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Byzantine Empire and Latin West (Chapter 10)

By: Jordan and PB 2nd Period AP World History

Jordan A. Forehand

on 6 November 2012

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Transcript of Byzantine Empire and Latin West (Chapter 10)

Strayer, Robert W. Ways of The Byzantine Empire and
the Latin West By: PB Henry and
Jordan A. Forehand Politics in the West The Byzantium Empire The Latin West Comparison After the fall of Rome, the Eastern part of the Roman Empire became known as The Byzantium Empire This picture shows the Byzantium Empire at
its greatest extent The Beginning No clear starting point some say it started when Emperor Constantine established Constantinople (Capitol) It was a wealthy Empire, had a more defensible capitol, access to the Black Sea, and a strong navy Called themselves the "New Rome" Rise of
Christianity in Europe Christianity became the main religion of Europe, but the churches split into two parts in 1054- The Roman Catholic and the Eastern Orthodox
The Byzantium was a caesaropapism, which means they're church is closely tied to the state. Their secular ruler was often their church leader as well.
The growing Islamic World was threatening the growth of Christianity in Europe Eastern Orthodoxy vs. Latin Christianity
the Bible
intolerance for other religions Latin Christianity Eastern Orthodox centered around the pope (Rome) Latin Language Greek lang. priest could marry They had other differences about the Trinity, the source of the Holy Spirit, original sin, and the relative importance of faith, type of bread used in communion Conversion of Russia Byzantine Empire
and the World Conflict with Persian Empire led to invasions of Arab armies. Persia was conquered, and the Byzantine Empire lost territory Byzantium was also involved in trade. Their gold coins were used as currency in the Mediteranean basin, and their goods such as jewley, gemstones, silver and gold, linens and textiles were in demand
Spread Greek learning and ideas
Spread Orthodox Christianity
Cyril and Methodius (missionaries) created a written language called the Cyrillic script http://www.xtranormal.com/watch/13862815/latin-west Prince Valdmmir of Kiev was looking for a religion that would unify his region. He converted to Eastern Orthodox Christianity, which became the foundation for the state of Rus
He was advised before making his decision by many of Byzatium's priests and he even married the Emperor's sister, but it was mainly his decision.
After the Byzatine Empire fell, Moscow claimed to be the "third Rome" and continued the practices of Christianity In the centuries following the Roman Empire Crash in 476 CE:
Roman civilization seemed to weaken and somewhat disappear
a large scale form of rule vanished
disease and warfare broke out and reduced population Germanic people rose up and established new kingdoms and tried to reunify Rome and incorporate Roman ideas and lifestyles (Charlemagne) Society and Religion
of the West It was cut off from global trade routes, but they used river systems for trade.
Geography made it difficult for political unity
Moderate climates increased the population
Social hierarchies
Serfdom was practiced rather than slavery
Churches became very rich
They tried to convert non-Christians
In 1100, most of Europe was Christian
There was a rivalry between the rulers and church leaders although they needed each other for endoarsement of each other (you scratch my back I'll scratch yours) •Changing
in the West Invasions from the Muslims, Vikings, and Hungarians- ended by 1000
High Middle Ages- a time of expansion and growth
Climate became warm for a while which offered new agricultural opportunities
long distance trading in Northern Europe
population increased
new opportunities for women, but by the 15th century their opportunities were limited again
territorial states and more structured government system The Crusades The Crusades were basically religious battles
Made the tension between the Orthodox and Latin Christianity worse and weakened the Byzantine Empire
Launched in 1095
Popes strengthened their position for a while
Europeans interacted with the Islamic world
had little lasting impact politically or religiously in the Middle East The West was less developed
The West never regained unity like the Roman Empire
more military based than China
States had weaker rulers
China's cities were smaller and had less control than the Western cities that were independent
Intellect vs, faith became a main issue. People started searching for proof of Christianity. Works Cited
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