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SCLY3 - Secularisation
Transcript of SCLY3 - Secularisation
Topic 3 (SCLY3)
What is Secularisation?
Secularisation is where Religion and Religious Institutions are losing influence on society.
This process is a sociological theory that is heavily argued.
Secularisation in Britain
Generally, there is evidence of Secularisation in Britain.
This includes declining church attendance, less clergy being hired and less influence of religion on social policy
Against the Trend
Bruce has identified areas that goes against the previously identified trends.
This is where religion provides the focal point for a group of ethnic minorities
This is where religion provides moral support and a sense of identity for people who have migrated
Explanations of Secularisation
Sociologists have developed a number of theories to explain secularisation
Instead of Secularisation, some sociologists argue that religion is simply going through a revolution, where it is changing its form and the way it acts in society.
This can be seen by the increase in NRM's (See Topic 6)
Secularisation In America
Generally, America is also showing examples where Secularisation applies.
However, there is also examples of Secularisation from within. This is a theory held by Bruce. This argues that religions themselves are facing secularisation by changing their values to meet modern day ideas.
Secularisation is as simple as this, although critics will use ideas such as Spiritual Shopping
Max Weber argues that society has undergone a process of rationalization.
This means that religious beliefs have been replaced with scientific, rational thought.
Bruce has identified that instead of looking for religious answers to our problems, we are more likely to look at scientific and technological resolutions
Parsons argues that society has been split into separate specialist institutions.
This has removed the requirement for religion in general.
Bruce agrees that religion has separated from general society and has become a more personal choice, kept in the private sphere of the home.
Berger argues that religion has lost influence because no church is able to claim the Monopoly of Truth any more, and instead, many different religions offer different interpretations