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Animal Farm - Book Presentation
Transcript of Animal Farm - Book Presentation
Throughout the book, there was a constant theme that kept revealing itself -- leadership and corruption. The pigs take over after Jones faces expulsion from the farm, and they quickly overcome all the havoc. The pigs, who claim to be the smartest animals, are elected as the farm's leaders. They guarantee equal rules and make everyone work together. Despite the great start, the power is proving to be too much for the pigs who begin to create small privileges for themselves. Hereafter, these privileges expand into huge advantages and corruption. In addition, all the other animals cannot do anything about the unfairness without being slaughtered. Moreover, the pigs start to look and seem more like who they replaced, the people. The evil pigs walk on two legs, wear clothes, and even drink alcohol.
While reading this book, I realized how it could relate to the real world. There are many cases of corruption everywhere. For example, in China, bribery, kickbacks, and embezzlement are common with the government and people with authority. It is considered one of the government's major problems and a threat to their future. This happens not only in the China, but all over the globe.
Russian Revolution (1917)
Animal Farm, published in 1945, was written by George Orwell, a pen name for Eric Arthur Blair. George Orwell was a democratic socialist who was angered at Joseph Stalin for betraying the ideas of the Russian Revolution. In fact, that is the basis of Orwell's book. The characters in Animal Farm resemble significant people that impacted the Russian Revolution. These characters act similarly to the real people and repeat actions that were done in the past. Through this book, George Orwell exposes Stalin's true nature and evils using a corrupt pig named Napoleon that eventually dictates the farm.
Farm animals controlled by their farmer, Mr. Jones, feel that they are working too hard to fulfill the needs of people. Therefore, an old boar named Old Major decides to start a revolt. However, a few days later, he dies and two pigs, Snowball and Napoleon, feel that it is necessary to drive Mr. Jones away. The rebellion is successful, and the animals rename the farm to Animal Farm. They create the "Seven Commandments of Animalism" which serves as the basis of their laws. Quickly, the animals learn how to read and write, and there is already an election for leader between Snowball and Napoleon. Napoleon who fears that Snowball will triumph from the election commands his guard dogs to chase Snowball out of Animal Farm forever. Hence, there is no one to oppose him for leadership, and he wins by default. In the beginning, Animal Farm prospers, and the animals enjoy themselves. Soon, however, the pigs realize the amount of power they have obtained and alter a few parts of the "Seven Commandments" in their favor. Squealer, a pig that speaks for Napoleon's plans, makes sure the animals do not get suspicious of their corruption. In spite of this, some animals are not convinced their lives are easier than before. To confirm they will not be any trouble, Napoleon simply kills them. After a few years, the pigs begin socializing with neighboring farmers such as Mr. Fredrick. Napoleon bargains with Mr. Fredrick only to find himself tricked and attacked.
When I read Animal Farm for the first time, I found it very boring and difficult to continue. However, that was before I discovered what each animal represented and why this book was written. It was not until then when I truly appreciated and understood how well-written Animal Farm is. Additionally, I realized how greatly it portrays the past. I would strongly recommend everyone to read this book with one requirement - a brief knowledge of the Russian Revolution. If you have an interest in this book, I would advise you to do a little research about this event. Overall, Animal Farm was a fantastic book that used fiction to reflect upon the past. I would encourage anyone looking for a great book to read this.
by George Orwell
Background of Animal Farm
1.) "Four legs good, two legs bad." (page 34)
-This quote is one of the original Seven Commandments of Animalism. In the beginning, the usual chanting of this helps the animals achieve their goal, but later, it becomes meaningless. Near the end of the book, the pigs alter the quote to be, "Four legs good, two legs better." (page 134) This shows how the elite leaders can control and abuse the lower class using language.
2.) "All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others." (page 134)
-This is the final change in the Seven Commandments which is now the Five Commandments. The pigs use this to confuse all the other animals. There cannot be different levels of equality, and the pigs use this to express their authority and superior knowledge.
Comparisons between Russian Revolution and Animal Farm
Who do the Characters Represent?
Old Major - Vladimir Lenin. They both inspire their followers to overthrow the leader.
Napoleon - Joseph Stalin. Leaders of their country/farm after Lenin/Old Major. They seem promising at first, but then eventually take advantage of their power which lead to breaking promises.
Snowball - Leon Trotsky. They are Stalin's/Napoleon's rivals and want to carry out a beneficial revolution.
Squealer - Vyacheslav Molotov. They are Stalin's/Napoleon's right hand man/pig. They defended everything that Stalin/Napoleon said.
Mr. Jones - Tsar Nicholas II. These people are the leaders before the Russian Revolution. They cause many problems for their people/animals which lead to a revolt against them. They are both executed along with their families.
Mr. Fredrick - Adolf Hitler. They both form an alliance with Stalin/Napoleon. However, they later break that alliance by invading the Soviet Union/farm.
The animal's rebellion - the animals believe Mr. Jones is working them too hard, and he is the cause to all their problems.
Revolt against Tsar Nicholas II - the people thought he did not provide for the needs of the country.
Snowball is driven away - Napoleon is scared that Snowball would be elected as the leader of the farm. Therefore, he uses his violent guard dogs to chase Snowball away and not allow him to come back.
Trotsky is also chased out of the Soviet Union - Joseph Stalin feared Trotsky would take power instead of him, so Stalin deported Trotsky to Central Asia before banishing him from the USSR permanently.
Deal and Battle with Mr. Fredrick - Napoleon sells timber to Mr. Fredrick, but in return he received forgeries of bank notes. He was tricked.
Deal and Battle with Hitler - Stalin and Hitler had made an alliance to team up against Eastern Europe. However, the Nazi's were not true to their word and attacked the Soviet Union instead.