Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.



No description

anna batalha

on 29 April 2016

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of EDUCATION

"Education in England." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. Web. 27 July 2015. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_England>.

6. Conversion courses.
A vocational postgraduate qualification usually taken by graduates wanting to change subject area after their first degree and
Better prepare themselves for the job market.

Primary education
18th century
British Education System
Higher Education
- The state still has control over teacher training courses, and uses its Ofsted inspectors to maintain standards.
At undergraduate level
5. Higher National Diploma (HND):
A two-year course which, if completed with high grades, can lead to the third year of a degree.
What happens after the age of 16?

19th century
Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge
Sunday School Movement
"The children were to come after ten in the morning, and stay till twelve; they were then to go home and return at one; and after reading a lesson, they were to be conducted to Church. After Church, they were to be employed in repeating the catechism till after five, and then dismissed, with an injunction to go home without making a noise."
School day: Sunday
Curriculum: started with learning to read and then moved on to the catechism.
Textbook: the Bible
Teachers: lay people
Focus on grammar instruction to the exclusion of all other subjects.
20th century
21th century
Most schools run by the church
-1813: Sunday School ministering weekly to approximately 25% of the population.
-1818: John Pounds began teaching poor children without charging fees.
-1833: Parliament voted sums of money each year for the construction of schools for poor children
-1839: government grants for the construction and maintenance of schools were switched to voluntary bodies
-1840: the Grammar Schools Act included science and literature.
-1844: Anthony Ashley-Cooper formed the 'Ragged School Union' dedicated to the free education of destitute children
Over 95% of children of elementary school age were already enrolled in schools well before it was made compulsory and free.
Butler and the tripartite system
- Established the Tripartite System: consisting of grammar schools, secondary modern schools and secondary technical schools.
- The Education Act 1944 or "the Butler Act": defined the modern split between primary education and secondary education at age 11
- Comprehensive schools had been introduced: no entrance test and open to all children.
- The post-war years: the Tripartite System became controversial.
- 1964 - 1973 onwards: increase of the legal leaving age from 15 to 16.
The Education Reform Act of 1988
1. The National Curriculum was introduced
2. National curriculum assessments were introduced at the Key Stages 1 to 4 (ages 7, 11, 14 and 16 respectively)
3. League tables began showing performance statistics for each school.
4. Formula funding was introduced
- 2007 Education Secretary Alan Johnson announced plans to extend the school leaving age in England to 18.
Labor, from 1997 to 2010
- During the 1997 General Election, the Labor party slogan was "Education, Education, Education".
- Labor expanded a policy started by the Conservatives of creating specialist schools =
1997: there were 196 of these schools.
2002: there were 1000.
2006: the plan was to have 2000
New goal is to make all secondary schools specialist.
Education in England is overseen by the United Kingdom's Department for Education and Department for Business, Innovation and Skills
The education system is divided into stages based upon age.
A tradition of independent schooling and Home schooling
Section 7 of the 1996 Education Act states:
to follow school hours and terms;
- The legislation places no requirement for parents who choose not to send their kids to school
to follow the National Curriculum;
to give formal lessons;
parents do not need to be qualified teachers.
-The state provides no financial support to the parents
Full-time education is compulsory to all children aged 5 to 18.
State-funded schools
National Curriculum
Independent schools
The UK boarding school system
- Seven years of school: 05 to 11 years old
- Major goals: achieve basic literacy and numeracy + establish foundations in science, geography, history and other social sciences.
Compulsory National Curriculum subjects:
• English
• maths
• science
• design and technology
• history
• geography
• art and design
• music
• physical education (PE)
• computing
• ancient and modern foreign languages
Schools often also teach:
• personal, social and health education (PSHE)
• citizenship
• modern foreign languages
religious education (RE)
´- Prepare for higher education or vocational training.
- Follows directly after primary education.
- Mostly comprehensive
- Nearly 90% of state-funded secondary schools are specialist schools
- Grammar schools
- Significant minority of state-funded schools are faith schools
Key stage 3
Compulsory national curriculum subjects:
• history
• geography
• design and technology
• art and design
• physical education
• citizenship
Schools must provide religious education (RE) and sex education*
Key stage 4
- During key stage 4 most pupils work towards national qualifications
- The National Curriculum subjects are the ‘core’ and ‘foundation’:
• physical education
• citizenship
- Schools must also offer at least one subject from each of these areas:
• design and technology
• humanities
• modern foreign languages
Schools must provide religious education (RE) and sex education*
- Is education compulsory after age 16?
- Apprenticeship
- What options are available after 16?
- The main qualifications available
part-time education or training or volunteering more than 20 hours a week.
Is education compulsory after age 16?
- From September 2013: education leaving age 17
- From 2015: education leaving age 18
- Young people who carry on learning or training until the age of 18:
earn more money
are likely to be healthier
are less likely to be in trouble
- Young people are required to participate in education or training through either:
full-time education or training, including school, college and home education
work-based learning, such as an Apprenticeship
- System of training a new generation of practitioners of a trade or profession with on-the-job training and often some accompanying study.
1. Enables practitioners to gain a license to practice in a regulated profession.
2. Most of their training is done while working for an employer.
3. Apprenticeships typically last 3 to 6 years
- Structure of apprenticeships in 2000s - there are 03 levels of apprenticeship available:
1. Intermediate Apprenticeship
2. Advanced Apprenticeship
3. Higher Apprenticeship
- International students from 200 nations: 420,000
- Local students: over 2 million. In addition, over 500,000 international students gained a UK qualification outside the UK.
- UK universities and colleges are respected by employers and academics worldwide.
- Historically, all undergraduate education outside the private universities was largely state-financed.
- The state does not control university syllabuses, but it does influence admission procedures through the Office for Fair Access (OfFA)
- UK universities and colleges offer thousands of excellent courses
- There are a number of good scholarship and financial support schemes for UK higher education courses.
- The School Year:
It runs from September to July and is 39 weeks long.
The dates for school terms and holidays are decided by the local authority or the governing body of a school, or by the school itself (independent schools).

