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The Rise of Fascism in Italy
Transcript of The Rise of Fascism in Italy
'The Forgotten Victor'
Many in Italy frustrated that there was no real reward from T.O.V- remember, they were winners!!!
organized dissatisfied war veterans, extreme nationalists into the
Takes the title 'Il Duce', meaning 'The Leader'
Create a stronger government and bring Italy back to the glory days of Rome
Mussolini served in WWI and totaled about nine months of active, front-line trench warfare fighting
We refer to Fascism as any Totalitarian government that is not communist and is
Gained support through intimidation and terror using his combat squad, the 'blackshirts'
Mussolini feared a communist takeover of Italy, and thus was extremely anti-communist
He brought the economy under state control but kept capitalism, 'Mixed Economy'
Mussolini's priority was the subjugation of the minds of the Italian people and the use of propaganda to do so. Cult of personality
'Fascism' comes from the Latin word 'Fasces', which was a bound bundle of wood, usually including an axe
This symbol originated in Roman civilization and symbolized authority. Became the flag of the Italian Fascist Party, but it is also used in our own society- can you find it in the following pictures?
TIMELINE OF EVENTS
1917- Czar Nicholas II Overthrown
November 1918- World War One Ends
October 1919- Hitler Begins Political Career with 1st Public Speech
October 1922- Benito Mussolini Gains Power and Yankees and Giants play in World Series
December 1922- End of Russian Civil War & Creation of USSR
1924- Stalin takes power
The Rise of Fascism
Begin your critical reading and analysis of 'The Rise of Fascist Dictators in Europe' handout, using the primary sources and your book to respond thoroughly to the questions