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Temperate Deciduous Forest Tour

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by

Yui Ishihara

on 14 February 2014

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Transcript of Temperate Deciduous Forest Tour

Human Impact
Characteristics:
Often covers the ground, stream beds, & bases of trees
Looks:
Golden green in spring
Turns almost velvety with age
Leaves grow parallel & end at a point
Edges have long, narrow cells that grow in pairs
Margins look serrated
Adaptations:
Carpets forest floor
Staying close makes it easier to reproduce & prevents from being eaten
Can reproduce asexually or sexually
Spores can distribute widely
Absorbs water through pores that are always open & require constant moisture
Temperate Deciduous Forests
By: Michelle Yin, Yui Ishihara, & Marissa Li
Hello! Michelle here as your tour guide!
Michelle
Marissa
I'm Yui! Welcome to Poland!! ;)
What about me!? And Koko?!
Koko
..... OK! Moving on!

Characteristics:
Bushy tails
Small body
Ginger/red/brown fur
Weight: up to 350 g
Length: 36.5 cm
Adaptations:
Strong teeth
4 toes on each foot w/ long/sharp claws to help climb trees
Long bushy tail for balance
Small in size & weight.
Survival Hint: Acorns are edible if you cook them.
European Red Squirrel
European Bison
Characteristics:
Thickset body shape
Short neck
Shoulder humps
Longer mane of hair beneath neck & forehead
Coat is dark to golden brown
Length: 2.9 m
Shoulder Height: 1.8 - 1.95 m
Weight: 600 - 1,000 kg
Adaptations:
Fur coat for cold
dentition
muzzle width
horns
eyes on both sides of head
Survival Hint: Do not bother them. They may stampede.
I'm a guy...if you couldn't tell...
Animals
of the
European Deciduous Forests

Fat Dormouse
Food Web
Characteristics:
Omnivore
Thick fur is soft & short with silvery color
Small, round eyes
Large, round ears
Short legs
Length: 5-8 inches
Weight: 2.5-6 ounces
Adaptations:
Large bushy tail for balance
Thick fur
Nocturnal
Long ears
Survival Hint: Fat dormice are edible (If you're that desperate)
Climate
Seasons
Summer-
Summer starts in July
It is the hottest month
Summer is the hottest season
Autumn/Fall-
Autumn begins in September
It's warm and sunny at the beginning
It gradually turns colder and foggier by November
Winter-
Winter begins in December
Polish winter is usually grey and wet.
The days become shorter
Spring-
Spring begins at the start of March
Initially it is cold, but as the days progress it gets warmer

Survival Tip-
Make sure to wear something warm in the winter!
Temperature, Rainfall, Humidity & Winds
Average rainfall is 30 to 60 in.
Snow in the winter
Rain in the spring
Temperature is 25-64ºF
The humidity is 60% to 80%
Winds come from the sea breeze & the halny
The winds in Poland are typically weak to moderate
The Land &
Water

Plants
of the
European Deciduous Forests
Least Weasel
Characteristics:
Smallest carnivore in the world
Coat is a dirty brown/dirty white color
Head is long and oval shapedEyes are usually blackEars are short and stubby
Length of Body: 4 to 10 in
Male's weight: 1.5- 8.75 lbs
Female's weight: 0.8-4.3 lbs