- School holidays:
The main school holidays are:
The education system in Wales and Northern Ireland is broadly similar to England. In Wales, all schools teach Welsh and about 25% of schools teach in the Welsh language. In Scotland, education is organized quite differently, with a more flexible curriculum and different qualifications. Some schools teach using Gaelic.

The government currently gives extra funding to schools to help them teach children with English as an additional language.
- To study, to read or to do a subject
"She read biology at Cambridge."
"She studied biology at Cambridge."
"She did biology at Cambridge." (informal)
- To study, to major in a subject
"She majored in biology at Harvard."
"She studied biology at Harvard."
Course: the entire program of study, which may extend over several years
= degree programme

Course: study of a restricted topic or individual subject over a limited period of time = module or unit
For example, a course in Modern History
- Dissertation: the final written product of a doctoral student to fulfill the requirement of that program
- Dissertation: the final written product of a student in an undergraduate or taught master's programme
- Postgraduate student: a student who pursues a master's degree or a doctorate degree in the arts and sciences
- Graduate student: a student who pursues a master's degree or a doctorate degree in the arts and sciences
- A teacher sets an exam
"I sat my Spanish exam yesterday."
"I plan to set a difficult exam for my students, but I don't have it ready yet."
- A teacher writes (prepares) and then gives (administers) an exam.
"I took my exams at Yale."
"II'm almost ready to give the exams to my students."
- Students are awarded marks as credit for requirements
- Students are awarded points or "grades" for the same
- Only degree and above level students can graduate
- To graduate: who finishes studying at any educational institution by passing relevant examinations
- Pupil: more widely used for a young person at primary or secondary school
Student: any person of any age studying at any educational institution or level
- Admissions process: letters of reference or reference forms
- The writers of these letters: referees
- Admissions process: letters of recommendation or recommendation forms
- The writers of these letters: recommenders
3. PhDs/doctorates.
A Doctor of Philosophy, or doctorate is the highest academic level a student can achieve.
These degrees are very demanding and often lead to careers in academia (as a lecturer or researcher).
- They began changing the structure of the school and higher education systems.
National Curriculum subjects + a few specialist branches of knowledge
(b) To any special educational needs he may have, either by regular attendance at school or otherwise."
(a) To his age, ability and aptitude, and
"The parent of every child of compulsory school age shall cause him to receive efficient full-time education suitable:
- Some 93% of children between the ages of 03 and 18 are in education in state-funded schools without charge.
- Since 1998, there have been six main types of state funded school in England
1. Academy schools
2. Community schools
3. Free schools
4. Foundation schools
5. Voluntary Aided schools
6. Voluntary Controlled schools
- More than half are owned by the Local Authority, though many are (nominally) voluntary controlled and some are voluntary aided. There are many excellent state schools.
State-funded schools
National Curriculum
- State schools in England must teach a range of subjects according to targets set by the National Curriculum.
- The National Curriculum covers learning for all children aged 5-16 in state schools, and sets out:
- This was established in 1989 to ensure the same standards of teaching and learning across the nation.
which subjects should be taught;
the knowledge, skills and understanding students should achieve in each subject;
targets - teachers can measure how well students are doing in each subject;
Independent schools
- The teachers are not required or regulated by law to have official teaching qualifications.
- They have an excellent reputation for high standards of teaching and learning
- Almost all pupils go on to prestigious universities when they leave.
- Approximately 7% of school children in England attend privately run, fee-paying independent schools.
- Some independent schools are known as 'public schools'
- Today most independent schools are highly selective on academic, financial and social grounds
- Some schools offer scholarships for those with particular skills or aptitudes, or bursaries
- Independent schools do not have to follow the National Curriculum
Boarding schools
- Residential schools for children and teenagers up to the age of 18
- Offer internationally recognized qualifications
- There are approximately 500 boarding schools across United Kingdom.
- In 2013, over 24,000 students from around the world came to the UK to live and study at a boarding school
- Outstanding education, helping students to develop skills and progress to university.
- Those schools have to meet strict UK government standards
Boarding school system
- There is a mix of international pupils and local
- Most boarding schools are co-educational, teaching both boys and girls
- There are also many single-sex schools too
- Each school sets its own fees.
- Many pupils at UK boarding schools study on a scholarship or bursary.
- A wide range of internationally-recognized qualifications are offered in a variety of subjects
- Each school sets its own entry requirements.
- The first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood
modern foreign languages
• science
- Core subjects are:
• English
• maths
- Foundation subjects are:
What options are available after 16?
