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Nadia Gonzaga

on 16 October 2013

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Transcript of IRELAND

Historical Roots
located in Western Europe
bordered by:
the Atlantic Ocean
the Irish Sea
the Celtic Sea
land area is 68,890 square kilometres
area is divided into:
the "Republic of Ireland"
"Northern Ireland"
Geography: Land
temperate maritime
cooler, windy North Atlantic coasts
mild winters and cool summers
usually humid with overcasts
heaviest rainfall on the Western hills
Geography: Climate
coastal sea cliffs
rugged hills and low mountains
central, interior plain
numerous rivers extending inland that are easy to navigate in
Geography: Terrain
around 4,775,982 people
Canada has a greater population of 34,568,211
87.4% are of Irish ethnicity
44.4% are between the ages of 25-54 years
In Canada, 41.4% are between the ages of 25-54 years
Literacy rate is 99%
Canada's literacy rate is also 99%
population growth rate is 1.16%
Canada's population growth rate is less at 0.77%
Politics and Government
Ireland is a republic, parliamentary democracy
the President is the head of state and has certain constitutional powers
the Taioseach is the head of government and is the leader of the major political party
parliamentary elections are held every seven years and a president can only be re-elected once by the people
independence from UK on December 06, 1921
politically divided into:
Republic of Ireland
Northern Ireland (part of UK)
Prehistoric Times
Ireland was inhabited in 6000 B.C.
seafarers survived on fishing, hunting, gathering, farming, and pottery
there was an economic collapse in 2500 B.C.
people began metalworking with bronze to produce tools and weapons
people mined for copper
the economy was based on subsistence farming
Vikings arrived in 795 AD and caused internal clashes until 1014 when they were defeated
17th Century
there were two civil wars between Great Britain because the British wanted to topple Ireland's economic foundations
The Great Irish (potato) Famine caused 400,000 deaths and led to the Irish rebellion in 1798
the population decreased because of migration
more infrastructural development arose
19th Century
1801: post-rebellion, a merge of Britain and Ireland was created and called the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland"
the economy was strong, yet there was a steady decline in the decades after 1801
two million people immigrated to North America after the famine, weakening the economy
20th-21st Century
the economy grew fast in the 1990s
Ireland had the most reduced unemployment in history
Ireland experienced an economic boom called the "Celtic Tiger," because of the growth that was more than double of any other country in Europe
Ireland, unfortunately, experienced a recession in 2008, which led to high rates of unemployment
Irish Economy
mixed economy
has private freedom, combined with economic freedom and government regulation
the state provides rail and road transport, air transport, certain TV and radio stations, electricity system, peat industry, and health insurance
citizens are allowed to have private businesses and can make choices in the economy
Canada also has a mixed economy where property rights are protected and an independent judiciary enforces anti-corruption measures
modern, trade-dependent system
export sector is dominated by foreign multinational trade but Ireland's major trading partner is the UK
from 2000, the size of internationally traded goods have increased by 5.3%
in 2012, the annual GDP amounted to 164 billion euros; the value of traded goods was a large amount: 191% of the GDP
Canada's international trade growth of 2012 was 2.7%; the country's greatest trade partner is with the United States of America, which plays a key role in stabilizing the economy
Canada has established open-market, flexible policies that encourage global trade
Ireland's economy can be defined as democratic capitalism
there is an opportunity for private ownership within the mixed economy
the state leaders are chosen by the people and exist to provide services that the public cannot address
the economy is situated more towards the right
between centre and right wing, towards capitalism
between liberalism and socialism
Ireland's Natural Resources
agricultural resources:
barley, potatoes, wheat, beef, dairy products
other resources:
natural gas, peat, copper, lead, zinc, silver, barite, gypsum, limestone, dolomite
Ireland's Capital Resources
industrial resources:
pharmaceuticals, chemicals, computer hardware and software, food products, beverages and brewing, medical devices
machinery and equipment, computers, chemicals, medical devices, food products, animal products
Canada's Natural Resources
agricultural resources:
wheat, barley, oilseed, tobacco, fruits, vegetables, dairy products, fish, forest products
other resources:
gold, silver, uranium, nickel, copper, lead, zinc, magnesium, coal, oil, gas
Canada's Capital Resources
industrial resources:
transportation equipment, chemicals, processed and unprocessed minerals, food products, wood and paper products, fish products, petroleum and natural gas
motor vehicles and parts, industrial machinery, aircraft, telecommunications equipment, chemicals, plastics, fertilizers, wood pulp, timber, crude petroleum, natural gas, electricity, aluminum
Ireland's Crop Production (000 tonnes) 2012
Natural Resources
Canada`s Crop Production (000 tonnes) 2012
Canada's Labour Force (%)
Ireland's Labour Force (%)
This graph shows Ireland's unemployment rates from the years 1998-2009. Unemployment greatly increased in 2008-2009, during the recession.
Chief of State
President Michael D. Higgins
Head of Government
Prime Minister Enda Kenny
Canada on the Economic Spectrum
Canada has a mixed, market-oriented economic system
private ownership is prevalent within in society
the government provides the services that the people cannot reach, such as: health care and public transit
individualism exists so people have freedom to choose within the market
