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Mandela's long walk to freedom

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Classe 5AL

on 1 February 2016

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Transcript of Mandela's long walk to freedom

''For his legacy.'' - Winnie
How did he help his country?
How will he be remembered?
What is
the Mandela Day?

How did he inspire other people in the world?
Barack Obama
''My very first political action was a protest against apartheid.''
''The day he was released from prison gave me a sense of what human beings can do when they are guided by their hopes and not by their fears.''
''I could not imagine my own life without the example that Mandela set.''
''As long as I live, I would do what I can to learn from a man who took his freedom in his hands and bent the arch of the universe more towards justice.''
For the young people of the world, Mandela represented the triumph of justice over brutality, of hope over oppression. No other politician of the 20th century was equally able to give voice to these universal values.
YOUNG PEOPLE
What is apartheid?
Apartheid was a system set up by the National Party government of an extremely formal race-based division of the country. It dominated the Republic of South Africa from 1948 until 1993.

South Africa situation
White people
They were free,
They could vote and they could go anywhere they wanted.
The white minority ruled over all other ethnic groups - mainly African and Indians.
Black people
They would only be able to work in black jobs, live in black townships, eat or drink at black establishments, Black people were allowed to use only black hospitals, black public toilets, doctors, and schools.
Black people
Black people had to carry special papers (passes) or have permission to live and work in particular areas.
He had been imprisoned twice in his life
Nelson Mandela was first arrested in 1962. He was sentenced to life imprisonment on June 12, 1964 for conspiracy to overthrow the state and sent to Robben Island Prison.
First inprisonment

How did he become the President Of South Africa?
He had been imprisoned two times:
First time
Second time
As an international symbol of dignity and forbearance.
As the personification of opposition to South Africa’s brutal apartheid regime.
HE WILL BE REMEMBERED...
HE WILL BE REMEMBERED...
HE WILL BE REMEMBERED...
As the person that sacrified his freedom for the others freedom.
As Barack Obama said:
''Nelson Mandela lived for an ideal and made it real. He belongs to time, to history.
He has transformed South Africa and all of us. His work has meant so much. ''
As a giant, an example of humility, equality, justice, peace and hope for millions of men and women.
As a person who was always ready to respect all points of view.
''A justice giant.'' - Ban Ki-moon.
As "
Madiba
" - the
father
of his country and an
example
for us all.
Mandela was 44 when he was sentenced to hard labour at South African notorious Robben Island Prison. Prisoners were placed in small cells and were obliged to work long hours in limestone quarries.
Here they had to smash up stones that would be used to build highways and roads.

Later on, Mandela was moved to Polls moor Prison which is near the mainland. He served his life sentence for twenty seven years. Mandela refused to compromise his political position in exchange for his prison. On February 11 1990, Nelson Mandela became a free man at the age of 71.
The Mandela Day
18th July
Music

Live concerts and songs
People


"During my lifetime I have dedicated myself to this struggle of the African people.
I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination.
I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities.
It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.”
Apartheid in the Afrikaans language literally means apartness.
This segregation system had been imposed by the white successors of the first Dutch colonial settlers.
Mr Mandela’s quest for freedom went from the court of tribal royalty to the liberation underground, to a prison rock quarry and finally to the presidential suite of Africa’s wealthiest country.
The main cause of his life was to have South Africa one day be ruled by South Africans and he achieved this goal.
Mr Mandela’s quest for freedom went from the court of tribal royalty to the liberation underground, to a prison rock quarry and finally to the presidential suite of Africa’s wealthiest country.

The main cause of his life was to have South Africa one day be ruled by South Africans and he achieved this goal.

As the man who at the most dangerous moment in the turbolent history of South Africa, saved the people of his country.
As the person who has joined the blacks to white together.
As a person who left us a solidarity and brotherhood message.
As the leader whose grace and generosity so embodied the very essence of his message of reconciliation.
As the president who gave back honor to South Africa population as a nation.
As the symbol of the triumph of justice over brutality.
As an ICON OF FREEDOM.
As A TREASURE FOR HUMANITY.
WE WILL REMEMBER HIM BEST...
Nelson Mandela led the emancipation of South Africa from white minority rule and served as his country's first black president. He became an international symbol of dignity and forbearance.
Mandela became the first black President on 10 May 1994.
By continuing to be
peaceful
.
His first speech as President of South Africa: Pretoria, 10 May 1994
"We are both humbled and elevated by the honor and privilege that you, the people of South Africa, have bestowed on us, as the first president of a united, democratic, non-racial and non-sexist South Africa, to lead our country out of the valley of darkness.
We understand it still that there is no easy road to freedom.
We know it well that none of us acting alone can achieve success.
We must therefore act together as a united people, for national reconciliation, for nation building, for the birth of a new world".


