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Conversion of Chicken Feathers to Biofuel

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Heather Morrison

on 30 April 2014

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Transcript of Conversion of Chicken Feathers to Biofuel

1. Introduction
Chicken Feather meal biodiesel
from any chicken from any farm or poultry industry worldwide
2. History
Heather Morrison
3. Exploration
4. Production
As environmental pressures increase, it would be more useful for biodiesel to run on waste products rather than a food source
History shows that biodiesel production technology has increased overtime
Chicken waste is an available resource due to our poultry based diets
Chicken feather biodiesel is not time consuming nor does it require numerous materials
Main benefits = made from waste and is available worldwide
Major problem = failed the EPA's test, meaning that it is not commercially viable
In conclusion, it is not a possible solution for the future bio diesel industry
M. Key, Dickinson College
5. Benefits
6. Problems
7. Conclusion
8. Acknowledgments
Big Picture
Bio diesel in the United States is mainly composed of valuable food stocks, such as soy, corn,canola and cottonseed oil.
The demand for these resources is predicted to increase exponentially
Need to find an alternative nonfood resource that is cheap and abundant
Chicken Feather Meal
Professor Misra and his research team discovered that biodiesel could also be composed from extracting the fats from chicken feather meal.
WHat is feather meal?
produced through hydrolysis
composed of processed chicken feathers, blood, and organs
used as animal feed and as fertilizer
The goal of this presentation is to review the processes involved in the conversion of feather meal to biodiesel fuel and to evaluate
the pros outweigh the cons in the production process.
1890 -
Rudolph Diesel invented the first diesel engine

converted the vegetable oils into fatty acid alkyl esters to ease the burning process and to replace diesel fuel
the first biodiesel plant for the production of recyclable cooking oils in the USA
2009 -
conversion of chicken meal into biodiesel
11 billion pounds of poultry industry waste accumulates annually
If technology expands worldwide, it could potentially produce 593.2 million gallons of biodiesel,
Where is it found?
1. Chicken fat is a low cost compared to high grade vegetable oil
2. worldwide available resource
1. Technology can be expanded to other poultry industries
2. Results in higher-grade animal feed and a nitrogen rich fertilizer
3. Relatively basic materials
1. Could result in reducing the demand for foreign oil and help solve further petroleum demands
2. Green process
3. Removes waste and a non-food stock product

1. Currently still in experimental phase
2. Failed the EPAs's test - fuel did not pass all the battery tests to be marketed as a fuel for use in diesel engine

1. product is limited to currently to animal food and nitrogen fertilizer
2. Animals would need a different food source
3. Cost for chemical materials and machinery
Gurasala, N., V, A., Balan, A., and Athreya, S., "Optimization of Waste Chicken Fat Pre-Treatment Process for Biodiesel Production," SAE Technical Paper 2013-32-9131, 2013.

(Kondamudi et al, 2009)
1. Production requires energy to heat up water
2. Requires a lot of water
Full transcript