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Mesoamerican Civilizations

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by

Erin Cole

on 4 February 2013

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Transcript of Mesoamerican Civilizations

Incan
Empire By: Erin Cole & Whitney Munch Incan Army - state built on war - all young men required to serve - 200,000 members - largest and best armed in the region Political Structure - carefully regulated control of new territories - noble of high rank sent out to govern new region Political Structure Well-Organized Empire - empire divided into 4 quarters &
each ruled by a governor - quarters were divided into provinces
with their own governor - each province contained about
10,000 residents - emperor was at the top of the
entire system Social Structure - men & women chose a partner
from their own social class - women stayed home to care for
children and weave cloth Religion - worshiped many nature gods and goddesses - members of the royal family were
believed to be descendants of the
first emperor - on the shortest day of the year the
Inca would celebrate the feast of
inti-raymi - believed Earth was consisted of four
different regions Intellect / Inventions - Quipu - Calendars - Musical Instruments (panpipe) Economy - agricultural land and labor - mines producing precious medals
such as gold, silver, and copper - barter system Art - pottery that featured geometric
designs - silver alpacas - wove beautiful textiles from the
fur of alpacas References / Works Cited http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=map+of+the+incan+empire&FORM=HDRSC2#view=detail&id=0C9810060716284F79451C10D7F9AF8DADC31804&selectedIndex=24 http://library.thinkquest.org/5058/incaart.htm http://incas.mrdonn.org/inventions.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inca_religion Glencoe World History Book Rise of the Empire Progress of the Empire Achievements of the Empire Conquest of the Empire Progress of the Empire Decline of the Empire Inca people collected a huge ransom of gold in attempt to free their leader, but Pizarro took the gold and executed Atahualpa anyway & thus began the end of the Inca Empire. Other contributions to the fall of the Empire was the smallpox epidemic and the civil war between Atahualpa and his brother. http://www.about-peru-history.com/inca-civilization.html Architecture was considered to be the greatest achievement of the Inca Empire. They built their buildings by placing stones together in a tight fashion. This method made the structure extremely resistant to seismic activity. They also had a complex system of roads. For the first 200 years the Inca were small group of people; however around 1438 the Emperor Pachacuti's aggressive military expansion turned the Inca civilization into the most powerful in the nation in South America. The capital was set up at Cuzco. The empire lasted about 300 years. The Battle of Cajamarca was the first step in a long campaign that took decades of fighting but ended in spanish victory and colonization. The people of the Inca Empire made progress in the agricultural technology to prepare fields for farming with irrigation systems for the maize which was the base of their economy. Pizarro - polytheistic - Inti, sun god - reincarnation - sacrifices made to delay the end of the world -children from ages 6-15 - Draw Bridges - Food Storage System - simple weapons: clubs, bows and swords - stepped system of farming called
terrace farming - men dominated the household 1. Sapa Inca (Monarch)
2. nobles & priests
3. soldiers
4. slaves & peasants Atahaulpa
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