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What will happen in the future for cars?

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Bryan NG

on 7 September 2012

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Transcript of What will happen in the future for cars?

What does the future hold for cars? Will the future car accommodate the population statistics in Australia? What is the best alternate fuel overall? How do cars impact the economy? Engineers have been looking for alternate fuels.

LPG is the best alternate fuel
-It cost about half the price as petrol
-It is clean/ environmental friendly

LPG is a mixture of various petroleum gases, esp propane and butane, stored as a liquid under pressure and used as an engine fuel (thefreedictionary.com)

-It is stored in metal cylinders
-An authorized tank is fitted into the car’s trunk.
-common fuel in countries such as US and India
- Drivers can drive on LPG by switching on a switch that converts from petrol to LPG. For the future car to accommodate the population demographics in Australia, the car must be able to fit approximately 2-4 passengers.
(Census, 2011) What are the social advantages for the future car? - Can operate twice as far and energy efficient as a gasoline powered cars.
- Emits less tailpipe pollutants, greenhouse gas and emissions.
- When the gas is on electric mode it emits no emissions.
- Saves money on gas, tax credit and the need to obtain oil from foreign countries.
- Less frequent gas refills.
- The car has a longer lifespan.
- No different to the conventional car.

(University of Tennessee Chattanooga Center for Energy, Transportation and the Environment, 2012) - The car is heavier and has lower acceleration.

-The extra cost for a specialist in hybrid cars.
-The cost of the batteries.

-The hybrid car batteries are slower
during cold seasons and will delay
the reaction meaning more gas
usage and higher possibility of

-Hybrid electric cars are quieter than the conventional cars. Visually impaired pedestrians are in more danger.

(Green Footsteps, 2010) What are the social disadvantages for the future car? What is the public asking for in the product? Will cars be self driving for a certain distance? Yes people do believe that cars will be self driving
in the distant future, if cars were self driving
it would

- Reduce time of driving by 38 min,
- Cars are less likely to have traffic jams.
(soul skill, 7/3/12)

Adaptive cruise control (ACC) is better at pacing the car ahead without continual brake, speed-up, brake cycles

Electric power steering is better for remote control than mechanical power steering If cars were to self drive in the distant future it would be at low speeds and or good conditions by that i mean the weather and landscape

"Once we have a car that will never crash, why don't we let it drive?" (Boules, 2011) What will be the most popular power source? Chemical batteries store the most power as well as the
batteries are energy effect and a better fuel source for
the environment

Chemical batteries as a popular power source certainly
do not have a negative impact on the environmental, it still seems
to be a big improvement over burning thousands and thousands of
gallons of fossil fuels over the life of one car

Some cars already have the new NiMH batteries more energy efficient cars like
(The new Toyota Prius, new Honda Insight, Ford Fusion hybrid, Nissan Altima hybrid, etc).

“Chemical batteries are the most obvious ways to store electrical power, which can then be used to move a car with one or many electric motors. A lot of progress has been made in the past few decades, from lead-acid batteries to NiMH to Lithium-ion, but that improvement has had a bigger real-world impact on the portable electronics industry than the transportation sector”

(Michael Graham Richard, March 10, 2009) What would be the best alternate fuel source? Alternative fuels are derived from natural resources other,
than petroleum. Alternate fuel sources are better for
the environment in the long period of time

- They produce less pollution than gasoline or diesel
- Ethanol is produced from corn and crops
- Bio diesel is derived from vegetable oils and animal fats
- Natural gas is fossil fuel that pollutants less green house gases
- All gases can become alternate fuels for automobiles in the distant future

some alternate fuels or bio fuels are harvested from crops animal fats and natural oils

“Fossil fuels—including coal, natural gas, and oil—are formed from the fossilized remains of prehistoric plants and animals, and fossil fuels provide about 95% of the world's total energy. Alternative fuels are better for the environment and often better for the economy than fossil fuels. Learn about the controversies and conservation plans surrounding fossil fuels, and explore the alternatives.”
(New York times, 2012) -Cars would tend to be more expensive as of the advancement of technology

-More and more accessories will be added to our cars
-car prices would soar up
-Do we need so much unnecessary technologies?

