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Ancient Egyptian Pyramids

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Rebecca Vyravipillai

on 14 August 2015

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Transcript of Ancient Egyptian Pyramids

Ancient Egyptian Pyramids
By: Rebecca Vyravipillai
What is a Pyramid?
The definition of the word pyramid is “a monumental structure with a square
base and sloping sides that meet in a point at the top”. The Egyptians built pyramids almost 5000 years ago. The pyramids were built as permanent tombs for pharaohs: to bring them to the afterlife. Egyptians believed that pyramids could take a pharaoh’s soul to the sky. A large pyramid could take more than 20 years to complete, the pyramid of Giza took about 20 years to build with about 10,000-20,000 at a time.
Different Types of Pyramids
There are about 80 pyramids in Egypt, which are still standing. The pyramids were designed to protect the body of the pharaoh and the stuff he was taking with him to the next world.The Egyptians prepared pyramids very carefully. Even the heavy blocks were laid in layers, one layer at a time.
Are there any famous pyramids?
Square-based pyramid
The Step Pyramid
One of the first pyramids is a step pyramid
Only one step pyramid still exists
Step Pyramids were built as symbolic staircases to heaven, so the pharaoh could reach the stars

The Bent Pyramid
Many people think this is a Straight-Sided Pyramid gone wrong
It is bent because the sides were too steep for it to be a straight-sided pyramid

The Straight-Sided Pyramid
This is the most common pyramid
The Straight –Sided Pyramid is symbolic to the ramp of sunbeams, so pharaoh could walk to join the sun god
Pharaoh's tomb
Giza Pyramids
There are 3 pyramids in the bunch
One of the seven wonders of the ancient world
The three pyramids are built by Pharaoh Khufu, his son Khafre and his grandson, Menkaure
Khufu’s pyramid is the largest, it is 482 feet tall and it’s built with about 2,300,000 blocks
Before the Eiffel Tower that was built in 1887, the pyramid that was built for Pharaoh Khufu was the tallest building in the world
Khafre’s pyramid is the next largest pyramid that was built 70 years later and it is ten feet shorter, but now it looks taller because it was built on higher ground
Menkaure’s pyramid is the last one in the bunch and it is the smallest; it is only 217 feet tall

The statue of the Sphinx stands outside the pyramid of Khafre, it is an important symbol and was formed to be the sun god. It has the face of a pharaoh and the body of a lion. It has been there for 4,500 years.
Pyramid of Zoser



It is the oldest large stone pyramid that is still standing

Had lots tricks and twists to protect the pyramid

The tomb of the Pharaoh was buried 80 feet underground

It was surrounded by a wall nearly mile long

The wall had 14 doors, but only one led to the tomb

When the pyramid was opened, only a foot of the mummy was found inside




Book Titles


• Pyramids of Egypt-by Don Nardo

• Pyramids & Mummies-by Seymour Simon

• The World of Pyramids-by Anne Millard

• Pyramids of Ancient Egypt-by Christopher Forest

• Structural Wonders Pyramids of Giza- by Sheelagh Matthews


Websites


• http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/menu.html

• Goggle definitions

• http://www.cheops-pyramide.ch/khufu-pyramid/pyramid-workers.html

• http://www.bbc.co.uk/cbbc/games/terrible-treasures-game


My Sources
These pyramids are the Giza pyramids. They are the most famous pyramids in all of Ancient Egypt.
Intresting Facts About Pyramids
The very first pyramid, was a Step Pyramid. It was for
Pharaoh Djoser. It was about 413 feet long, 344 feet wide at it's base and it was 200 feet high.
This is a mastaba, they built
these before pyramids.They stacked 6 mastabas, each smaller than the other to make a Step Pyramid.
The most famous pyramids were made between 2700-1700 B,C.
Historians believe that the slopping sides may have had religious purposes.
The Egyptians filled the pyramids precious jewels, gold, perfume and statues to be used by Pharaoh in the afterlife
Pyramid builders risked their lives everyday, one wrong move and they will be crused by a 4000-pound block of stone
Most pyramids were robbed over time and many of the treasures were removed from the chambers
A picture or a symbol used in the Ancient Egyptian writing is known as hieroglyph.
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