of livestock, yet have minimal overlap in sourcing.

Santa Isabel do Rio Negro , receiving fish from more than 80 capture points scattered throughout the tributaries: Jurubaxi , Xeuni, Aiuanã , Darará , Atauí and the Rio Negro. This area has the potential for capture of over 20 million fish per year.
Jufaris River and the Rio Negro, near the mouth of the Rio Branco, receiving the fish coming from the river and its tributaries of the Jufaris; approximately 50 capture points throughout the tributaries: Quiuni , Aracá , Caurés , Itú , Arirarrá , Ereré and Padauiri. This area has the potential for capture of over 10 million ornamental fish per year.
Barcelos, receiving fish from more than 150 capture points scattered throughout the tributaries: Quiuni , Aracá , Caurés, Itu , Arirarrá , Ereré and Padauiri. This area has the potential to capture more than 30 million ornamental fish per year.
Animals arrive
from upriver where they are conditioned for export.
Looking Forward
Point of Capture to the End User:
Best Handling Practices
Collecting Cardinals
A fisher living in the village of Daracuau collects Cardinal Tetras from a verdant tributary of the Rio Acara, placing them in temporary containers until returning to the individual's home. The animals are placed in a pen(viverio) awaiting enough stock to make the journey to Barcelos, where a barge awaits the livestock. Before the journey the Fisher sorts and places the animals within the Piaba bins, which are allocated to each individual, keeping track of the Fisher's total capture along with the region his or her animals were caught.
Collection Site
Livestock
Cardinal Tetras
Receiving Cardinals
The piabero accompanies the fish down the river to closest transfer-station barge, where the collected animals will be inventoried and held until a ferry arrives to transport the livestock further downriver. After the animals are counted and bins scanned the Fisher will receive payment for the harvest.

On the barge, attendants access animal health, test water quality within the bins, and provide necessary care for the livestock. Once processed the bins are stacked and placed in main holding, where they will remain until transported to an exporter. During this period water quality will be continually monitored and also mainained through the barges trickle
system.
Bins are brought on board, the livestock are given a preliminary exam and the bins counted.
Bins are scanned, entering the cardinals into the inventory and tracking system.
While awaiting transport the bins are sorted and placed beneath the trickle life support system.
Arriving in Manaus
Preparing for Export
Arrival Scan
Exporters
Length of Journey
pH acclimation
Feeds
Preparing for Shipment
Bagging
Departure Scan
Export
Once a ferry arrives, the bins are scanned prior to departure, beginning their journey toward one of the various exporters located in Manaus.
Rio Negro Brazil
Case Study
Amazonas
Barcelos
Challenges that the Barcelos Ornamental Fishery Faces
Poor Handling
Practices
Vet Inspection
Requirements
Freight Costs and Connections
Seasonal Availability
Aquaculture
Likely Socioeconomic
& Environmental Impacts
if the Fishery Collapse
is Allowed to Occur
Mining
Urban Migration
Logging
Reasons to be
Encouraged
Strong Market Demand for Wild Amazonian Fish
Marketing Opportunities Exist that can Make Socioeconomically and Environmentally Beneficial Fish Most Desirable
Marketing Ornapesca Fishes with Traceability
Flooded Forest
Dry Season
Sustainability
A Basis of Sustainable Livelihoods and Driver of Poverty Alleviation
Outcomes of
the Fishery
Rio Negro
Pink River Dolphin
Inia geoffrensis
Borneo
Bornean Orangutan
Pongo pygmaeus
Bali
27 Million Animals
Captured per Year
In-Situ
Mariculture
Year of the Frog
FF-Tag Ornamental Fish Initiative
Creating
Protected
Areas
throughout
the
Tropics

Environmental
Protectionism by Resident Fishing Communities
Maintain Cultural
Traditions
Ornamental Fish Festival
Stress and Trauma Make Brazilian Fish
Less Marketable
Because of High Water and the Fish Spawning Season, Capture Cannot Happen for Several Months a Year
Brazilian Air Freight is Twice that of Asian Carriers
Poverty
Substance Abuse
Drug Traffic
Prostitution
Abrupt
Economic Collapse
Through
Best Handling Practices
Wild Caught Fish can be Most Suitable for Market Demands


" The fishing activity of ornamental fish in a well established area, protects the natural environment, since other subsistence activities generally require the cutting of the forest...The fishermen know that ornamental species maintaining the ecosystem are critical for fish continue to thrive, ensuring their livelihood. The massive scale of forest areas inundated in the Middle Rio Negro guarantee an almost inexhaustible supply of ornamental fish which, in turn, ensure the sustainability of this activity is extremely beneficial to the environment compared with alternatives."

Dr. Roberto E. Reis
Chair, Brazilian Asc. of Ichthyologists
IUCN Lead, South America FF
226 Viable Fish Species Across 21 Families
40 Million Fish Spread Across Over 200 Species Exported per Year
Providing 60% of the Revenue for the Region and Preserving 122,490 square-kilometers of
Rainforest

Integrating Best Handling
Practices and Facilitating
Education through Innovative Design
Full transcript