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Karl Marx inside Wuthering Heights
Transcript of Karl Marx inside Wuthering Heights
Socialism Class Struggle Capitalism Revolution About Marx
Karl Marx was born May 5, 1818 on Germany. He was a very professional philosopher, economist, politic, historian and a revolutionary communist during the 19th century. Marx applied his theory of history to the society and economy of his time in order to discover the ideals of capitalism In order to identify contradictions between the forces and the relations of production. Marx felt that capitalism through industrialization time obviously increased economy and the productive capacity of the world Marxism shows a theory based on labor, the economic determination of all social distribution, which caused the class struggle in history. The inevitable invasion of power through the revolution of the working class and the dictatorship of that working class which was the final establishment of a classless society. "It is not the consciousness of [people] that determines their existence, but their social existence that determines their consciousness." - Karl Marx Socialism is called the phase that will replace capitalism along with communist movements. It is said that socialism is best described as when the proletariat, meaning the low class will control the means of production. Economic activity would still be organized through the use of incentive systems and social classes would still exist, but in a small amount rather than under capitalism. Those who supported Marx said that his beliefs gave the working class hope of a better life. They had nothing to loose, so they fought and supported the revolutionary movements that according to Marx, the economic changes occurred through well organized revolutions. Marxism's point of view in Wuthering Heights: Heathcliff starts in the: poor class rises to high class, acting like a dictator lowers to lower class rises to middle class o Context: Heathcliff took control and made Hareton a servant. He started losing respect towards and treated him worse than he deserved. Joseph also contributed to Hareton’s deterioration because he didn’t raise him in a proper way.
o Quote: "appeared to have bent his malevolence on making him a brute: [Hareton] was never taught to read or write"
o Relation: Heathcliff switches of powers entirely, which is contrary to the Marxist’s views. o Context: After Mr.Earnshaw dies, Hindley starts mistreating Heathcliff and starts to treat him as a servant.
o Quote: "[Hindley] drove him from their company to the servants"
o Relation: When Mr. Earnshaw was alive, Heathcliff was treated as a middle class person, but after he died Heathcliff started to treat him as a servant, because he didn’t believe that an uneducated, poor man could rise to the middle class in such a short period of time. This contradicts Marx’s theory of classless society because of the immediate shift of class and type of treatment. o Context: Catherine talks to Nelly about her marriage with Edgar. She tells her that she will raise her social status by marring Edgar even though she doesn’t love him. Her true love is Heathcliff but Catherine says she can’t marry him because it would degrade her.
o Quote: "will be rich, and [she] shall like to be the greatest woman of the neighborhood"
o Relation: The relationship between social status and relationships is seen in Catherine. She marries the man with money and class, but she loves the man without class or money. It contributes to the theory of Karl Marx that people will do whatever it takes to rise their social position. o Context: As Catherine married Edgar for the money and social class, Heathcliff also married Isabella for her money. Heathcliff uses Isabella to gain power and not to love her.
o Quote: "I know he couldn't marry a Linton; and yet he'd be quite capable of marrying your fortune"
o Relation: The use of Isabella in order to gain social power follows the Marxist theory of laboring to gain power. Heathcliff does this because he doesn’t wants to be treated as a servant, but wants to be treated as a high class man. o Context: Heathcliff is trying to take all the lands but he suddenly stops when he realizes that he is defeated because he caused Hareton and Catherine to come closer together.
o Quote: "I get levers and mattocks to demolish the two houses, and train myself to be capable of working like Hercules, and when everything is ready, and in my power, I find the will to lift a slate off either roof has vanished."
o Relation: Heathcliff suddenly stops to try to rule everything when Cathy and Hareton ally. This is related to the working class, being Cathy and Hareton, revolting against him, Heathcliff.