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Literacy in the English/Language Arts Classroom
Transcript of Literacy in the English/Language Arts Classroom
automatically come to mind. So much so, in fact,
that literacy in the English content are tends to
not be explored. It is left unsaid as a "given". We
would like to challenge this notion, explore what literacy means to the English/Language Arts content, and provide a more accurate definition of literacy in regards to our content. Types of Literacy found in the Language Arts:
Reading traditional texts Writing Technology Reading of Symbols speech Reading traditional texts Reading of Symbols Mike Writing Technology What is a text in our content? Reading traditional texts-Mike 4 Main types of speeches:
Entertaining Informative Used to inform the audience
of a certain subject or
situation Persuasive intended to persuade
the given audience to
believe, think, feel, or
do something Demonstrative similar to informative
demonstrates how audience can apply that information Entertaining not as commonly thought of
main purpose is to entertain
imagine teaching entertaining speeches
no one is taught in school how to give a best man/ maid of honor speech... http://www.ismckenzie.com/4-basic-types-of-speeches/ That's all great, but...
so what?? Technology
Twitter Visual Medium Comics Graphic Novels Manga - The reading of traditional texts is important in the content area of English because this idea of text is commonly linked to this content area
- When thinking of a "traditional text" the stereotypical ideas comes to mind.
- These three basic forms of texts commonly found within English education can provide a solid basis for increasing literacy in the classroom. - Novels
- Poetry Novels
- Novels are important for teaching literacy within English because this is the primary way students in an English classroom are exposed to literacy.
- In the example here Mark Twain's The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn has been taught in English classrooms for many years to expose students to a culture that no longer exists.
- This novel is currently under scrutiny for its use of the "n-word" and some audiences believes that kids would be better off with a censored version of this. Textbooks
- Textbooks are also a primary means of literacy within English.
- These texts are thought of as mundane and boring for students, and it is up to the teacher to make a lesson interesting for their students.
- Other material to supplement the textbook is often needed.
- Textbooks also promote rote memorization of the material and can have trouble stimulating higher order thinking in students who are having trouble comprehending the text 6 Reasons why textbooks are becoming increasingly ineffective in the classroom
- Reading Levels are increasing
- Sentences are too long
- Words often convey multiple meanings
- Too much content is covered
- New material is added to older material without a clear explanation
- Lack of multiple primary sources.
- usually only a small number of contributors for a textbook Textbooks hold a great deal of information but are USELESS if students are unable to decode them. Textbooks will always hold a place in the classroom, but should function more as a guide to the curriculum rather than the foundation Teaching poetry in the classroom
- can be difficult for students because of the lack of motivation that can be found in a lesson surrounding poetry.
- teachers can use various types of poems to get students to see that poetry can be fun. Types of poetry useful in the classroom
- the "I can't write a poem" poem
Excellent Students sometimes have difficulty unerstanding the concepts of metaphors and similies. An exaggeration poem helps them overcome this obstacle because it avoids the boring defining process that usually accompanies a lesson like this.
- Simple ask your students to write a few lines proving that someone they know is the best, nicest, smartest, fastest, strongest, or most beautiful person
- Students will most likely use language in these writings that are metaphors and similies because to describe someone or something in the superlative form this is commonly the language used. For example,
My Dad is Tougher than Your Dad.
My Dad is tougher than your dad.
He wrestles alligators every morning just to get his heart pumping.
Instead of eating toast and coffee for breakfast, he eats the toaster and the coffeemaker.
He doesn't drive to work, he runs to work--ten miles a day.
When he gets home from work he relaxes in a hot bath of boiling water.
He prefers chewing nails to chewing gum.
And when he sees someone for the first time, he says "Hello, nice to meet you," so loud and fearsome people run away and hide.
My dad is tougher than your dad.
© 2002 This is a fun excercise for poetry.
- it gets students involved who have a mindset that poems are not for them
-turns every student's excuses as to why they cant create a poem into an actual poem iteself.
- Simply ask your students to make a list and detail every reason or complaint as to why they are unable to write a poem.
- Add the right ending and beginning to it and you have a poem. I Can't Write a Poem
You must be kidding.
I'm still half asleep.
My eyes keep closing.
My brain isn't working.
I don't have a pencil.
I don't have any paper.
My desk is wobbly.
I don't know what to write about.
And besides, I don't even know how to write a poem.
I've got a headache. I need to see the nurse.
Time's up? Uh oh!
All I have is this dumb list of excuses.
You like it? Really? No kidding.
Thanks a lot. Would you like to see another one? -This is a simplistic poem that most students will understand.
-Students can prove their different literacy strengths by showing which words these choose to make poems out of.
- Simple take anyword or phrase and write it vertically on a page.
- Take the first letter of every word and write another word going horizontally. Of Mice and Men
- This book can be taught within a class to show the strength of personal relationships to students.
- By providing the students with outside resources they can also research various topics that are discussed within the text.
- literacy can be improved not only by reading the information found in the novel, but researching the material and reading critical articles of such text thus exposing them to a higher level of thinking.
- a possible activity in connection with this book would be to have students research mental retardation and define what they believe it is.
- then have the students connect their definition of mental retardation to George and mentally challenged companion Lenny and how George's care for Lenny makes him stronger textbook novel short story video/film comic newspaper art demonstration ...and MANY more... •Being able to construct and create our own personal texts is vital to our means of communication. •Often times, secondary educators only focus on mastering reading comprehension, and writing skills are disregarded.
•Standardized testing focuses on reading over writing. The ACT for example, offers a writing portion as optional, and for the students who do opt for the writing, the national average is only 7/12.
National Report Card
•National writing test performed in 45 states at grades 8 and 12.
•Trends show no significant increase in ability or skill in the four-year gap.
•Assessment showed decrease in urban schools.
•http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2008468 So what are students learning? Intro Body Conclusion Body Intro Conclusion …with a little bit of this.
–“The End” conclusions
–Thesaurus is a no-no
–Overall hatred of writing.
•How many of you like writing poetry?
»That is what I thought.
Why is writing important?
•Not only is writing essential to becoming a fully literate citizen, but is a necessity in a functional everyday lifestyle.
• All fields
Poor Grammar: It’s an Epidemic