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Latin Project

Passive Voice
by

Anna Li

on 5 April 2011

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Transcript of Latin Project

A Road Map to Discover the Passive Voice by: Merly Konathapally and Anna Li Naples, Italy Gas Station Motel Diner Scenic Outlook Rest Area Car Repair Shop Rome, Italy Present Passive Infinitive For 1st, 2nd, and 4th conjugation take the present active infinitive, replace the “–e” at the end with “-i”. For 3rd conjugation, replace the “-ere" with an “-i”. Present Passive To form the present passive, replace the present active endings with the following endings:
-r
-ris
-tur
-mur
-mini
-ntur However, there are exceptions:
In the 3rd conjugation 2nd Person Singular, replace the -is in the verb, such as mittis, by -eris. The passive verb would be mitteris. Imperfect Passive To form the imperfect passive, replace the imperfect active endings with the following endings:
-bar
-baris
-batur
-bamur
-bamini
-bantur Remember:
For 3rd-io and 4th conjugations, you will have -ie before the verb endings. Perfect Passive To form the perfect passive, put the following after the 4th Principle Part of the verb:
sum
es
est
sumus
estis
sunt The 4th PP part should agree with the noun in number and gender. Future Perfect Passive To form the future perfect passive, put the following after the 4th Principle Part of the verb:
ero
eris
erit
erimus
eritis
erunt The 4th Principle Part should agree with the noun in number and gender. Future Passive To form the future passive, replace the future active endings with the following endings:
1st & 2nd Conjugation
-bor
-beris
-bitur
-bimur
-bimini
-buntur
3rd & 4th Conjugation
-ar
-eris
-etur
-emur
-etis
-entur Pluperfect Passive To form the pluperfect passive, put the following after the 4th Principle Part of the verb:
eram
eras
erat
eramus
eratis
erant
The 4th PP part should agree with the noun in number and gender.
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