Canada is situated a little off of centre and slightly to the right
the government system is democratic and is to the right of liberalism
Canada is democratic because people have individual rights and freedoms, and political choice as well
CSO-Central Statistics Office
This graph shows the Ireland's crop production in million tonnes. The resources include potatoes, barley, wheat, and oats.
Barley has the greatest amount of at 1260.7 million tonnes
Wheat has the second greatest amount at 707.9 million tonnes
Potatoes are amounted to 232 million tonnes and oats have a total of 156.5 million tonnes
Statistics Canada
This graph shows Canada's variety of crop production in million tonnes.
Wheat is the greatest crop amount at 33 million tonnes
Canola is the second greatest amout at 16 million tonnes
Corn for grain is 12.9 million tonnes, barley is 9.2 million tonnes, oats are 3.2 million tonnes, and soybeans are 3 million tonnes
Ireland has greater agricultural production over Canada. Although Canada's wheat production at 33 million tonnes is the greatest in the graph, Ireland's wheat production is vastly larger at 707.9 million tonnes. Ireland also exceeds the amount of barley at 1260.7 million tonnes. Therefore, Ireland is more inclined in its natural resources to support their economy over Canada.
Capital Resources
CSO-Central Statistics Office
This graph depicts Ireland's industrial production value in euros. Pharmaceutical products has the greatest value followed by food products and electronic equipment. This shows that Ireland's main production factors are medicine, agriculture, and technology.
This graph depicts Canada's industrial production value in dollars. Transportation equipment manufacturing is the greatest industry followed by petroleum and coal and fabricated metal. This statistics show that Canada's main industries are in technology, mining, and metals.
Ireland's and Canada's industrial production values vary in regards to certain products. Ireland specializes in medicine and agriculture, whereas Canada specializes in mining and metal fabrication. Canada has different geography and land terrain that allows opportunities for mining. And Ireland has terrain that provides an excellent base for agriculture. However, both countries have relatively high technology production amounts. This shows that each society and economy has established an important production sector that is useful and beneficial on a worldwide scale.
Human Resources
CIA Factbook
This graph shows the percentage of Ireland's labour force in specific sectors.
the greatest amount of labour is found in Services at 76%
Industry is second at 19% of the labour force
Agriculture is the smallest percent at 5% of the labour force
CIA Factbook
This graph shows the percentage of Canada's labour force in the various sectors.
Services has the greatest amount at 76% of the labour force
In second, is Manufacturing at 13% of the force
Construction is 6%, Other sectors are 3%, and Agriculture is the smallest at 2%
Both countries have the same percentage of the labour force in Services at 76%. Industry and manufacturing is the second greatest in both graphs, and agriculture has the smallest percentage of the forces. Canada has a vaster variety of sectors in comparison to Ireland. Canada includes construction and some other jobs, and therefore, demonstrates the more developed, structured economy. Agriculture used to be Ireland' s most important sector, however, industry and services have currently surpassed the sector and now are a key component in the economy.
Human Resources
Statistics Canada
This graph shows the percentage of Ireland's labour force that is either employed or unemployed. Ireland has an unemployment rate of 14.7% and an employment rate of 85.3%. These statistics demonstrate a factor of Ireland's stable economy. With more than half the population employed, the economy can thrive and continue to be sustained.
This graph shows the percentage of Canada's labour force that is employed or unemployed. 92.7% of the force are employed, while only 7.3% are unemployed. These statistics show that Canada has a stable economy as well with near 100% of the labour force working to keep the economy strong.
Judging from the two graphs, Canada has a more stable economy than Ireland. Canada has more people employed at 92.7% and has a smaller unemployment rate at 7.3% in comparison to Ireland. In Canada, there is a greater opportunity to obtain jobs due to a more active market that produces a variety of useful products to trade and sell.
unemployment rate is 14.7%
Canada's unemployment rate is lower at 7.3%
GDP-per capita is $42,600
Canada's GDP-per capita is greater at $43,400
poverty rate is 5.5%
Canada has a higher poverty rate of 9.4%
Budget deficit: -7.5% of GDP
Canada has a smaller deficit at -3.7% of GDP
Statistics of the Economies
Canada's terrain allows for the utilization of certain natural resources that Ireland does not have, such as: fish and forest products. However, both countries have a reserve of natural metals an ores that play a significant role in trade with other nations.
Industrial Resources
Both countries have a large, diverse amount of industrial resources and products such as: medical devices, transportation equipment, and food products. However, Canada has a greater amount of exports listed including: motor parts, aircraft, and timber. These products are heavily traded between foreign nations and the demands boost Canada's economy so it grows while remaining stable.
In Ireland, the total tourism earnings have increased by 5.2% from 2012, this amounts to 1,103 million euros (equivalent to $1.5 billion) earned from travel alone
In Canada, tourism earnings increased by 2.3% to $12.3 billion from visitor spending
Canada has a greater tourism earnings than Ireland. Even though Canada's rate has only risen 2.3%, the amount of tourism prevalent in the country is still a high amount. Tourism plays a major role in Canada's economy today, as it does, to a lesser degree, in Ireland's.
Nadia Gonzaga
Block D
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