Learn new skills
•Stay at school,
Go to college
Take up an apprenticeship or
Take up a part-time training course.
Earn money
The main qualifications available
- Qualifications can be academic, vocational or skills-related
- Qualifications are grouped together into 09 different levels and each level corresponds to a particular qualification’s degree of difficulty
- Qualifications can cover a huge range of subjects and take different amounts of time to complete:
Diplomas: providing the background for a range of careers
Vocational qualifications: for young people who already know what career they want to follow and need training for specific jobs
A levels: offered as specific mainly academic subjects
International Baccalaureate: offering a wider range of subjects than A levels
The General Certificate of Secondary Education
- Definition: an academically rigorous, internationally recognized qualification awarded in a specified subject
- By whom: the government of the United Kingdom
- Target Audience: pupils in secondary education in England, Wales and Northern Ireland
- Length: over two years.
- When: people may apply to take GCSEs at any point either internally through an institution or externally.
- Next: A Level courses or the BTEC Level 3 and International Baccalaureate.
AS and A levels
The General Certificate of Education Advanced Level
•- Definition: a school leaving qualification offered for 16-19 year olds
- Target audience: students completing secondary or pre-university education.
-Benefits: highly valued by universities and employers
- Focus: on academic subjects, although some are work-related.
- Length: over two years
- Structure: split into two parts : AS Level + A2 Level = A Level qualification.
- Next: university entrance.
- Benefits: work-orientated skills in a more creative way = practical training + work experience.
- Definition: a qualification
- Target audience: 14-19 year olds
- Goals: provide more options for practical learning, and to encourage more young people to continue studying.
- Next: a job, future training, or university
- It’s possible to study a diploma at four levels
How are Diplomas different from A levels?
- The student develops skills that are more directly relevant to the world of work than A levels.
- Diplomas involve lots of project work and problem-solving.
- Every diploma involves work experience too.
International Baccalaureate (IB)
- Definition: a challenging and well-rounded programme of education and internationally recognized course
- Target audience: 16-19-year-old students.
- Benefits: it is very well-respected by universities and is also an advantage to study overseas.
- It offers a broader programme of study than A levels
- IB students complete assessment tasks in school and take written exams at the end of the programme.
- There are 03 compulsory subjects and 06 additional subjects
Course entry requirements
- Every UK higher education course sets its own entry requirements.
-For undergraduate courses it is needed to have achieved further education qualifications in related subjects.
- For postgraduate courses it’s needed to have achieved a relevant undergraduate qualification.
- Work experience may count towards entry to a course.
- The main qualifications offered are:
3. Diploma of Higher Education:
Two year, full-time DipHE courses
They can be academic, but are mainly linked to a particular job or profession
1. Bachelor’s or undergraduate degree:
Academic study designed to help students gain a thorough understanding of a subject.
Full-time, this normally takes three years to complete (four in some cases).
Degrees are classified as either Ordinary or Honors
2. Foundation degree:
This may be studied full- or part-time
Academic study + relevant work-based learning undertaken with an employer.
4. Certificate of Higher Education:
Focuses on either a particular job or profession, or academic study.
They are the most basic level of qualification that can be gained in higher education
Show that the student is capable of studying successfully at university level.
You can use a CertHE to gain confidence to study successfully at university level,
Change careers or progress your current career or
To achieve a foundation degree, DipHE or full honours degree through additional study.
Subjects and modules
- Most higher education courses have a ‘modular’ structure.
- It's possible to decide for yourself how much time you would like to spend on each subject.
- Study modes
Most full-time undergraduate courses take three years to complete
Full-time postgraduate courses can be from one year upwards.
Part-time courses are normally taken over a longer period
It’s also possible to study by distance learning or by joining a UK overseas campus.
- The standard academic year starts in September or October and runs until June or July.
- Some courses include a year of working in industry
Postgraduate level
- The main qualifications offered are:
1. Master's degree.
A master’s qualification allows you to further your knowledge in a particular subject, or to go in a completely different direction,
A master’s degree is an academic qualification awarded to individuals who successfully demonstrate a higher level of expertise in a particular field of study.
You can study one in almost any subject, but there are two main types of master’s: taught and research.
2. MBA courses: Master of Business Administration
An internationally recognized qualification
Gives you the skills you need for a successful management career.
4. Postgraduate diplomas and qualifications.
For those wishing to continue their studies beyond an undergraduate degree.
Allow students to study something new or build on the skills and knowledge already gained during their first degree.

