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Transcript of 1920's
President's During the 1920s
-Warren G. Harding was president 1921 to 1923. He supported a return to "normalcy." He made a poor choice in giving government jobs to corrupt politicians from his home state of Ohio. He died on August 2nd , 1923 due to an illness that his doctors called "Grave".
-Calvin Coolidge was vice-president for Harding and took over after he died. He was president from 1923 to 1929. He supported business and tax laws favorable to business.
Herbert Hoover- He was the 31st president from 1929-1933. He believed strongly in the Efficiency Movement, and he believed in the importance of volunteerism and the role of individuals in society and the economy. He was the first of 2 presidents to redistribute his salary. He tried to combat the Great Depression with governments efforts and public projects like the Hoover Dam, increase in certain taxes, and tarrifs such as the Smoot- Hawley Tarrif.
Changes for Women in the 1920's
Women's Suffrage- the right for women to vote
The 18th amendment made it illegal to sell liquor in the United States
The 19th Amendment gave women the right to vote
The 21st Amendment repealed or got rid of the 18th Amendment
Flappers-modern women of the 1920s, who defied the morals and restrictions of the earlier generation; these girls were known to "bob" their hair, wear short skirts and dramatic makeup
Carrie Chapman Catt- succeeded Susan B. Anthony as president of the National American Women Suffrage Association, she is largely responsible for finally achieving Women's suffrage in 1920
Black Scare- The movement of Southern Blacks into Northern Cities during the early 1900's caused fear in many whites
Red Scare-Anti-Communist feelings that swept throughout America in the 1920's
Klu Klux Klan (KKK)- Originally started after the American Civil War this terrorist group enjoyed a 5 million membership rebirth during the 1920's and are still around today
Communism- Economic system when there should be equality between all work
Palmer Raids-President Woodrow Wilson's attorney general who went on a witch hunt for communist. His name was A. Mitchel Palmer.
Xenophobia- A fear and hatred of foreigners
Amendment- a change in the words or meaning of a law or document
18th Amendment- Amendment to the Constitution that made it legal to sell liquor in the United States
19th Amendment- Amendment to the Constitution that gave women the right to vote
21st Amendment- Amendment to the Constitution that repealed the 18th
Al Capone- Know as "Scarface" this infamous Italian-American Gangster who a fortune selling illegal liquor during the twenties
Rumrunner- Nickname for ships that brought illegal liquor to the U.S. from foreign suppliers
Speakeasy- illegal drinking places
Bootlegger- Nickname for people who sold illegal liquor
example: Al Capone
Music and Arts
Louis Armstrong- the king of Jazz trumpets who created a new style which gave his horn a voice-like quality
Harlem Renaissance- a period of black cultural rebirth and artistic endeavor in Harlem, New York City
F. Scott Fitzgerald- An American writer who captured the people and the frantic times of the twenties
Duke Ellington- Composer of Jazz and the Blues that combined his African heritage, European atonal theory, and Western classical traditions
Jazz- Original American form of music based on blues, ragtime, spirituals, and other popular music, which allows musicians to improvise
Bessie Smith- She is considered to be the most popular and successful blues singers of the 1920s and perhaps the most influential performers in blues history
Walt Disney- produced the first animated film in 1928 and he also created Mickey Mouse
Babe Ruth- a Major League Baseball pitcher and outfielder who played for 22 seasons on three teams, from 1914 through 1935. Also Known as the great Bambino
Negro League Baseball- United States professional baseball leagues comprising teams predominantly made up of African Americans and, to a lesser extent, Latin Americans
Josh Gibson- an American catcher in baseball's Negro leagues
Joe Louis- an American professional boxer and the World Heavyweight Champion from 1937 to 1949. He is considered to be one of the greatest heavyweights of all time
Satchel Paige- an American baseball player whose pitching in the Negro leagues and in Major League Baseball made him a legend in his own lifetime
Warren G. Harding
Walt Disney holding
Louis Armstrong playing
Bessie Smith singing
Klu Klux Klan (KKK)
Propaganda for Palmer Raids
A. Mitchel Palmer
Speakeasy & Flappers
Susan B. Anthony
The Scopes Trial- Famous Trial to determine whether or not a Tennessee Law that prohibited the teaching of evolution in public schools was constitutional
Sacco/ Vanzetti Trial- Italian immigrants who were anarchist, accused, convicted and sentenced to death for the murder of a paymaster and his guard
Leopold/ Loeb- were two wealthy University of Chicago law students who kidnapped and murdered 14-year-old Robert Franks in 1924 in Chicago
Sacco and Vanzetti
Great 1920's Achievements
Charles Lindbergh- an American aviator, author, inventor, explorer, and social activist who made the first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean on May 20-21, 1927
Robert Goddard- an American professor, physicist, and inventor who is credited with creating and building the world's first liquid-fueled rocket, which he successfully launched on March 16, 1926
First Commercial Radio Broadcast Aired on November 2nd, 1920. They aired on station KDKA, it made the nation's first commercial broadcast, they chose that date because it was election day, and the power of radio was proven when people could hear the results of the Harding-Cox presidential race before they read about it in the newspaper
Video of Lindberghs Flight
Lingo of the Twenties
Ally- C'mon dames lets go get the cat's meow bob
Grace- Are we getting dolled up tonight?
Emma- Yes, we are! Let's go meet some copacetic darbs!
Grace- Okay, lets grab a bootleg before we go and lets make sure we dont get caught by the bulls!
Ally- Baloney, just don't take any wooden nickels!
Emma- I've heard an earful, lets scram tomatoes.
Grace- While we are lookin' spiffy lets stop at the speakeasy!
Ally- Yes, we can meet some swell darbs!
Emma- Okay, lets have a nifty time!
Video of Dancing Flappers