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Erin Baugher

on 16 January 2014

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Nonfiction Text Features
After discussing nonfiction text features, students will be able to:
complete a magazine hunt
identify samples of text features available in magazine
complete the worksheet on their chosen text feature.

What are Text Features?

Help the reader better understand what they have read
Provide information that may not be written in the text itself
Can be found in textbooks, magazine articles, newspapers, reports, web pages, and other forms of nonfiction text

Topic of the text
Main idea of the text
Help the reader by letting them know what they are about to read
Focus the reader on a topic so they can make connections between what they already know and the text

Table of Contents
Lists the major parts of a book along with their page numbers
Outlines the main topics or main points
Readers can use the table of contents to help locate information in the book and see how everything is organized

Alphabetical listing of the key names, terms, events, and topics with page numbers
Readers use the index to help find pages that contain information they are looking for.

List of key terms in alphabetical order
Each key word is defined
Sometimes a glossary also tells you how to pronounce a word
Readers use the glossary to look up key terms to find out their meaning.

Divide the text into sections
Tell the main idea of each section of text
Printed in large or bold type to make them stand out
Help the reader locate information in the text by telling them where to look

Text (Bold, Color & Italics
Photographs & Illustrations
Give information in a visual way
Help tell the story
Work with the words and headings to help teach material
What is the title all about?
The title is about water and how to reduce environmental footprint

Where would you find information on how water is used in Agriculture?
water is used in Agriculture would be found on page 10 in Background Briefing.

Where would you find information in the text about home water use?
How would the glossary help you understand text about natural resources?

You would understand better natural resources because the glossary tells you the meaning of it.

Where would you find tips for creating less water pollution?
You would find the tips for creating less water pollution on the second subheading of the page.

Style and color of the text sends the reader signals about how to read the content
Key words to notice are in bold or in color
Text in italics is used in picture captions, book titles, and any other element that needs to stand out
Text in bold, color, or italics draw the readers attention to important information

How do the words in bold letters help you understand the text?
The words in bold letters help you point out the important key words.

How would these photos help you understand the text?

The pictures would help me understand how water is used in Agriculture

Organize large amounts of information in a small space
Present all kinds of data, from numbers and amounts, to calendars and menus
Help the reader compare information in the text

Diagram is a drawing that shows or explains something
To understand a diagram the reader should read the titles, labels, captions, and numbered parts
Help the reader understand steps, how objects are made, or information in the text

A Caption explains what is shown in a picture or illustration
Help the reader understand information that may or may not be in the text

How does this caption help you understand the picture?

The caption explain that you can use gray water to your garden to lessen water use.

Provides more information than is in the text about a topic

Includes interesting facts or important information the author wants the reader to know

Help readers understand by creating interest or emphasizing important information

Based on the third textbox, wastewater from a bath contains detergents that can pollute the water cycle.

How would a table about how much water does it take to make a certain product helps you understand the importance of water?

The table helped you understand how much gallons of water (liters) is needed to make different products.

How could this diagram help you understand earth’s water cycle?

The diagram helps you understand the process that allows us to use the same water again and again.

Drawings that show the basic shape of the land and other geographical, political, or historical features
A visual form

Help the reader understand where an event happens
Help the reader understand how far away an event took place
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