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Rizal's Arrest and Decree of Deportation

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Regine Medalla

on 23 December 2013

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Transcript of Rizal's Arrest and Decree of Deportation

Rizal's Arrest and Decree of Deportation
Decree of Deportation
July 7, 1892- date of decree of deportation

Gaceta de Manila- place where decree of deportation happened or published


Reasons of the Decree
-Rizal had published books and articles abroad which showed disloyalty to Spain and which were “frankly anti-Catholic” and “imprudently anti-friar”.

-Leaflets/handbills (Pobres Frailes) in which the patient and humble generosity of Filipinos is satirized, and which accusation is published against the customs of the religious orders

-His novel El Filibusterismo was dedicated to the memory of three “traitors” (Burgos, Gomez, Zamora), and on the title page he wrote that in view of the vices and errors of the Spanish administration, “the only salvation for the Philippines was separation from the mother country.”



Cell of Rizal
Cell of Rizal
Fort Santiago
References:

Gonzales D. Rizal mga piling kwento ng pagibig at pakikipagsapalaran

de Guzman M. The Filipino Heroes

Fernando B. Rizal the Reformist

Bagolong S. Jose Rizal Life, works and writings

Castaneda S. Jose Rizal The Martyr and National Hero
- On July 6, 1892 Rizal was summoned to Malacañan.

-Governor Despujol ask him if he still wanted to go back to Hongkong. Rizal replied in the affirmative.

-the Governor-General produced some handbills which were found in Lucia’s pillows


Rizal's Arrest in Manila
Conditions
Carnicero's House
Rizal in Fort Santiago
- he stayed incommunicado for 8 days

-treated well while under temporary detention

-In his own account, Rizal mentioned that the room had three windows, one unbarred looking out at the courtyard, another one barred looking out on the city wall and the bay Shore and a third which served as a door and was locked.

-the commandant gave him a good reception different from an ordinary prisoner.



Rizal's Arrest cont..
-The incriminatory handbills were
printed copies of an anti-friar article entitled, “Pobres Frailes (Poor Friars)”
under the authorship of Father
Jacinto and bore the imprint of
“Imprenta de los Amigos Manila.”

-This article was a satire against the
rich dominicans who amassed
fabulous wealth contrary to their
vow of poverty

Rizal Bound for Dapitan
July 14, 1892, 10:00pm- scheduled to leave the Fort

Ferryboat "Cebu" took him to Dapitan, General Ahumada together with several persons were present.

-1:00 in the morning the ferryboat left the port bound for Dapitan

The ship which brought Rizal to Dapitan also carried a letter by Fr. Pablo Pastells, Superior of the Jesuit Society in the Philippines to Fr. Antonio Obach, Jesuit missionary of Dapitan.


Rizal's Arrest
Father Pastells informed the missionary that Rizal could live in the Jesuit mission house on the following conditions:

-That Rizal publicly retract his errors concerning religion, and make statements that were clearly pro-Spanish and against revolution.

-That he perform the church rites and make general confession of his past life.

-That henceforth he conduct himself in an exemplary manner as a Spanish subject and a man of religion.
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