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Agricultural Sector

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Joshua Uy

on 6 February 2013

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Transcript of Agricultural Sector

Agrarian/ Land Reform Agriculture AGRICULTURAL SECTOR also called farming or husbandry, is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi, and other life forms for food, fiber, biofuel and other products used to sustain life. The study of agriculture is known as agricultural science. Agriculture generally speaking refers to human activities, although it is also observed in certain species of ant and termite.The word agriculture is the English adaptation of Latin agricultūra, from ager, "a field",and cultūra, "cultivation" in the strict sense of "tillage of the soil“. Farming
Fishing
Livestock
Forestry 4 subsectors of Agriculture Sector is catching fish either for fun or so they can be eaten. Fishing Farming are domestic animals that are kept by people for food, milk, leather, or wool. Some types of livestock are: cattle, pigs, sheep, goats, and chickens. Livestock The science and art of cultivating, maintaining, and developing forests. Forestry 1. Agricultural sector provides food.
2. Agricultural sector provides raw materials needed to create another products.
3. Agricultural sector contributes to the economic progress through export. 
4. Agricultural sector provides employment to a large number of Filipinos. 
5. A progressive agricultural sector can support other sectors of the economy is growing crops or keeping animals by people for food and raw materials. Importance of Agriculture Provides farmers a piece of land of their own which is their lifelong dream. American period The Americans enacted several legislations in order to distribute the land to the landless. Philippines bill of 1902 Sets the ceiling on the hectarage that private individuals and corporations may acquire; 16 ha for private individuals and 1024 ha for corporations. All land titles of the Filipinos must be registered upon the implementation of the Torrens system. The Torrens system did not solve the problem of land ownership. Public Land Act of 1903 Introduced the homestead system in the Philippines all public lands were distributed to their families who till the land. Tenancy Act of
1933 Regulated relationships between land owners and tenants of rice and sugarcane lands. Land Registration Act
of 1920 Commonwealth Period Commonwealth Act
No, 178 Provide for certain controls in the
landlord-tenant relationships. National Rice And
Corn Corporation
(NARIC) Establish the price of rice and corn
that helps
the poor, tenants and consumers. Commonwealth Act
No. 461 Specified reasons for the dismissal of tenants
only with the approval of the
tenancy division of the
Department Of Justice. Rural Program
Administration provides the purchase and lease
of haciendas and
lease to their tenants. Commonwealth Act
No. 441 Created the nation settlement administration during
the Japanese occupation;
the HUKBALAHAP controlled whole areas of central Luzon;
landlords who supported the Japanese lost their lands
to peasants,
and those who supported the HUKS earned
fixed rentals in favor of the tenants. PHILIPPINE REPUBLIC The problems of the land tenure worsened in some areas after granting of Philippine
independence in 1946. Republic Act no. 34 – this regulated the share – tenancy contracts with establishment of 70-30
sharing arrangements.

Republic act no. 55 – provided for a more effective safeguard against arbitrary ejection of
tenants. Pres. Manuel Roxas Pres. Diosdado Macapagal Executive order No. 335 – replace national lands settlement administration with land settlement
development corporation( LASEDECO ) which takes over the responsibilities of the agricultural
machinery equipment corporation and arise in corn production administration. Republic Act. 3844 of August 8, 1963 (known as Agricultural land reform code) – spear headed
and intensive the land reform program of the country Pres. Elpidio Quirino Presidential decree no. 2 declared the country under the land reform program.
Presidential decree no. 27 restricted land reform scope to tenant rice and corn lands. Pres.
Ferdinand
Marcos Republic act no. 6657 - it instituted a comprehensive agrarian reform act to promote social
justice. Also know as comprehensive agrarian reform law (CARL). It is the main component of
comprehensive agrarian reform program(CARP). Pres. Corazon Aquino Republic act no. 8435 (agriculture and fisheries modernization act) (AFMA) aims to strengthen
the agriculture and fisheries sector through modernization.
Republic act no. 8532 (agrarian reform fund bill) provided additional 50 billion pesos for CARP
and extended for another 10 years. Pres.
Fidel
Ramos Republic act no. 821 ( Creation of agricultural credit cooperative financing administration)- this
provided small farmers and share tenants loans with low interest rates of 6-8% . Pres. Carlos
P. Garcia No new legislation was passed, he just
continued the program of Ramon Magsaysay. Pres.
Joseph Estrada Executive order 151 (farmer’s trust fund) allowed the voluntary consolidation of small
farm operation into medium and large-scale integrated enterprise. Launched the
MAGKABALIKAT PARA SA KAUNLARAN sa AGRARIO (MAGKASAKA) Pres.
Gloria
Macapagal Arroyo Pres. Ramon Magsaysay Freed farmers from the chain of poverty and transferred the land ownerships under their names Lands that are not under the CARP Parks
Fishponds
National defense areas
Schools
Churches
Cemeteries
Temples
Watersheds
Forest and reforestation areas Executive order 364 widened the area of operations of the dept. land reform making it accountable
for all land reform activities and programs in the Philippines.
Executive order no. 456 commanded the Dept. of Land Reform to revert back to its original name
which is Dept. of Agrarian Reform (DAR) HISTORY PERFORMANCE Source: www.bas.gov.ph Agriculture not only gives riches to a nation,
but the only riches she can call her own.
-Samuel Johnson The discovery of agriculture was the
first big step toward a civilized life.
-Arthur Keith When you concentrate on agriculture and industry
and are frugal
in expenditures, Heaven cannot impoverish your state. -Xun Zi QUOTES! THANKS FOR LISTENING!
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