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02.10 Medieval Europe and Japan - Module Project
Transcript of 02.10 Medieval Europe and Japan - Module Project
''In what ways did religion and economics influence the development of medieval Europe and Japan?''
Throughout time, religion and economics have influence the entire world. They had a massive impact on the development of medieval Europe and Japan through the use of Christianity, the feudal system, and Shintoism and Buddhism. The transference of services and goods, along with the economic structure, between both of the empires was the main success of the developments of Medieval Europe and Japan.
In medieval Europe, religion and economics were clearly in a liaison with each other. Religion was the primary motive for war during this time, especially when taking into account the Crusades. Started by Pope Urban II, the Crusades lasted over 200 years and were fought to gain control of the Holy Land, Jerusalem. The Crusades brought the church power and using that power, they opened the pilgrimage routes increasing trade and the use of coin exchange. These led to the urbanization of medieval Europe, changed the economy, and led to five centuries of Europe's economic and cultural influence. Preceding the wars, the church, which was not yet separated from politics, was very wealthy and the Pope even had more power then the King. Due to this, the church did not have to pay taxes. Also, with the growth of trade, merchants and guilds were becoming favored in trade routs. Which helped develop the middle class and eventually created new advancements.
Furthermore, religion did not have as big an impact on daily life in Japan as it did in Japan. For example, most wars were fought for wealth and power, not religion, however, it did develop certain parts of religion. The Japanese embraced their original Shinto religion when Buddhism was made mandatory. In the rear of the Mongol invasion, Japan started to renounce anything Chinese. The Japanese must have had built up resentment for the Chinese because before, it was a major influence on it. After this, Japan isolated itself, however, during the Ashikaga period, it thrived. The Japanese learned how to make European muskets when a Portuguese ship came to one of their ports which reopened Japanese warfare. Soon, many converted to Christianity in order to increase trade, however, this was soon covered up. Later, the Japanese government became interested in land recovery projects that would limit taxes on supporters. This ended up creating several semi-independent states and led to feudalism in Japan.
Document A: Magna Carta
1. How did religion influence the Magna Carta?
- The intention of this document was to give equal rights to everyone. However, it had to be signed for everyone to perform the religion that they wanted to.
2. How did the Magna Carta limit the power of King John?
-It took away his power to lock up whoever he wanted and his power of taxation without reason.
3. How did the Magna Carta lay the foundation for democracy?
-It contributed to the development of democratic government by establishing a council, and by limiting the power of the Monarch.
Document D: Trade routes during the late middle ages, map
1. How do you think Pope Urban II and the Crusades influenced the trade routes shown on this map?
-They escalated trade and the use of coin exchange. Which was meant to bring more power to the church, because they opened the pilgrimage routes.
2. Which cities shown on the map do you think were most affected by ideas from foreign lands? Which cities were least affected by ideas from foreign lands?
-Cities closest to the ocean were more affected while the inner cities were less affected. This was due to the sailors that were the familiar foreign influences.
3. What cities seemed to benefit the most from trade routes by sea? Explain.
-Cities located on the ocean due to the fact that the majority of trading took place near the coastal areas and ocean trade routes were used more often.
Document e: Feudalism in Europe
3. In the feudal system, do you think knights ever felt conflicting loyalties? Explain.
-Yes, they may have felt that they were not good enough for the King.
1. Do you think the social standing of merchants during the Middle Ages helped or hurt the economy? Explain.
-I think it helped because the merchants had a main role in the supply and demand of the marketplace.
2. Do you think church officials had a large amount of influence in the feudal system? Explain.
-Yes, the church was very wealthy and had no separation between politics. Therefore, the Pope had higher power than the King. Also, it didn't have to pay taxes so they had a large income.
document H: Excerpt for Secondary Source and Topographical Map of Japan
1. Based on this excerpt, do you think trade was instrumental in the spread of Buddhism to Japan? Explain.
Yes because along with the merchants, men of religion came with them.
2. Summarize the trade relations described in this excerpt. Do you think the geographic locations of Japan, China, and Korea contributed to this trade? Explain.
-Yes and in a positive way due to the fact that they could find another source of trade if the geographic locations were insufficient.
3. Based on the geography of Japan, do you think trade from one area of Japan to another could be difficult? Explain.
-Yes, Japan is large and limited in some areas, this can cause hinders in trade within Japan.
Overall, there are profuse similarities and differences with the growth, and success of Medieval Europe and Japan. Religion and economy, which was important in both empires, affected the adversity, combat, and outcome of both. This furthered the progress of Medieval Europe and Japan becoming the modern countries we know today.
By Lindsay Hinch