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culture and socialisation

key concepts in sociology

Stuart Mitchell

on 12 September 2013

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Transcript of culture and socialisation

Key Sociological Concepts
What are the following examples of?
Socialisation is an ongoing process...
values and norms
values = ‘right’ or ‘wrong’,
social behaviour
Our behaviour is ‘social’
it is not random but patterned;
these patterns are shared with other people.
the concept of culture
Culture can refer to traditional arts such as the theatre, ballet or literature.
agencies of socialisation
Who are the key people and groups involved in the socialisation of children and young adults at the following ages?
stages of socialisation
usually centred on the family.

Children learn many of basic lessons for life

e.g. potty training, manners
occurs as children grow up and move into wider world

e.g. students going off to university, getting a job
Secondary Socialisation
Primary Socialisation
the nature vs. nurture debate
“Your postcode can reveal more about your life than your genes.”
the nature vs. nurture debate
the concept of culture
social behaviour
norms and values
16 - 21 years
11 - 15 years
5 - 10 years
0 - 4 years
norms = social rules
core standards, e.g. respect for human life
guidelines for human behaviour
correct and acceptable behaviour in a society/group
people are expected to conform
having red hair
children from low-income families performing poorly at school
learning how to use a knife and fork
right of privacy
The answer is your parents...
But is that nature or nurture?
Where does the colour of your eyes come from?
Do we behave as we do because of our genes or our environment?
What does this mean to you?
the values, customs and acceptable behaviour shared by members in a society or by members of a social group within a society
In Sociology, however, culture means:
We live in social groups, not as isolated individuals.
How do we learn human behaviour and culture?
The process of learning the culture of our society is called socialisation.
norms are more specific than values
norms = values in practice
for example:
knock before entering =
“right to privacy”
crime and deviance
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