Adaptations:
Long slender body
Sharp nails
Good sense of smell
Long nose
Paws have 5 toes with sharp claws used as weapons in hunting
Carpet Moss
Common Lime
Characteristics:
A tall, stately tree
Lives up to 500 years old
120-130 ft tall
Looks:
Bushy side shoots grow along trunk near the ground
Lower branches arch out
Blisters from aphids and sap-sucking insects
Flowers are yellowish to dull white. Flattened clusters of 4-10 on a stalk.
Leaves:
Grow singly along stem
Not opposite each other
4-7 in wide
Roundish and slightly heart shaped
Small, fine-toothed edges
Dull, dark green above and lighter under
Tops are hairless but tufts of white hairs grow at the junction of veins underneath
Fruit:
Nut like a pea
Hairy and faintly ribbed
Hang together on green brackets.
Guelder Rose
Characteristics:
A tree
Member of the Honeysuckle family
Bark is used for herbal medication
Flowers:
Snowy white
3-5 inches across
Adaptation:
Berries are brightly colored to attract birds that spread seeds
Flowers attract insects for pollination
Survival Tip- The berries are poisonous to humans unless cooked
Trees
Bodies of Water and Landforms
Lakes & rivers drain into the Baltic Sea
The northern regions are hilly
Flat fertile farmlands dominate the Central
Lowlands Sudetic & Carpathian Mountain ranges
The longest river in Poland is the Vistula
From the Baltic lowlands, Poland's land rises gently into tree-covered hilly areas
Lady Fern
During fall, leaves change color
During winter, leaves fall off
During summer & spring leaves grow
Nutrient-rich soil because of decaying leaves during the winter and fall.
Decomposers break down dead leaves, returning nutrients to the soil.
There are five layers found in the temperate deciduous forest biome-Ground Layer, Herb Layer, Shrub Layer, Small Tree Layer, & Top Layer
Survival Tip- You can use wood to build houses/shelter
Plants may be boring, but I like them...(just kidding)
Yui
Yui
Michelle
Michelle
Characteristics:
24 to 36 inches tall
Light green leaves are 24 to 30" long and 6 to 9" wide
Grow in a group in the shape of a circle
They grow in most semi-shaded areas
Reproduce by thick, scaly rhizomes and spores
Adaptations:
Large size
Loses leaves at first frost
tolerant of sun and dry soil.
Plants lean toward the sun
and they soak up nutrients in the ground. Deciduous Trees have broad leaves that capture lots of sunlight. They have thick bark to protect themselves against the cold winters. Deciduous trees lose leaves in autumn to minimize water loss.
Many birds migrate to find food. They hibernate during the cold seasons. Small animals store food to use during winter when food is scarce. Animals can also be camouflaged to look like the ground!!
Location
Found in...
Many parts of Asia
Southwest Russia, Japan, and eastern China
South America- southern Chile and Middle East coast of Paraguay
New Zealand
Southeastern Australia
Now let's explore Poland's climate!
Hey, it's me again! Now onto the land and bodies of water!
Negatives
Positives
The using and spreading of awareness for renewable energy sources such as:
wind energy
solar energy
geothermal energy
Making national parks to preserve temperate deciduous forests
Humans rip down trees & plants, for paper, chairs, tables, etc.
They take foods: nuts, berries, animals, fish, etc.
Humans cause pollution by all of the heavy machinery. Gas, oil & other wastes that can poison, hurt, or kill animals
Logging
Urbanisation
Building motorway
Building farms and other buildings
Deforestation ruins animals’ homes/habitats
Global climate change
Symbiotic
Relationships
Mutualism-
Wolf & Raven:
Ravens scavenge for wolf kills. Wolves watch ravens for signs of danger & food.
Commensalism-
Squirrels live in the cavities of the trees. The trees aren’t affected because the cavities already exist.
Parasitism-
Tapeworms live in deer. They can sometimes cause death of the deer they are feeding on.
Predator/Prey-
Lynx hunt birds & rabbits for food.
Our Video
Behind the Scenes
Yui
Extra Credit
Survivor Challenge:
https://docs.google.com/a/bbhcsd.org/document/d/1eLedeDSDlQcKJ7UGqivFH1VyX1QIlQJbPmI4jTacxL8/edit

The End!
Thank you for watching!!

We hope you liked
our little production!

Koko
And Michelle's little trip! ;)
Awwww!!!
<3
Our Beloved Bear
Note: The fuzzy plant is actually called Lamb's Ear.
Video Cast
Starring: The Squirrel:
Camera Girl: Michelle
Voice-Over Artist (For Squirrel)- Yui
Other Members:
Full transcript