Treating people
without prejudice
.
His presidency was fully dedicated to improve the conditions of South Africa.
For example he delivered two miracles: freedom and increased prosperity. Mandela had promised a lot in terms of economic advancement but he could not keep all these promises.
In addition he saw national reconciliation as the primary task of his presidency since he had realised that in order to govern his country he had to win over some significant percentage of the whites. In other words, he had at least to reassure them that he would be the President of the whole "Rainbow Nation".
''We will remember him best by continuing to forge the country he wanted.''- Nicky Oppenheimer.
Being ready to forgive.
Mandela’s speech on poverty: Johannesburg, 2nd July 2005
"Overcoming poverty is not a gesture of charity.
It is an act of justice.
It is the protection of a fundamental human right, the right to dignity and a decent life.
While poverty persists, there is no true freedom.
The steps that are needed from the developed nations are clear".
Another important aspect was that Mandela oversaw the formation of a Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) to investigate crimes committed under apartheid by both the government and the ANC. Consequently, he won the worldwide respect for his support of the national and international reconciliation and he inspired and advised many representatives of the Irish “Sinn Féin”.
Mandela used rugby, a whites' sport, to achieve the unity of his nation. In the blacks' eye rugby had become a sort of symbol of the oppressors' culture.
So Mandela took it up on himself to embrace the national rugby team called “The Springbox”. Their motto was ”One team, one country”. Later in 1995 South Africa won the World Rugby Cup.
Take action
Mandela followed three rules throughout his life, which he did at great personal sacrifice:
1. Free yourself,
2. Free others, and ...
3. Serve everyday
It was not just his mantra, it was his way of life.

Mandela encouraged also INDIVIDUALS and ORGANIZATIONS to adhere to the ethical framework of ''service to one’s fellow human''.
Spend one hour of good actions – he said -
just small things that can change the world.
Robben Island
Barack Obama in Mandela's cell
Why had he been
imprisoned?

Mandela's long walk to freedom
The Mandela Day's objective is to inspire individuals to take action to help change the world for the better, and in doing so, to build a global movement for good. Ultimately it seeks to empower communities everywhere.
The Mandela Day campaign was inaugurated as a vehicle to convey the message that each individual has the ability and responsibility to impact positive change every day.
The Republic of South Africa
Individuals and organisations are free to participate and encouraged to find inspiration for their contribution in the legacy of Nelson Mandela. All are invited to adhere to the ethical framework of “service to one’s fellow human” every day.
In the early 1960s Mandela led the ANC - the African National Congress on the road of an armed insurrection against the apartheid regime. It would lead to his eventual arrest with the charge of conspiracy to overthrow the state.
Mandela’s courtroom speech was one of the most eloquent of his life:
Under the National Party’s rule, ethnic clashes and violence were common.
In Mandela’s view, by the mid 1980s the enemy was already morally and politically defeated. His strategy – he said – was to give the white rulers every chance to retreat in an orderly way.
Mandela’s decision to begin direct and secret negotiations with the white government was one of the most momentous of his life.
Two years after Mandela’s release from prison, black and white leaders began negotiations that would lead to the end of the white rule.
Mr Mandela and the white Prime Minister De Klerk argued and manoeuvred towards a peaceful transition of power.
The key of their agreement was that the ANC would share power for the initial stages of the new democracy and the President would have two deputy presidents from the others parties participating in the government.

Having agreed on a new constitution, they then had to start campaigning for democratic elections, which the nation had never had before and in which most of the African people were expected to participate.
Mandela campaigned in white neighbourhoods too and went to white events. He believed that his mission was to set free both the oppressed and the oppressors.
He undertook the abolition of apartheid by building his nation on unity rather than vengeance.
He became Madiba – the father of his country.
"Let there be justice for all.
Let there be work, bread, water and salt for all.
Let each know that for each the body, the mind and the soul have been freed to fulfil themselves.
Let there be peace for all".

"Never, never and never again shall it be that this beautiful land will again experience the oppression of one by another and suffer the indignity of being the skunk of the world.
The sun shall never set on so glorious a human achievement.
Let freedom reign. God bless Africa".
The Rainbow Country
Mandela’s legend grew when he arrived at his trial wearing traditional tribal clothes so as to emphasize that he was an African entering a white man’s jurisdiction.
R.I.P Mr Mandela
Class Project by 5AL
ITC ZANON Udine (Italy)
School-year 2013-14
Mandela contributed to eliminating apartheid in South Africa
Full transcript