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Debunking Scientist Stereotypes

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Monica Krishnamurthy

on 22 June 2013

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Transcript of Debunking Scientist Stereotypes

Group Members
Raz Camby
Thea Young
Monica Krishnamurthy
Lyndsay Herrin
Kyle Tervo
So what do some scientists look like?
With that being said, this project allowed us to take a closer look at the way in which society and the field of science viewed women and people of color. Through our online survey and drawings we were able to build a decent sample of people who hopefully were indicative of general feelings towards people of color and women in science. Our pamphlet was an attempt by our group to change the status quo and hopefully enlighten people about what women already have and still contribute to the field of science and technology. We addressed the various stereotypes which were brought to our attention through the course readings that were confirmed by our online survey and drawings, in our prezi presentation that used real life examples to counter these biases. Our project gave us the opportunity to critically evaluate gender/race bias amongst our society and act proactively to not only change peoples’ ideas of who is a scientist but also generally make them aware of the biases we tend to hold.
A Scientist - College Perspective
Is this what a scientist should look like?
..and like these? (real drawings by a few volunteers)
Marie Curie
Born: November 7, 1867- July 4, 1934

Ethnicity: Polish

Early research was in harsh conditions;not much money
Began work under her husband
Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman
George Washington Carver
First woman to be named Professor of General Physics at Physics Lab at Sabornne
Director of Curie Lab in Radium Institute of Paris
Developed methods to separate radium from radioactive residues
Member of Conseil du Physique Solvay
Wrote: Recherches sur les Substances Radioactives, L'Isotopie et les Éléments Isotopes and the classic Traité' de Radioactivité
First woman to receive Nobel prize
1/2 Nobel Prize of Physics in 1903 with husband
1911; Nobel Prize in Chemistry
1903; Received Davy Medal of Royal society with husband
Rosalind Franklin
Barbara McClintock
Born a slave in January of 1864
After being freed from slavery, he was taught how to read and write by his adopted aunt
He wanted to attend public school but was denied on the basis of his race. He walked 10 miles to the nearest school that would accept him
Largely seen as a pioneer in crop science and the use of various chemicals in farm life
While disputed, he is largely regarded as the inventor of peanut butter
He pushed for the growth of legumes to enrich the soil and help prevent farmers from pulling all the nutrients out of the ground and ruining their lands
He was the first famous black scientist

Born: June 16, 1902-September , 1992

Ethnicity: Caucasian/ American

received first PhD in Botany in1927
earned 12 honorary doctorates
studied chromosomes & change during reproduction
eveloped technque for visualizing maize
discovered transposition
Raman Effect is extremely important in studying the molecular structure of chemical compounds.
More than 2000 compounds were studied within just a decade of the discovery of Raman Effect.
C.V. Raman dedicated his whole life toward the pursuit of science and has won many accolades and laurels, and also published many research papers that have helped the next generation of scientists to take over.
National Science Day is celebrated in India on 28th February every year to commemorate the discovery of the Raman Effect.

Honors and Awards
1924: Elected a Fellow of the Royal Society and knighted in 1929.
1930: Nobel Prize in Physics
1941: Franklin Medal
1954: Bharat Ratna
1957: Lenin Peace Prize

Achievement Award, Association of University Women, 1947
Merit Award, Botanical Society of America, 1957
Kimber Genetics Award, National Academy of Sciences, 1967
National Medal of Science, 1970
Lewis S. Rosenstiel Award for Distinguished Work in Basic Medical Research, 1978
The Louis and Bert Freedman Foundation Award for Research in Biochemistry, 1978
Salute from the Genetics Society of America, August 18, 1980
Thomas Hunt Morgan Medal, Genetics Society of America, June, 1981
Honorary Member, The Society for Developmental Biology, June, 1981
Wolf Prize in Medicine, 1981
Albert Lasker Basic Medical Research Award, 1981
MacArthur Prize Fellow Laureate, 1981
Honorary Member, The Genetical Society, Great Britain, April, 1982
Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize for Biology or Biochemistry, 1982
Charles Leopold Mayer Prize, Académie des Sciences, Institut de France, 1982

