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CAUSE Resiliency (West Coast) Experiment

Integrating and exploring new production-ready technologies to improve the safety and preparedness of Canadian and US communities.

Paul Childs

on 7 September 2011

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Transcript of CAUSE Resiliency (West Coast) Experiment

Background This project is part of a (proposed) annual series of experiments sponsored by:
Command, Control and Interoperability (CCI) Division of the Deparment of Homeland Security in the US and
the Centre of Security Sciences (CSS) of Defence Research and Development Canada.

These projects are intended to expose/demonstrate newly operational/emerging technologies and guide future research and development activities to improve interoperability involving :
• Planning, integration, experiment, after‐action analysis, and outreach activities.
• Include cross-border info sharing across U.S. States and Canadian Provinces
• Involve collaboration with US and Canadian first responders and emergency managers
• Demonstrate multi‐jurisdictional and cross‐border collaboration in response to a natural disasters as well as all other hazards.
• Will demonstrate cross border systems-integration.

Many "leave behind benefits" - advance on the "Interoperability Continuum" The Event Objectives The project envisioned for the CAUSE Resiliency (West Coast) experiment is designed to engage the operational emergency management communities in British Columbia and bordering states, with the experimental use and integration of some emerging technologies that have recently been developed or are near operational readiness - around the context of a large scale off-shore earthquake.

The overall goals are to:
encorage adoption and active use of those technolgies
demonstrate and measure enhanced resiliency through technology integration
demonstrate/enhance multi‐jurisdictional and cross‐border collaboration
to guide future research and development activities
further the interoperability of existing tools The experiment itself will involve a series of vignettes that, in turn, are based on a master scenario that is to be developed around a large Cascadian subduction-zone earthquake of Magnitude 9.0. Earthquake characteristics Series of shocks before and after the major destructive earthquake CAUSE Resiliency (West Coast) Experiment - June 2011 Cascadian Subduction Zone The yellow and red explosion symbols indicate epicentres of historical earthquakes. Experiment Vignettes Planning
The Event
Recovery Canadian Technologies BCeMap - British Columbia's emergency event and situational awareness map
Multi-Agency Situational Awareness (MASAS) National Hub - and link to US CAP-based systems...
MASAS Scenario Generator
ETeam - Provincial Incident Management System
Hazus-MH (earthquake/flood damage prediction)
SFU AMECom - Advanced Mobile Emergency Communications Vehicle
Ushahidi - interface to EM situational awareness? Earthquakes from 16th Dec to 16th Dec 2010 – Mostly around the Magnitude 0.9 > 3.0 BCeMap MASAS - Multi-Agency Situational Aawareness Systems ETeam Emergeo US Technologies MyStateUSA / IPAWS - cross-border linked through MASAS
RtePM - Evacuation planning tool
CIIMS - Critical Infrastructure Inspection Management System
Situational Awareness Mapper
SRS - Scalable Reasoning System
Mobile Epiphany
Live Wall
Mobil Alerting Evacuation clearance time calculator - calculates clearance time for any area drawn on a map RtePM -Real Time Evacuation Planning Model Hazus-MH AMECom Ushahidi CIIMS - Critical Infrastructure Inspection Management System Summary Situational Awareness Mapper SRS - Scalable Reasoning System Mobile Epiphany Live Wall Planning The Event Recovery 0-2 hrs Visual / data analytics of social media sites for emergency and incident messages MyStateUSA / MASAS MASAS Scenario Generator Contacts: Paul Childs (PM Consultant) Steve Stein
pchilds@planetworks.ca Pacific NW National Lab

Jack Pagotto (Federal) Joe Kielman
Centre for Security Science DHS S&T

Mike Webb (Provincial Sponsor)
EMBC --> ecomm911
Mike.Webb@gov.bc.ca Goal: Output useful
Planning Information to
Audience: Work with IPREM debris management project to use output
Steps: TBA

Other objectives
Explore outputs such as
demographics by block and tract Source:
http://earthquakescanada.nrcan.gc.ca/histor/15-19th-eme/1700/1700-eng.php Source: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/shakemap/global/shake/Casc9.0_se/ Objectives:
Demonstrate utility of integrated alerting tools in immediate response & further identify candidate integrations, explore use of polygons for alerting

Players and roles:
ECC (Tsunami alert translation)
City EOC
Tofino ??

