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Transcript of Gandhi DBQ
India's main religions are Hinduism, Islam, Jainism, and Sikhism.
Hinduism is a polytheistic religion with over 1000 gods and goddesses. Most Hindus believed in the caste system until recently. Many still do today.
Jainism is marked by a reverence for all living things. Jains are vegetarians and believe in strict non-violence, even in cases of self defense.
Muslims were a majority in Northern India and a minority in the rest of the country. This often lead to conflict, especially between Hindus and Muslims.
The British Empire
Gandhi believed that since he and the black South Africans were all subjects of the King of England, they should be treated equal to white citizens of the King. The Law is color blind.
Gandhi is quiet, shy, and unassuming.
For Gandhi, actions speak louder than words. Although he will
get over much of his shyness, he is not ever going to be an impassioned speaker. People will follow him because his words are quiet and meaningful, and because he practices what he preaches.
What's the big deal about salt??
India has produced her own salt for thousands of years.
Salt is a necessary nutrient for survival - especially if you do the kind of labor where you sweat - your body MUST replace the salt you lose or you can sicken or DIE!
India's climate is hot and tropical.
When Britain took over India, they took all the salt.
They passed the Salt Tax law that made it illegal for Indians to make their own salt or buy salt from non-British manufacturers.
British companies mined Indian Salt, packaged it, and sold it to Indians for a high price. The price was high because it had a high tax on it.
The British government made money from the tax.
The British company made money from the salt.
Poor Indians couldn't afford the salt.
Indians did not profit from the salt.
Gandhi decides to protest the unjust law through civil disobedience. Civil disobedience is when you willfully break the law as a form of protest.
Gandhi and his followers march 240 miles to the Indian ocean and begin to make salt, following ancient Indian custom. They then sell this salt throughout India.
Why was Gandhi's non-violence movement a success?
It was disciplined/organized
It was peaceful
He was willing to go to jail/Civil Disobedience
He treated his opponents with friendliness/respect
Unfortunately, a Civil War breaks out after the Muslim majority in the North are given their own independent state in the North: Pakistan. The fighting ends because Gandhi goes on a hunger strike to protest the violence. When he comes close to death, the fighting stops as both sides urge Gandhi to stop and forgive them. HE does. A year later, he is assassinated by a Hindu man, in part because he disagrees with Gandhi's peaceful attitude towards Muslims.
Gandhi is successful - in 1947 India wins it's independence from England.