Born in England in July of 1920
She was a well known scientist and researcher who worked with X-ray Crystallographers
She was the first person to notice the double helix pattern of DNA and the composition of RNA
Her research was stolen by Watson and Crick who in turn published a paper in which they claimed they had discovered the double helix design
She worked on finding a cure for Polio and the tobacco mosaic virus
Watson, Crick and Wilkins were all awarded the Nobel Prize for their research on DNA and the double helix
Rosalind died of Ovarian Cancer, largely speculated to have been from the blasts of radiation she encountered during her work
Mary Goeppert Mayer
Born: Tamil Nadu, India

Ethnicity: Indian

Discovered th
e “Raman Effect”
in 1930.
He was the
first non-white, Asian and Indian to be awarded a Nobel Prize in science.
Interesting, he used equipment only worth 200 Rs (roughly 4$) to make this phenomenal discovery.
(2013, June 19). Mileva Einstein Maric [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://www.stadtarchiv-schaffhausen.ch/pictures/Mileva.jpg
Barbara mcclintock- biographical. Nobelprize.org, Retrieved from http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1983/mcclintock-bio.html
Bellis, M. George Washington Carver. Inventors. Retrieved June 18, 2013, from http://inventors.about.com/od/cstartinven
George Washington Carver. Pictures of George Washington Carver. Retrieved June 18, 2013, from http://www.vision.org/visionmedia/uploadedImages/Home/Articles/Biography/Articles/GWCarver.jpg?n=8733
Herschel, Caroline. "We Are All Cosmic Dust: Iconic Female scientists." Anjou. Wordpress.com, 14 June 2012. Web. 21 June 2013.
"James West." 2013. The Biography Channel website. Jun 21 2013, 12:36 http://www.biography.com/people/james-west-538802.
Marie curie- biographical. Nobelprize.org, Retrieved from http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1903/marie-curie-bio.html
Marie Curie. (2013). The Biography Channel website. Retrieved 10:54, Jun 19, 2013, from http://www.biography.com/people/marie-curie-9263538.
Mileva einstein-maric biography. (June, 2013 19). Retrieved from http://www.biography.com/people/mileva-einstein-maric-282676
Neil degrasse tyson biography. (June, 2013 19). Retrieved from http://www.biography.com/people/neil-degrasse-tyson-20766239
Neil degrasse tyson. (June, 2013 12). Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neil_deGrasse_Tyson
Famous for proposing the nuclear shell model of the atomic nucleus.

She was a very hardworking young girl who passed a collegiate examination and went on to earn her PhD even without a high school degree! (Her high school went bankrupt when she was a junior).

Because of her gender, despite her PhD, she worked unofficially and was unpaid for many years in university laboratories

Finally in 1946, she was offered a paid part-time position as a Senior Physicist in Argonne National Laboratory.

Less than two years later she made her breakthrough.

Born: Kattowitz, Germany

Ethnicity: German American

Lived: 1906-1972

Notable Awards:
1963: Nobel Prize for Physics

She was the first woman to ever receive a nobel prize in theoretical Physics in 1963, and the second woman in history to win a Nobel Prize.
Neil deGrasse Tyson
Mileva Einstein Maric
Ethnicity: African American

Born: October 05, 1958 in New York, New York

Education: Harvard University, Columbia University, and Princeton University
What do you think a scientist looks like?
Community-based Interventions to make Adults aware about the Diversity of Science & Technology
Fun Facts:
He is best known for hosting NOVA ScienceNow and appearing on shows like The Daily Show and Real Time with Bill Maher.
He is a famous internet meme.
He is the reason Pluto lost its planet status.