Sequence of Events:
April / May Freshette season, high tide, Cascadian Subduction Earthquake with Local aftershocks
Pager event and Tsunami warning issued by NOAA
PEP/Hydro-meterologoical service determine Canadian impacts > issue PENS and CAP-CP alerts (for areas on BC Coastline)
Users determine ground shake map ??
Various EOCs/ and ECC activated
Other immediate effects:
Tofino - Tsunami hits - power outages, road closure, communications outage
Esquimalt: Tsunami 20-30 minute warning - float planes take off, population head for high ground,
Richmond: bridges affected, dyke breach, road closures, flooding, power outrages, ongoing tsunami effects
Evacuation orders for Tofino
Evacuation Order for Richmond Immediate aftermath
Vignette Planning Vignette Initial Damage
Assessment Vignett Response Objective:
Demonstrate utility of integrated awareness tools and damage assessment tools to illustrate ability to initiate appropriate respinse
Demonstrate effectiveness of existing and proposed information capture mechanisms
Demonstrate effectiveness of wider dissemination.

Players and Roles:
SWPREOC (??)) ETeam users ?
City ov Vancouver EOC
311 team at CoV / CoV EOC

Sequence of Events:
Information gathered on Bridge closures, road closures, power outages, buildings collapsed, debris, flooded areas death/injury/displacement reports
Communications lost with Tofino EOC
Evacuation order for Tofino/Richmond
Possible international resource request to assist with evacuation of Richmond
Possible international resource request to assist with injured population and hospital overflows (use of Livewall in that dialogue) Recovery Planning Vignette Objective:
Demonstrate use of tactical communications vehicle to facilitate recovery process
Demonstrate and explore decision making process for positioning of truck

SFU team

Sequence of Events:
Determine extent of communications failure
Determine critical communications facility that needs to be functional to coordinate recovery operations
Determine location of AMECom vehicle
Plan route of truck to affected location
Truck rolls
Communications established
Provide access to EM systems through truck deployment 6-12 hrs 3-6 days Tool for generating volume messages
and simulating inject messages from
other systems The BC provincial situational awareness mapping system The national Multi-Agency Situational Awareness Systems (MASAS) initiative has established an innovative approach and technical solution for sharing authoritative location-based situational awareness information, in near real time, within Canada’s emergency management community, and across the border with our American colleagues. EmerGeo FusionPoint is a simple web-based Crisis Information Management System (CIMS). It combines simple logging and reporting, real-time data fusion, OpenGIS and ESRI mapping and web portal technology to bring together data and process from multiple emergency and non-emergency applications. Authorized users can drag-and-drop windows (portlets) in their web dashboard to display the appropriate level of information and the get to the right tools to do their job. EmerGeo Fusionpoint delivers a single unified view, or Common Operating Picture (COP), of critical data to those who need it – regardless of what information systems they have invested in. Helping responders protect people, property and the environment is the goal. http://www.health.gov.bc.ca/emergency/projects/eteam.html

http://www.nc4.us/eteam.php Hazus software is a powerful risk assessment methodology for analyzing potential losses from floods, hurricane, and earthquakes. In Hazus, current scientific and engineering knowledge is coupled with the latest geographic information systems (GIS) technology to produce estimates of hazard-related damage before, or after, a disaster occurs.