Top 10 Features Your Next Car Should Have
1. Remote keyless entry
2. OnStar System
3. Anti-lock brakes (ABS)
4. Electronic stability/skid-control system
5. Telescoping steering wheel/adjustable pedals
6. Rear-seat DVD player
7. GPS navigation system
8. Side airbags
(Aaron Gold 2012) Will future cars be affordable?
-Public transport will still be cheaper than cars, even if the cars are on alternate fuel.
-The source of gasoline will eventually run out
-Bad impact of the environment Is petrol too expensive? - Advanced technology
- Motion and Voice Activation
- Energy efficient
- Environmentally friendly
- Connectable to other technologies
(Duff, C, 2012) -In 2012, car developers are in early stages of radical environmental change in the auto industry.
-Cars in 2012 are increasing becoming more environmentally friendly.
-Hybrid and electric cars are now a more popular option.
-Researchers are trying to enhance the car’s batteries by trying to implement electric batteries instead. How environmentally friendly are the
cars in 2012? -Toyota, Hyundai, Mitsubishi and Mazda have been developing concept cars – a car to showcase a new styling or technology – that are using electricity and hybrid methods.
-Developers are trying to use alternative energies such as solar power. Developers want to put solar panels on top of the vehicle.
-Gasoline will no longer be in use or will be used as a back-up source. How are the cars going to be greener? -Employment
-Effect on Customers
-Environmental Costs (John Whitelegg,1995) "The automobile sector accounts for 10% of the employment in the U.S. " (Dennis Hartman, 2012) The Effects of Cars on the Economy "Tech such as this will migrate rapidly to almost everything priced above $35,000." (Paul Gover, PG 22, Herald Sun, Friday, August 24, 2012
"We have seen that rising oil prices, limited supplies and environmental concerns all contribute to the continuing focus on alternative fuels. These are major factors in the recent and continuing growth in the demand for cars using this technology."

(Levi Quinn, 2011) Exterior Interior Bryant, R. 13 June 2009. What will Australia look like in 2020. 24 August 2012. http://www.smartcompany.com.au/economy/20090713-what-will-australia-look-like-in-2020.html

Census. 21 June 2012. Census 2011 Quickstats. 27 August 2012. http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/census_services/getproduct/census/2011/quickstat/0

Demand Media Inc. 2012. The Advantages of Hybrid Cars. 27 August 2012. http://www.livestrong.com/advantages-of-hybrid-cars/#ixzz24hMmv8De

Hill, C. 30 June 2010. The Advantages of Electric and Gas Powered Hybrid Car. 27 August 2012. http://www.livestrong.com/article/158002-the-advantages-of-electric-and-gas-powered-hybrid-cars/

Bartkowski, A. 7 June 2010. Hybrid Car Advantages. 27 August 2010. http://www.livestrong.com/article/141716-hybrid-car-advantages/

Hermes, A. 9 July 2010. Hybrid Car Facts: The Good & The Bad. 27 August 2012. http://www.livestrong.com/article/170258-hybrid-car-facts-the-good-the-bad/

Duff, C. 2012. ‘The Future Car’. The Herald. 24 August. P.2-3 Bibliography

Cars plays a big part in the economy. Bibliography What is the best alternate fuel overall?
-Liquefied petroleum gas, online thesaurus and encyclopaedia (thefreedictionary), 29 August 2012, http://www.thefreedictionary.com/liquefied+petroleum+gas.
-JohnSRoberts99, 25 August 2012, liquefied petroleum gas, encyclopaedia (Wikipedia), 28 August 2012, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liquefied_petroleum_gas
- Jason Chavis, Types of Alternate Fuels, Article (eHow), 28 August 2012, http://www.ehow.com/facts_4886027_types-alternative-fuels.html
- Diana Bocco, 7 September 2010, Pros & Cons of Alternate Fuels Sources, Article (LIVESTRONG.COM), 26 August 2012, http://www.livestrong.com/article/231459-pros-cons-of-alternative-fuel-sources/

How do cars impact the economy?
-Dennis Harmann, 16 June 2012, The Effects of Cars on the Economy, article (eHow), 1 September 2012
-John Whitelagg, 29 August 2012, The Environmental Cost of the Car, article (LEAD Action NEWS), 2 September 2012, http://www.lead.org.au/lanv3n2/lanv3n2-4.html

Will future cars be affordable?
-Paul Gover, PG 22, Herald Sun, Friday, August 24, 2012
- Onstar home page (OnStar), 30 August 2012, https://www.onstar.com/web/fmv/home
-Aaron Gold, Top 10 Features Your Next Car Should Have, article (About.com), 31 August 2012,
Is petrol too expensive?
-Murray Wardrop, 28 December 2010, Petrol: why is it so expensive?, newspaper article ( the telegraph), 31 August 2012,
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/energy/fuel/8227679/Petrol-why-is-it-so-expensive.html Reason:
Petrol refining companies and investment banks can push the price of petrol higher through speculation.

This is when they invest in the commodity and try to influence the price by limiting the supply.
With global interest rates at a prolonged low, the speculators know that investors will be looking for returns from assets such as commodities.

As these traders push to sell their petrol for higher prices, so prices are dragged higher. PETROL IS EXPENSIVE
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