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Transcript of Paul Rudolph
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
Born October 23, 1918 in Elkton, Kentucky
Father was a methodist preacher
He graduated from Alabama Polytechnic Institute
Before graduate school, he served in the navy and oversaw ship construction in Brooklyn Naval Yard.
After the war, under Walter Gropius at Harvard. This was during a time where a lot of architects from Europe migrated to America to escape from the second world war, so Rudolph was in constant contact with the likes of Mies Van der Rohe.
His classmates included people who went on to define American architecture; like Phillip Johnson and I.M. Pei.
After graduating in 1947, he travelled Europe on a fellowship which influenced his thinking.
He entered into a five year partnership with Ralph Twitchell in Florida
Yale Art and Architecture is considered one of his most important works and he combines his influences from Le Corbusier, FL Wright and Louis Kahn with his own experiences to create a very dramatic, monumental architectural expression.
Time at Harvard and Early career
The Coccoon House (so named for the roofing material) was one of the first projects undertaken by Paul Rudolph during his partnership with Ralph Twitchell
It was notable for its catenary, plastic spray-on roof. The roofing material, named Cocoon, was the same used by the military to store ships
Healy Guest House (Cocoon House)
Is an example of climate responsive and energy conservation design.
Construction of this building lies between the two major and extreme styles of architecture that influenced Rudolph’s designs the most-
Sarasota School and Brutalism
(massive appearance of the building represents brutalist style, the interaction between the residence and the outdoor, lighting, creating voids and spaces, represent the Sarasota School of style)
keeping climate in mind, the architect has played with levels within the house, creating seven level differences
The building was built primarily in
poured concrete, concrete blocks and glass.
Milam Residence (Jacksonville, FL)
He recognises Frank Lloyd Wright and Le Corbusier as his biggest influences.
At only 800 square feet, its space was used efficiently and included two bedrooms, a kitchen, a bathroom, and a living room.
Temple St. Parking Structure
The structure is designed with a parabolic curved overhead and vertical concrete surfaces and a unique wooden shiplap texture to convey the stately feel of classic sailing ships.
The garage shows Rudolph’s skill with a plastic material and the form is horizontal which adds to its distinction.
The porous concrete blocks contain air pockets that reduce the formation of thermal bridges, aiding in keeping the building’s air conditioning within the structure and preventing outside heat from intruding.
Rudolph Hall, Yale University, CT
The dramatic entrance to the building is up a narrow flight of steps that penetrate deeply into the mass of the main volume, between it and the main vertical circulation tower.
Made of vertically ribbed concrete, in brutalist style
Thirty-seven changes of level accommodate functional and circulation areas, and since walls are de-emphasized these levels are defined principally by floor and ceiling planes.
The building defines a clear spatial hierarchy through use of levels such that it is behaves as one continuous space (not unlike Adolf Loos’ concept of Raumplan). The material used is vertically rubbed concrete, giving it its sculptural feel which could indicate the Corbusier influence.
Provided continuous slot of glass around the perimeter just below the roof, so the natural light enters the sanctuary diagonally.
The roof is hyperbolic paraboloid in form for acoustic reasons, and the space rises diagonally and escapes through glass.
The floor is almost level, but the ceiling height above the floor constantly changes, so that the space moves rapidly where the ceiling is high but more slowly where the ceiling is low.
It has unique and distinguish design, having no right angles. The "Singing Windows" from the original chapel were reproduced and installed in the current chapel.
UMass Dartmouth Campus Plan
Rudolph not only created a unified master plan on a completely empty site but also designed individual buildings and surrounding grounds as well.
The hierarchy of buildings is clear.
The academic buildings are at the heart of the campus.
Moving out towards the ring, the administrative building and student union building (the campus center) were added. These structures helped to fill the gap at the angle that leads to the pond.
The Foster Administration Building, the amphitheater at the library, and later the Visual and Performing Arts Building (Group VI) were all built at right angles to the pond.
The first student residence halls were located directly across from the ring road, so that students would have an easy walk to the campus center and dining hall.
After the 70s, his practice began to decline greatly and he took on more and more projects in the rapidly developing nations of Southeast Asia; for example the Bond Centre in Hong Kong is an example of this.