Potential loss estimates analyzed in Hazus include:
Physical damage to residential and commercial buildings, schools, critical facilities, and infrastructure;
Economic loss, including lost jobs, business interruptions, repair and reconstruction costs; and
Social impacts, including estimates of shelter requirements, displaced households, and population exposed to scenario floods, earthquakes, and hurricanes. The SFU Advanced Mobile Emergency Communications (AMECom) truck is a prototype next-generation mobile
communications system that can be used to bridge gaps in infrastructure caused by incidents, disasters and other systems failures and as a development test-bed helps organizations make choices about technologies and learn about associated usage support requirements. Ushahidi is a non-profit technical company that develops free and open source software for information collection, visualization and interactive mapping. ECC SW PREOCC Richmond
EOC Simulated presence (physically at SW PREOC) BCeMap

ETeam Emergeo


MASAS Tools Scenario
Generator Simulating a NAAD/MASAS UI NOAA Eq and Tsunami Alert EMBC Interpretation - Activate ECC
- Receive notification
- Work with Hydro-meterological Service to determine alert that is needed for BC Coastlines
- Issue PENS notification
- Issue MASAS Alert
- Other actions? Groundshake module? - PREOCC Activiated
- Tsunami Alerts Received
- View Shakecast - overlay on BCeMap ??
- Start receiving activation calls?
- Establish communications with each EOC?
- Receive declarations of emergency ?? (Tofino / Richmond?)
- Receive evacuation orders

Start capturing Incident reepoorts? - Activate EOC
- View Emergeo Groundshake map ??
- Major flood reports received
- Declaration of Emergency
- Evacuation order issued
- Damage reports received by phone / radio?? Scenario
Generator Simulating general inputs City EOC Hazus-MH EMBC - Catastrophic planning group BCeMap Tues 21st June
9.30 - 10.30 Tues 21st June
10.30 - 12.00 Hazus-MH Wed 22nd June
9.30 - 10.30 Wed 22st June
9.30 - 10.30 NRCan Coastal EOC Camera 1 Camera 2 Camera 1 Camera 2 Simulated at SW PREOCC using carpark and briefing room Locations, Crews, Tools, Actors The Technologies and Vignettes Camera 2
(Relocated) CoV
EOC SFU Students SW PREOCC? Alert Feed (TBA?) Live Wall Feed
Content TBA Camera 1 Key features:
- Can generate a time sequence of messages
- Can simulate multiple sources
- Can support testing and exercises
- Can generate point, line, polygon,circle
- Can generate Atom Only and CAP-CP
- Will be open source

Objectives in Experiment:
- Trial the tool
- Simulate supporting, background activity for vignettes Summary: The Real Time Evacuation Planning Model (RtePM) is an evacuation clearance time calculator under development by the Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division of DHS S&T. The capability it provides was requested by the emergency management agencies of the Gulf States, and its initial focus has been on hurricane evacuations. A focus group was formed to guide the project and a larger stakeholder group provides additional end-user validation.

Early in the research and development of RtePM, the need for such a tool to support evacuations of all kinds, not just hurricanes was identified. The simple concept that defined the project was the capability to “draw a polygon on map” and determine how long it would take to evacuate the region using personal vehicles. This concept addresses evacuations necessitated by any type of incident, such as from wildfires, the leading cause for evacuations in this country. Evacuation plans are also required by regulation for facilities including nuclear power plants, chemical stockpile programs, and dams. If we drill into any of the 18 sectors of critical infrastructure, we quickly identify incidents that might require evacuations. This tool can support the planning and operational needs of all these evacuation scenarios.