2001 Medal of Excellence, Columbia University, New York City
2004 NASA Distinguished Public Service Medal
2007 Klopsteg Memorial Award winner
2009 Douglas S. Morrow Public Outreach Award from the Space Foundation for significant contributions to public awareness of space programs.
2009 Isaac Asimov Award from the American Humanist Association
Ethnicity: Serbian

Born: 1875 in Titel, Serbia

Education: University of Zurich and Zurich Polytechnic School
Fun Facts:
She attended an all-boys’ school in Zagreb when she was a teenager.
She had a child out of wedlock with Einstein in 1900. The fate of the child is unknown. It was either adopted or died of disease.

While Mileva Maric never published on her own, or received any kind of award or honor for her work, she did “construct an innovatory device for measuring electrical currents” with a mutual friend of her husband’s Paul Habicht. She also held a key role in Einstein’s work, assisting in two well known published articles, including the paper on special relativity. It is believed that this is why Einstein gave Maric his Nobel Prize winnings.
Web Survey
James West
Ethnicity: African American

Born: February 10, 1931

Education: Temple University

Cecilia Payne
Ethnicity: English

Born: Wendover, England

Education: University of Cambridge, Harvard University
Contribution to Science
Discovered that stars are primarily composed firstly of hydrogen and secondly of helium.

Awards and Achievements
First person to be awarded a Ph.D. in Astronomy at Harvard University (1925).
Annie J. Cannon Award (1934)
Henry Norris Russell prize (1976)
Contribution to Science
Co-invented the foil electret microphone.
Used in 90% of contemporary microphones.

Awards and Achievements
He has developed more than 250 patents on microphones and related discoveries.
Awarded a National Medal of Technology.
In the National Inventors Hall of Fame.

We surveyed 125 different individuals over the age of 18 to name two scientists, and these are the results.....
Born: Diamond, MO

Ethnicity: African American

Lived: 1864 - 1943
Born: Notting Hill, England

Ethnicity: English

Lived: 1920- 1958
Ojocientifico. "De Qué Están Hechas Las Estrellas." Ojo Cientifico. Socialea, 7 May 2012. Web. 20 June 2013.
Pictures of Rosalind Franklin. Discovery.com. Retrieved June 18, 2013, from http://www.discovery-zone.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/rosalind-franklin.jpg
Pokorny, E. (Photographer). (2006, December 08). Barbara McClintock [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://en.citizendium.org/wiki/File:Barbara_McClintock.jpg
Princeton. "Microphone Innovator James West to Speak Feb. 9." Princeton. The Trustees of Princeton University School of Engineering and Applied Science, 25 Jan. 2008. Web. 21 June 2013.
Rosalind Franklin Biography - Facts, Birthday, Life Story - Biography.com. Famous Biographies & TV Shows - Biography.com. Retrieved June 18, 2013, from http://www.biography.com/people/rosalind-franklin-9301344
Rose, H. (2009). Nine decades, nine women, ten nobel prizes. In M. Wyer, M. Barbercheck, M. Wayne, D. Giesman & H. Ozturk (Eds.), Women, Science, and Technology (2nd ed., pp. 60-61). New York and London: Routledge.
Rose, H. (2009). Nine decades, nine women, ten nobel prizes. (pp. 63-66). New York: Routledge.
Twisted Sifter. (Producer). (2012, Jan 30). Neil deGrasse Tyson [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://twistedsifter.files.wordpress.com/2012/01/dr-neil-degrasse-tyson-3.jpg
University of California, Berkeley. "History of Women in Astronomy:Cecilia Payn-Gaposchkin." History of Women in Astronomy:Cecilia Payn-Gaposchkin. Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 1992. Web. 20 June 2013.
Questions we asked:
1. Name a scientist
2. Name another scientist
3. What are some of the adjectives you would use to describe a scientist?
1. A lot of the responses was given by international students so we had a high percentage in people of color scientists. It is interesting to note however that every one of them were male scientists, and not one woman scientist who was also a person of color.
2. Evident that is a large tendency of people to instantly think of men when asked "who is a scientist" as against to any women.
3. Even though we provided opportunities for people to name scientists twice, majority of them still named men in both spots.
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