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Gallic Wars Timeline

6 major battles in Gallic Wars timeline
by

Courtney Kearney

on 15 January 2013

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Transcript of Gallic Wars Timeline

By Courtney Kearney The Six Major Battles of the Gallic Wars The Gallic Wars The Gallic Wars were fought during the period of 58 B.C. - 51 B.C.
These battles were fought between the members of the Roman Army and multiple Gallic, Germanic, and Celtic tribes all across western Europe
The armies were battling over territory, trade routes in the form of rivers, past conflicts, and glory Caesar led six legions of soldiers into Gaul
The German Suebi were led by King Ariovistus
In 58 B.C. Gallic leaders asked Caesar for help by defending them from the Suebi, who had threatened to invade their land
Caesar led his troops into battle and while the Germans put up a good fight, the Romans tactics led to the defeat of the Suebi
The Suebi tried to flee but Caesar and his troops pursued them, Ariovistus succeeded in his escape
The Romans had 6,000 men killed or wounded while the Suebi suffered approximately 35,000 casualties
Caesar had secured the German border The Battle of Vosges Fought in June of 56 B.C. in the Gulf of Morbihan
Romans led by Caesar and D. Junius Brutus vs. the Veneti
Roman messengers were sent to the Gallic tribes to demand grain for their troops
The messengers were captured by the Veneti who demanded the release of their own hostages in exchanges for the Romans
Caesar, fearing other tribes would join the Veneti, attacked their villages
The Veneti manned their trading vessels... D. Junius Brutus took command of the Roman navy who defeated the Veneti
The Veneti surrendered but Caesar, fearing the involvement of other tribes, severely punished the Veneti by beheading everyone on the governing council and selling the rest into slavery
Sails and rigging of Veneti ships were destroyed Battle of Morbihan Gulf Battle of Gergovia Overall, the Romans were victorious in the
Gallic Wars Battle of Bibracte First major battle in Gallic Wars
Spring of 58 B.C.
Fought in Gaul (modern France)
Six legions of the Roman Army led by Julius Caesar vs. the Helvetii and allies led by Dumnorix, Casticus, and Divico
The Romans initiated the attacked but were assaulted in the flank
The fighting continued into the night and ended when the Romans broke into their enemy's camp
Ultimately the Romans won the battle suffering only 5,000 casualties or wounded while the Helvetii had 238,000 men killed or captured
The Helvetii surrendered a few days later
Caesar ordered the Helvetii, the Tulingi, and the Latobrigi to return home and allowed the Boii to settle on Aedui land The Battle of Bibracte
58 B. C. Battle of Sabis River Fought in 57 B. C. in the land of the Belgae tribes
Julius Caesar and his army (two legions plus the Remi tribe) battled multiple Belgae tribes led by Galba, king of the Suessiones
Belgic tribes were banding together because they feared Rome's interference with their affairs
The Remi (Belgic) tribe called on Caesar to protect them from all of the other Belgic tribes
The Belgae attacked a city called Bibrax while Caesar was away setting up camp; the Remi were overwhelmed until Caesar sent help, when this happened the Belgae decided to attack Caesar at the Aisne River and destroyed Remi territory on their way
At this point, multiple tribes had surrendered... the strongest remaining force were the Nervii
The Nervii along with other tribes attacked the Romans, who were weak due to adjusted formation, and continued the fight for a long time, Romans losing
Unexpectedly, two new Roman legions arrived and attacked the Nervii, causing them to surrender to the Romans
The tribes were ordered to stay within their territories and about 60,000 deaths were tallied
Caesar then went on to defeat the Atuatuci, who had never shown up... their whole population (53,000) was sold off as slaves Battle of Sabis River Battle of Alesia Battle of Gergovia Battle of Gulf of Morbihan Fought in Semptember of 52 B.C. in Gergovia
Romans led by Caesar vs. Gallic troops led by Vercingetorix
At first, Caesar arrived and surprised the inhabitants of Gergovia, but reinforcements of Gallic troops arrived, causing Caesar panic
Caesar called for a retreat, but many troops did not hear and continued fighting plundering Gergovia
Many Roman troops were killed, about 7,400, while the fighting continued
Vercingetorix was the winner of this battle but lost a few hundred men
This was one of seldom Roman defeats, which was a shot to the heart, but reinforced the Romans drive to beat Vercingetorix Fought in the fall of 52 B.C
Julius Caesar with about 60,000 troops vs. Vercingetorix and Commius with about 80,000 men
Alesia offered strong natural defenses for the Gauls
Caesar intended to besiege Alesia and insured that the Gauls would be cut off from aid by encircling the town with fortifications, or circumvallation
Vercingetorix launched multiple cavalry attacks in order to stop the completion of the circumvallation but did not succeed
Caesar, fearing that escaped cavalry would bring reinforcements, built another wall facing out, or contravallation
Facing food shortages, the Gauls locked their women and children out of their camp, sending them over to the Romans who they hoped would open his fortification to allow them to leave
Because of the potential for an army breakout, Caesar did not comply, leaving the women to starve stuck between the two forts
Just when Vercingetorix was contemplating surrender due to lack of supplies, a relief force led by Commius arrived and attacked the Romans from the outside while the Gauls attacked from the inside...this failed, but the Gauls attacked again two more times, defeated in both
The last time, the Gauls began to flee; pursued by the Romans many were killed
Vercingetorix surrendered the next day... he may have suffered around 250,000 losses and about 40,000 captured
The Romans may have suffered around 12,800 casualties, although this was a major victory for Caesar... Rome never faced organized rebellion from Gaul again and the Romans declared 20 days of thanksgiving Battle of Alesia
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