RtePM uses NAVTEQ highway network data and census data to enable the user to work through an evacuation scenario, setting parameters to model specific conditions and expected responses. After the software has simulated the traffic flow and calculated clearance times, an animated graphical depiction can be displayed on RtePM’s ESRI-based map or on any other form of GIS display the user desires, such as Google Earth. Project plans are to extend RtePM to retrieve live highway network data (dynamic data), preferably in the form of vehicle counts, and re-calculate the evacuation times as conditions change during execution of the evacuation. Objective: Determine how useful it would be in evacuating downtown Seattle due to a hazardous gas emission caused by a derailed train car. Aerial technology that will enable flight crews to efficiently manage inspections of important structures such as bridges, dams large industrial complexes Summary: The U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has partnered with the Maryland State Police (MSP) to develop a new aerial technology that will enable MSP flight crews to efficiently manage inspections of important structures, such as dams, bridges, and large industrial complexes. These inspections require extensive coordination with intelligence and information management systems. The new technology, known as the Critical Infrastructure Inspection Management System (CIIMS), will make it easier for MSP flight crews to exchange information about infrastructure sites with their partners on the ground. With end-user guidance and collaboration, CIIMS has evolved into a tool that supports the provision of resources as well as the documentation of flight operations.
CIIMS consists of both ground-based and air-based components. After a period of testing and further development, the system will be used by the MSP to assign, monitor, and document inspections as crews conduct reconnaissance patrols. Objective: Demonstrate that it has added value for windshield assessments as well as more detailed infrastructure assessments as a hand held device to replace pen and paper. Purpose: Creating shared operational awareness across distributed teams, especially those composed of members with different roles and responsibilities, requires dissemination of clear and concise information and resulting decisions.

Objective: We hope to demonstrate SRS’s added value in sorting through Twitter feeds. SRS will bin the Twitter feeds based on content and hopefully help the user to drill down to important messages quickly without having to read them all. Summary: Portable system for urban emergency response that includes a mobile workflow application plus database and command center interface. Tool provides a platform for automatically processing building data from original 2D CAD files into 3D graph representations. The result is a demonstration of visualization of the interior spaces of 22 academic buildings at UNC Charlotte on a mobile platform. Purpose: To provide building information relevant to evacuation and emergency response.

Objective: To demonstrate it as a tool that can be used by field personnel to get building information on a hand held device. Summary: The purpose of the tool is to collect geotagged photos, with metadata, and display them on a map. It consists of 3 components: a mobile phone application (Android), a web service that receives photos after they have been taken and tagged, and a website where analysts can view the mapped data. The mobile phone application allows a user to take a photo, have it automatically tagged with the current lat/long position, and then enter additional metadata about the given photo (for example, a custom note or selection of how the photo can be categorized). Then, the photo and its related metadata is sent to a web service and stored in a central repository. That data can immediately be viewed on a website by a centrally located analyst or other data consumer. Purpose: Simple tool to take photos in the field, add metadata, and post to a database and map that can be viewed by others.
Objective: To demonstrate it as a tool that can be used by field personnel performing dashboard surveys or damage assessments to upload photos and metadata back to a central location. Current processes that we are aware of utilize laptops or pen and paper forms Summary: Custom workflow application supporting mobile enmergency applications. Ceate a workflow or business process (no programming required). Changes made are updated on all devices. Purpose: Hand held tool that can perform just about any operation that is needed associated with field data collection and reporting.

Objective: To demonstrate it as a tool that can be used by field personnel performing dashboard surveys or damage assessments to upload photos and metadata back to a central location. Current processes that we are aware of utilize laptops or pen and paper forms. Mobile Alerting Purpose: Used for collaboration between physically distant people without costly setup time. Just plug it in and turn it on, and it will connect itself. It is a platform of tools that can each be used independently, capable of meeting a variety of needs in a variety of situations.
Objective: To demonstrate it as a tool that can be used for communication as an alternative to video conference and conference calls IPAWS / MASAS ? ? Situational Awareness Mapper / MASAS ?? Slide 1 Slide 2 Slide 3 Slide 4 Slide 5 Slide 6 Slide 7 Slide 8 Slide 9 Slide 10 Slide 11 Slide 12 Slide 13 Slide 14 Slide 15 Slide 16 Slide 17 Slide 18 Slide 19 Slide 20 Slide 21 Slide 22 Slide 23 Slide 24 Slide 25 Slide 26 Interactive desktop and video conferencing system, featuring touch screen for advanced collaboration Slide 27 ssss sss
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