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Transcript of Militarism
What is Militarism?
An arms race is when two or more groups compete to have the best forces. For example, the most number of weapons, most advanced military technology, and the biggest armies.
What is an Arms Race?
The German emperor Wilhelm II wanted to be an imperial ruler. He set his sights on having an Empire to match that of the British. To do this he would need to have a large and powerful navy. In 1900, Wilhelm ordered the construction of several large and powerful boats. The British saw this as a threat and responded by building a Dreadnought. This was a fast and very dangerous boat. In turn, the Germans started building this type of boat. A race started between them to have the largest navy. This race led to tension between Germany and the British.
What is a Naval race. Which nations were involved and how did it help lead to the outbreak of WWI?
The dreadnought was the predominant type of battleship in the early 20th century. It made such a strong impression on people's minds that countries were having races to build the most powerful dreadnought. Because of this race it lead to a lot of tension between countries which lead to conflict.
What was the Dreadnought? Explain its impact to the lead up to WWI.
Militarism is when a government believes their country should have a strong government. They do this to be prepared to protect their nation or defend any national interests.
How did the Arms Race affected World War I?
At the beginning of World War I, Germany was the leader in military organization and productivity. Most european countries copied Prussia's system, which had drafts, large reserves, and detailed planning.
As one country increased its armies, all the others felt like they had to increase their armed forces to keep the ‘balance of power’ or to prove their army was the best.
Britain, Italy, France, Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Russia were all involved in the Arms Race.
To what extent is militarism an important cause in the outbreak of World War I? How did it cause World War I to begin?
All the countries of Europe built up their armies and navies. In 1914, their armed forces stood like this:
• Germany: 2,200,000 soldiers, 97 warships
• Austria-Hungary: 810,000 soldiers, 28 warships.
• Italy: 750,000 soldiers, 36 warships
• France: 1,125,000 soldiers, 62 warships
• Russia: 1,200,000 soldiers, 30 warships
• Great Britain: 711,000 soldiers, 185 warships
Militarism is an important cause in World War I because it denoted a rise in military spending, also because it put more military influence into the civilian government. Force was a preference for a solution to problems.