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Melba Pattillo Beals: Her Story
Transcript of Melba Pattillo Beals: Her Story
Melba Pattillo Beals: Her Story
Born on December 17th 1941, on Pearl Harbor Day
Her mother is Lois Marie Pattillo
Her father is Howell Pattillo
Her mother was an English Teacher and her father worked for the Missouri Pacific Railroad company
Her brother, Conrad Pattillo, served as a U.S Marshal
The family lived with their grandmother, India Peyton
She went to Horace Mann High School and transferred to Little Rock Central High School
Her parents divorced when she was seven years old
In August 1957, she took a trip to Cincinnati Ohio to visit relatives and she was inspired by how well she was treated
Rosa Parks inspired Beals when she refused to give up her seat on December 1st, 1955
Little Rock Central High
September 25th 1957- The first day of school at Little Rock Central High School when Integration was allowed
The first day of school for the Little Rock Nine
Governor Orval Faubus didn't want to desegregate schools, he used his power of Governor to blockade the entrance to the school with the National Gaurd
President Eisenhower sent the National Guard to Protect the Little Rock Nine against the protesters
Little Rock Nine
The Original Nine Students who Integrated Little Rock Central High
The Students are: Melba Pattillo Beals, Carlotta Walls Lanier, Minnijean Brown Trickey,Jefferson Thomas, Dr. Terrance Roberts, Ernest Green, Elizabeth Eckford, Gloria Ray Karlmark, Thelma Mothershed-Wair
Little Rock Nine Foundation
Established in February 1999
Improves its cause by providing financial support to worthy students
It also urges the National Government to have quality education all over the U.S.
All of the nine students contribute to the foundations cause
All of the Little Rock Nine received the Congressional Gold Medal in 1999
Spingarn Medal in 1958 by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
Bill Clinton awarded the Little Rock Nine with the Nations Highest Civilian Award
Melba Beals is now a journalist and a motivational speaker
The Little Rock Nine had a big role in the civil rights movement
Played a big role in our schools today
Bullard, Sara. "Article." "Free At Last" New York, New York: Oxford UP, 1993. 20-21. Print
Scott, Paula Pyzik, and Mark Lane. "Melba Pattillo Beals" Contemporary Black Biography. Ed. Margaret Mazurkiewicz. Vol. 94. Detriot: Gale, 2012. Biography in Context. Web. 23 Oct. 2013.
""Melba Pattillo Beals (1941-)." Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture. N.p., n.d. Web. Oct.-Nov. 2013
"::: Little Rock Nine FoundationÂ® ::: Home." ::: Little Rock Nine FoundationÂ® ::: Home. Little Rock Nine Foundation, 2011. Web. 12 Oct. 2013.
“Little Rock Nine." Little Rock Central High 40th Anniversary. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Oct. 2013.
"Little Rock Central High 40th Anniversary." Little Rock Central High 40th Anniversary. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Oct. 2013
"Melba Pattillo Beals." Scholastic.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2013.
"I thought about all those times I'd gone past Central High, wanting to go inside...I reasoned that if schools were open to my people, I would also get access to other opportunities I had been denied... (Beals 1994)