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Child Abuse and Mandated Reporting
Transcript of Child Abuse and Mandated Reporting
or neglect of, a child by
another person, either
adult or child. National Child Abuse Statistics Child abuse happens in
all cultures, all ethnicities,
and all socio-economic
groups, in equal portions. Each week in the U.S, more than 50,000 reports are made of suspected child abuse.
In addition, every day at least 4 children die because of abuse and neglect.
This means that, 1.25 milion, or 1 out of 58 children, are abused every year. It is estimated that only 10% of child abuse and neglect is reported.
In 2/3 of these cases there is sufficient evidence for investigation.
60% of these children are neglected- their basic needs are not met by their parent or caretaker. Statistics show that in 2009 360,500 children were neglected from proper education, 295,300 children had physical neglect, and 193,400 suffered through emotional abuse.
Sadly, after investigations, only approximately 2,450 children were found to be abused or neglected in the U.S each day. Fact: Children with unemployed parents have double the chance of being abused, and having divorced parents and living with a single parent or step parents have more than 8 times the risks than other children. Families At-Risk
for Child Abuse Families who:
are isolated and have no support system
have parents who were abused as children
are in crisis
abuse drugs and/ or alcohol
are rigid in their discipline and/ or are critical of their child
are raising a "difficult" child Types of Child Abuse Signs of Physical Abuse Signs of Neglect Signs of Sexual Abuse Emotional signs of
Sexual Abuse Signs of Emotional
Abuse Unexplained bruises, burns, bites, broken bones, and facial laceration
Faded bruises, or other marks, after and absence from school
Children frightened to return home
Children who shrink from adults
Reports of abuse from another adult in the child's life (ex. aunt, cousin, grandma, etc.) Frequent absence from school
Begs or stealsfood or money
Lacks in basic medical, dental, and/ or vision care
Consistently dirty clothes, person
Lack of sufficientclothing for weather
Abuses alcohol or drugs
States that there is no one at home caring for the child Sudden and/ or extreme change in personality or behavior
Difficulty walking or sitting
Infections that are not age appropriate
Reports nightmares or bed wetting
Demonstrates bizarre, sophisticated, or unusual sexual knowledge for age
Becomes pregnant before the age of 14
Hints, indirect messages Self-destructive behavior- alcohol, drugs, running away, etc.
Unhappiness- anxiety, crying, sleep disturbances, etc.
Regression- acting in baby-like ways
Change in personality
Difficulty at school- sudden drop in grades, attitude, activities, truancy, etc. Extreme behavior
Inappropriately infantile or parental towards others (ex. siblings)
Delayed physical or emotional development
Has attempted suicide
Reports lack of attatchment to parents
Inability to attatch to other significant adults The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) Federal Law Each state will write and enforce laws, including reporting methods, reguarding child abuse and neglect. Child protective services (CPS) Mandated Repoting Developemental Difficulties for Abused and Negelcted Children Any citizen may report abuse. However, mandated reporters include anyone working with children in any educational, mediacal, or care-taking setting including all school personnel; all medical personnel including doctors, dentists, all medical staff, policeman, fireman; couselors, psychologists, clergy, etc. Mandated reporters are required by law to report suspected child abuse within 24 hours of becoming knowledgeable about the incident. Reporting Abuse To report abuse here in Kern County:
Call CPS to make a verbal report (confidential)
Complete written report (of the verbal report) - fax to CPS
Respond to calls or visits from CPS workers or police- they will visit the child at school or visit the home (usually parents only)
Assist the child at his or her request during inquiries- use your best judgement. Children of abuse may:
Have severely damaged cognitive developmental growth patterns (developmental milestones).
Lack literacy skills
Suffer anxiety in all settings
Give up on academic achievement due to continual absences or lack of academic support at home.
Demonstrate low self-esteem, cognitive, or verbal skills Children of abuse may experience:
Fina and large motor skills delays
Dysphasia ( Language disorder)
Psychiatric disorders ADHD Anxiety Depressive Conduct Supporting Children Protecting Children Trusted adults can always support children by: Teaching conflict resolution strategies and peer mediation through class meetings, group counseling sessions, and/ or role play situations.
Providing a bully-free environment at all times
Using cooperative learning techniques to create a community for the child
Using reading and writing workshops to facilitate choice and self expression All children can be protected by: Discussing and teaching "Good touch" vs. "Bad Touch"
Discussing and problem solving methods of avoidance and escape from sexual predators with children
Discussing and problem solving "Safe-adults" to tell, in case of uncomfortable information
Discussing "safe" secrets