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How do babies develop?
Transcript of How do babies develop?
the tone of your voice
the set of your mouth
the pace of your breathing
the feel of your skin
the glint in your eye They will form their perseption of the world based on the way you respond.
For example, You deciding they are worthwhile because you come to them when they are crying, you stare lovingly in their eyes and you feed them when they are hungry. 2-3 Months Continues to take in everything in their environment.
Their favourite activity becomes watching everything that is going on around them.
They now understand that you will soothe, feed and play with them.
They will surprise you with their first genuine smile.
They will like the response you give them when they smile and will learn that it is a way of showing you that they are happy.
Around 3 months, they will start to add some gurgling sounds to their smile. This is the most primitive form of conversation. During the first month the babies are just starting to get used to the new world.
They are adjusting from the warm and cozy womb to the different sights, sounds and sensations of life in the outside world.
They may not know exactly what is going on in the world around them but they are gaining knowledge everyday.
As the babies motor skills develop, their memory will improve, their attention span will lengthen, their ability to speak will improve and social skill will become more polished. Their body - Arms and legs not fully extended.
- They may even appear bowlegged. Their head will be wobbly and won't be able to focus on your face.
- Their eyes is still pretty fuzzy.
- Babies are born nearsighted and can see things best when they're about 8 to 15 inches away, so they can see your face clearly only when you're holding them close.
- The baby may not look you right in the eye from the start.
- Newborns tend to look at your eyebrows, your hairline, or your moving mouth.
- As they get to know you in the first month, they will become more interested in having eye-to-eye exchanges.
- Studies show that newborns prefer human faces to all other patterns or colors. 4-7 Months knows their own name and understand when you are speaking to them.
They may respond by turning their head to look at you while you are talking to them.
They become more used to your tone of voice, meaning they can tell when you are happy and will become joyful as well. And when you speak to them sharply they will become sad and may cry.
They are also learning to remember people they know and differentiate them from strangers. They may start crying when you put them into someones hands who they do not recognize. 8-12 Months They are begining to understand simple requests that you will make such as saying "No" when they try to touch the hot stove. They also start to test you. They will for example throw food on the floor just to see what your response will be.
They will put your response into their memory bank.
And later on they will do the same thing again just to see if you will have the same reaction every time. THE TEST Physical Learning EMOTIONAL They start to crawl, whether it is with their abdomen on or off the floor.
They start to get themselves into a standing position and eventually stand alone.
They learn to drink from a cup on their own.
They learn to change their position, such as moving from lying down to a sitting postion The babies will start to make vowel sounds.
They start making noise and shouting to get your attention.
They will drop things on purpose just to see if they will fall. Babies start to be afraid of people they aren't familiar with.
They start to cry and are frightened when their parents leave them with another caregiver, such as a babysitter.
They will start to laugh more to express their happiness.
They will start to resist having to go to bed and start to show their anger when they are unhappy.
They will pick up and repeat the actions and words the people around them use. Physical development Babies will be able to hold objects and be able to bring them to their mouths, and pass them from one hand to the other.
They will be able to push their heads and shoulders up and rest on their forearms while they are lying on their stomachs.
Babies start to drooling and teething.
They start to roll from the back to their side and to their stomach.
They will start putting their feet in their mouth and chew or play with their toes.
They may be able to sit for a breif period of time unsupported. Emotional They will start to laugh and chuckle when excited.
They don't cry as often as they have found different ways to express themselves.
Babies start fussing and demanding things if their needs aren't being met.
They start squealing and wiggling when they are excited by their parents.
They smile when they look in the mirror and when they see other babies.
By 7 months, they hold their arms out to be picked up and hugged. Physical Development Infants will learn to turn their head while lying on their stomachs or backs.
They will be able to hold their chins up while they are lying on their stomach. By 3 months most will be able to raise their heads and chests off the floor.
They will roll from side to side.
They will start to swipe out at objects in their eye view.
They will start to produce tears when they cry. Emotional Development Babies intrust you with the responsiblity of meeting their needs of nutrition, comfort and closeness.
They will soothe themselves with sucking.
Babies will smile at everyones faces, with special smiles for the ones that they love and are close with.
Infants will show their emotions through their facial expressions and crying.
They will learn to mimic people's facial expressions and movements. They will also respond by excited movements, sounds and facial expressions. Appearance Chubby
Baby's head may seem slightly mishapen ( large, out of proportion)
Eyes may seem puffy or slightly crossed.
Floppy or folded down ears. Just born A few weeks The baby's misshapen or pointy head will start to appear more rounded.
Eye puffiness fades and eye coordination will strengthen in time.
Weight will fill out the baby's body.
Ears will start to take a normal shape. Toddler PLAY Friends They have not developed their social skills yet, so struggles with other toddlers is normal. Through playing games with toddlers, they learn how to work out problems, and to manage their frustration. Family Toddlers should have one to one time with their carer to play.
They may choose to play alone in the presence of their carer or interact with them.
They love to mimic their carer And giving them "work" to do around the house like having mops, broom, dusters that are kid's size, will keep them occupied and happy.
They LOVE the praise and the feeling that they are helping out with the work. Developmental milestones: understanding words, behaviour and concepts. (2008). Retrieved from http://www.babycenter.com/0_developmental-milestones-understanding-words-behavior-and-co_6575.bc Further reading Mama's health. (2000). Retrieved from http://www.mamashealth.com/child/newborn.asp
French, G. & Murphy, P. (2005). Once in a lifetime. Early Childhood Care & Education for Children from Birth to Three. Dublin. Barnardoes Predictable, yet Flexible routines Must accommodate individual needs for food, rest and bodily care
within an overall framework that is consistent and predictable.
Regular daily events: Arrival & departure/ one or more choice times/
Outside time/ group time (for toddlers).
Variables: Sleeping/ eating/ nappy changing/ toiletting
should be weaved into the daily routine.
Routines take time to develop, so need to be relaxed about timing of this process. Cosistency Is the day always organised around a set of regular events and care giving routines?
Is the overall daily routine followed cosistently every day?
Are children's narural rythms, temeraments and needs accommodated every day?
Are transitions from one interesting experience to the other smooth and unhurried every day?
Are practitioners patient with the children's intense intrest in things around them every day?
Do practitioners share control of the day with children by giving them choices every day?
Do practitioners value children's need for sensory motor exploration in each event and routine every day?
Are practitioners alert to childre's verbal and non-verbal communication every day?
Do practitioners work as a team to provide ongoing support to each child throughout the day every day?
Do practitioners look at childrens actions and communications in the context of key experiences every day?