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SOCIALIZATION AND PERSONALITY

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by

Femo Pagdanganan

on 12 January 2015

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Transcript of SOCIALIZATION AND PERSONALITY


Define socialization and personality operationally
Discussthe roles which heredity and environment play in personality development
Compare and contrast the theories of personality development
Cite the functions of socialization
Identify the agents of socialization
CHAPTER OBJECTIVES
INTRODUTION; NATURE AND DEFINITION OF SOCIALIZATION AND PERSONALITY
RELATIVE ROLES OF HEREDITY AND ENVIRONMENT IN PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT

Every person has a personality which is distinct and different from that of any other.
Personality is the organization of the biological, psychological,social,cultural and moral factors which underlie a person's behavior.
Personality refers to the sum total of all the physical or biological,psychological or mental,social or cultural,emotional, and spiritual traits of a person which underlie his behavior and which makes him distinct,unique,or different from all the others.

PERSONALITY
SOCIALIZATION AND PERSONALITY
BY; Feliz Pagdanganan Almond Ente CM Alariao Kyle Francisco Dwight Ferrer
FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT
ENVIRONMENT
Environment refers to the physical surroundings both natural and artificial which affect the growth development and existence of living things. It refers to the geographic cultural and social environment.


Socialization makes it possible for a society to perpetuate itself from one generation to another. A child is socialized in the ways of his particular society.
Socialization is the process whereby the cultural heritage is socially transmitted from one generation to another
Socialization is the learning process where the individual acquires a status,plays a corresponding role and emerges with personality.
1.
BIOLOGICAL INHERITANCE OR HEREDITY
Heredity refers to the physical and mental traits transmitted by the parents to their offspring through the germ plasma. The child inherits the biological or physical structures and mental capacity of his parents. All these affect socialization and personality development because they set the limit on physical and mental development.
a. Geographic Environment
Refers to the nature and all natural resources which affect personality formation. The kind of geographic environment where a child lives can greatly affect the kind of personality he or she will develop.

b. Cultural Environment
Refers to the artificial or man made environment like building, schools, etc., it also includes the learned ways of living norms, values, patterns of behavior which are transmitted to the child through social groups. Therefore, personality is shaped and molded by one's culture and sub culture. Personality is socially and culturally conditioned.

c. Social Environment
Refers to the different social groups and the social interactions that take place in the groups of which a person is a participating member. The members of different groups exert a strong influence on an individual's personality formation.
Heredity provides the raw material or the potentialities for growth and personality formation.


Environment on the other hand, provides the opportunities, nurturance and stimulation that would determine determine whether the inherited biological makeup would be developed or stunted

THEORIES OF PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT

1. FREUD'S THEORY OF SOCIALIZATION
Sigmund Freud, a Vienesse psychologit, holds that personality consists of 3 major system; ID, EGO AND SUPEREGO
The
"ID"
is the reservoir of sexual and aggressive urges. It is centered on the satisfaction of the basic needs like food dominated by the pleasure principles.

The
"EGO"
is the rational part of the self that interprets information obtained through the senses and that finds ways of satisfying biological needs.

The
"SUPEREGO"
or conscience stands for the internalized ideas of right and wrong, the traditional values and morals of the society.
2. CULTURAL DETERMINISM THEORY
Held by anthropologists views culture and cultural environment as the main factor that determines human behavior. Franz Boas' view is that personality development is a result of learned ways of the group.

3. SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONIS THEORY
The basic idea in this theory is that personality is the result of the interaction between individuals mediated by symbols or language.

4. BIOLOGICAL DETERMINISM THEORY
This theory views the inherited biological structures as the main factor that determines human behavior. The genetic endowments provide the foundations that determine the type and quality of personality that will be formed through social interaction.

5. LABELING THEORY
Personality is viewed as the result of society's labeling on human behavior as either good or bad.
Agents of Socialization

1. The Family-

it is from the parents and family that children first learn values and behaviors. The family reflects the attitudes, values and customs of the social class, religion, ethnic group and region of which it is a part.

2. Peer Groups-
it is a group whose members are more or less of the same age, sex and rank. Peers share information about such matters as sex and ways to evade and manipulate parents, teachers and persons in authority.

3. The Media-
television has become a major agent of socialization. it has been observed that children spend more time watching television than they do in school or in direct communication with their parents.

4. The School
- to teach young people the technical and intellectual skills through the curriculum to prepare them for positions in the workplace.
5. The Workplace-
This involves the process of desocialization-training programs designed to strip away the self-images and perspectives that are the results of previous socialization.
Socialization- For sex roles

Sex-
general classification of human beings as males and females based on the differences of sex organs and anatomical characteristics.

Gender-
connotes the physical, social and cultural differences between males and females.

Gender Identity-
the conception that we have of ourselves as men or women. it constitutes our inner experience or sense of ourselves as being males or females as a result of socialization.

Gender Training-
Sex roles begins at birth. starts in the family and reinforced by the schools, media and other social settings.
END
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