5. Professional and vocational qualifications.
Usually taken to improve skills or gain attributes required by specific jobs.
Most will involve practical training, giving the opportunity to experience a job first-hand.
- UK undergraduate and postgraduate courses are generally shorter than in other countries.
- This helps to keep tuition fees and living expenses down.
- Tuition fees for UK higher education courses vary
- For undergraduate students from the EU/EEA, these are the maximum tuition fees (but many institutions charge less):
In England and Wales, up to £9,000 per year
In Northern Ireland, up to £3,575 per year
In Scotland, tuition is free.
- For all postgraduate students, tuition fees vary by course provider.
3. Summer 6 weeks
1. Christmas 2 weeks
2. Spring 2 weeks
Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland
What if English isn’t our first language?
- What help is available?
Schools are used to helping families where English is an additional language. A recent survey found that one in seven primary school pupils learns English as an additional language.
After this, children are supported in the classroom. Many schools employ bilingual teaching assistants, especially if several children speak the same first language.
Current policy is to integrate new children into the classroom as quickly as possible, even if they have little English. In some schools, complete beginners are placed in special classes for English tuition for some periods, or full-time for the first few weeks.
- Student: people studying at a post-secondary educational institution
Local government authorities are responsible for implementing policy for public education and state-funded schools at a local level
and how information on students progress should be passed on to parents.
*Schools must provide religious education (RE) and sex education from key stage 3 and 4 but parents can ask for their children to be taken out of the whole lesson or part of it.
•develop the ability to communicate with people from different countries and cultures.
•develop a sense of identity and culture;
•ask challenging and thoughtful questions;
•explore what it is to learn;
The IB will aim to teach people:
Vocational qualifications and BTECs: designed to lead to either a job or futher study
GCSE: an academically rigorous, internationally recognized qualification awarded in a specified subject
During a first degree students are known as undergraduates.
The typical first degree offered: the bachelor's degree (3 yeasrs)
Many institutions now offer an undergraduate master's degree as a first degree (4 years).
Higher education includes: both the teaching and the research activities of universities, and within the realm of teaching.
University of Cambridge
University of Oxford
University of St. Andrews
Imperial College London
London School of Economics
Durham University
University of Exeter
The University of Warwick
University College London
University of Bath
- To take an exam or to sit an exam
- To take an exam
- Revise (for)
- Review (for)
"Costs and Scholarships." UK Schools –. Web. 1 Aug. 2015. <http://www.educationuk.org/global/articles/boarding-schools-costs-scholarships/>.
"A-level." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. Web. 30 July 2015. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A-level#United_Kingdom>.
"Apprenticeship." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. Web. 30 July 2015. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apprenticeship#Structure_of_apprenticeships_in_2000s>.
"Cambridge in Numbers." YouTube. YouTube. Web. 17 Sept. 2015. <
"College." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. Web. 30 July 2015. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/College>.
"Comparison of American and British English." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. Web. 30 July 2015. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_American_and_British_English#Education>.
"English as an Additional Language." BBC News. BBC. Web. 30 July 2015. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/parents/english_as_additional_language/>.
