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The Beggar and The King

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Joseph Clavin

on 1 October 2012

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Transcript of The Beggar and The King

By Winthrop Parkhurst The Beggar and the King The Beggar warns the King that one day he will recall the noble's lack of compassion and complement the act with cruelty of his own. SUBJECT: A lowly beggar, crying outside a castle to a rigid King and his kindhearted servant is invited into the castle. In an attempt to persuade the King into relinquishing some bread, the beggar casts a dire pestilence upon his kingdom THEME: Morality and compassion towards the poor and lowly is paramount, for it is unknown when oneself will depend on the charity of others. On that day my mouth will be filled with a rushing wind and my arms will become as strong as steel rods "I will not harm thee now. I will only cry aloud in the streets for bread wherewith to fill my belly. But one day I will not be so kind to thee. Foolishly, the wicked King refuses to satisfy the beggar's hunger, citing that aiding him essentially breeds more unproductive members of society. "NO! To feed a beggar is always foolish. Every crumb that is given to a beggar is an evil seed from which springs another fellow like him." Furthermore, the servant's willingness to aide the beggar underscores the wickedness of the King and the moral aptitude of the common man. "This fellow is exceedingly hungry. Dost thou not command me to fling him just one small crust from the window?" DICTION: To maintain consistency within the Medieval time period, the author uses antiquated language throughout the play "Forsooth, they do if they are fashioned as this beggar." The author's utilization of involved passages featuring elevated language within the King's discourses illustrate his intelligence and social standing He is very unwise to annoy me on such a warm day. He must be punished for his impudence. Use the lash on him. TONE: The major tone of the play is uplifting. The desolate beggar is able to enlighten the hardhearted King, thus climatically triumphing over the evil royal. The minor theme is introspective, the author is attempting to inspire the reader to explore their treatment of disenfranchised. SYMBOLISM: The King's Crown symbolized the decadence of the nobility and their unwillingness to offer charity towards the poor Bread represents a necessity for poor individuals, a seemingly insignificant item that multitudes rely on daily. The unwillingness of the King to sacrifice such a simple item further quantifies his immorality. The servant, who lobbied for the appeasement of the beggar, illustrates the kindness and morality of the common man. His character contrasts the King, whom could certainly afford to spare bread but chose not to do so. SPEAKER: The beggar most speaks to the theme because he presents the stereotypical problems of the poor, notably the unwillingness of the noble to be generous. His warning to the King outlines the basic principals which the author is attempting to convey INTERNAL STRUCTURE: The play follows chronological order and does not include flashbacks, dreams, or futuristic occurrences. IMAGERY: Onomatopoeia: Ha, ha, ha! (Parkhurst 3) Simile: "My arms will become as strong as steel rods" (Parkhurst 5). Hyperbola: "All the bones in thy foolish body I will snap between my fingers" (Parkhurst 5). Reification: "He is deafer than a stone wall" (Parkhurst 4). Verbal Irony: "O king, the words of thy illustrious mouth are as very meat-balls of wisdom" (Parkhurst 3). GENRE: Historical Fiction: A work with a historical setting including fictitious characters functioning in a manner befitting to the era. The play conforms to this genre because the novel is set in the Medieval period and the function of the characters is typical of the time Bibliography Harmon, William. A Handbook to Literature Eleventh Edition. New York. Prentice Hall. 2001.
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