"Education in England." Education in England. Web. 27 July 2015. <http://www.familylearning.org.uk/education_in_england.html>.
"Education in England - Life and Culture." Education in England - Life and Culture. Web. 27 July 2015. <http://projectbritain.com/education/index.html>.
"National Curriculum." - GOV.UK. Web. 27 July 2015. <https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/national-curriculum>.
"Great Education of Great Britain." YouTube. YouTube. Web. 17 July 2015. <
"Higher Education Courses and Qualifications." Higher Education – Courses and Qualifications. Web. 1 Aug. 2015. <http://www.educationuk.org/global/articles/higher-education-courses-qualifications/>.
"Higher Education Courses: Find and Apply." - GOV.UK. Web. 1 Aug. 2015. <https://www.gov.uk/higher-education-courses-find-and-apply>.
"Higher Education – Costs and Scholarships." Higher Education – Costs and Scholarships. Web. 1 Aug. 2015.
"Higher Education – Entry Requirements." Higher Education – Entry Requirements. Web. 1 Aug. 2015. <http://www.educationuk.org/global/articles/higher-education-entry-requirements/>.
"Higher Education – Introduction." Higher Education – Introduction. Web. 1 Aug. 2015. <http://www.educationuk.org/global/articles/higher-education-introduction/>.
"Higher Education – Introduction." Higher Education – Introduction. Web. 1 Aug. 2015. <http://www.educationuk.org/global/articles/higher-education-introduction/>.
"International Baccalaureate." BBC News. BBC. Web. 30 July 2015. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/parents/international_baccalaureate/>.
"Introduction to UK Boarding Schools." Boarding Schools – Introduction. Web. 1 Aug. 2015. <http://www.educationuk.org/global/articles/boarding-schools-introduction/>.
"Learn English Free." The British Education System. Web. 27 July 2015. <http://www.learnenglish.de/culture/educationculture.html>.
"Top Universities in the UK 2015." SI-UK Education Council. Web. 2 Aug. 2015. <http://www.studyin-uk.com/uk-study-info/top-uk-universities/>.
"Qualification Types (UK)." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. Web. 30 July 2015. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qualification_types_(UK)>.
"Scholarships and Financial Support." Scholarships and Financial Support. Web. 1 Aug. 2015. <http://www.educationuk.org/global/articles/scholarships-financial-support/>.
"Staying in Education or Training until You Are 18." Skill.org.uk Young People’s Website. Web. 29 July 2015. <http://www.skill.org.uk/youth/page.aspx?c=309&p=430>.
"The Boarding School System, Subjects and Qualifications." The UK Boarding School System. Web. 1 Aug. 2015. <http://www.educationuk.org/global/articles/uk-boarding-school-system/>.
"The National Curriculum." - GOV.UK. Web. 30 July 2015. <https://www.gov.uk/national-curriculum/overview>.
"The Problem with UK's Education System (17Nov10)." YouTube. YouTube. Web. 17 Sept. 2015. <
"Why Choose UK Higher Education?" Higher Education –. Web. 1 Aug. 2015. <http://www.educationuk.org/global/articles/why-choose-higher-education/>.
"UK Higher Education System." Kaplan International Colleges University Foundation and Preparation. Web. 1 Aug. 2015. <http://www.kic.org.uk/pathways/study-uk/education-uk/uk-education-system/>.
"UK University Course Search." SI-UK Education Council. Web. 1 Aug. 2015. <http://www.studyin-uk.com/course-search/>.
"UK Teaching and Education." UK Teaching and Education. Web. 1 Aug. 2015. <http://www.educationuk.org/global/articles/teaching-and-education/>.
"Universities and Colleges." Higher Education –. Web. 1 Aug. 2015. <http://www.educationuk.org/global/articles/higher-education-universities-colleges/>.
"Vocational Qualifications." BBC News. BBC. Web. 30 July 2015. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/parents/vocational_qualifications/>.
"What Happens after the Age of 16?" BBC News. BBC. Web. 30 July 2015. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/parents/education_after_16/>.
"What's Education For?" YouTube. YouTube. Web. 17 Sept. 2015. <
Full transcript