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Descriptive Essay 1

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Anamarija Štulina

on 10 February 2015

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Transcript of Descriptive Essay 1

Descriptive Essay
The Modes of Discourse—Exposition, Description, Narration, Argumentation (EDNA)—are common paper assignments you may encounter in your writing classes. Although these genres have been criticized by some composition scholars, the Purdue OWL recognizes the wide spread use of these approaches and students’ need to understand and produce them.

Descriptive essay summary
Steps review
Step 1 - brainstorm

Step 2 - make a plan

Step 3 - turn notes into topic sentences

Step 4 - write the introduction (topic+thesis)

Step 5 - organise the main body

Step 6 - conclude by summarising

What is a descriptive essay?

The descriptive essay is a genre of essay that asks the student to describe something—object, person, place, experience, emotion, situation, etc. This genre encourages the student’s ability to create a written account of a particular experience. What is more, this genre allows for a great deal of artistic freedom (the goal of which is to paint an image that is vivid and moving in the mind of the reader).

One might benefit from keeping in mind this simple maxim: If the reader is unable to clearly form an impression of the thing that you are describing, try, try again!

Here are some guidelines for writing a descriptive essay.

Take time to brainstorm
If your instructor asks you to describe your country, make sure that you jot down some ideas before you begin describing it. For instance, you might start by writing down a: e.g. sights, sounds, scents, things to feel, and foods to taste, etc. Once you have written down some words, you can begin by compiling descriptive lists for each one.
Organize details
Review your list and choose the most dominant details to write about. These details should be the items that best support your thesis and are the most interesting.
These details will be made into your body paragraphs.
Remember - Essay structure
Draw five columns on a piece of paper with each column labeled one of the five senses. These include taste, touch, sight, sound, and smell. This list will help you keep your thoughts straight when describing your essay.
Using your five senses, write down sensations and feelings you associate with your topic.
taste touch sight sound smell
Main body
Paragraph 1
Paragraph 2
Create an outline
Create an outline that lists what each paragraph of your essay is going to discuss. Typically, middle and high schoolers writing descriptive essays will be asked to write a 5 paragraph essay.College level students and above have more free-reign regarding how long to make their essays.
5 paragraph essays are structured to include an introductory paragraph that includes a thesis statement, three body paragraphs proving your thesis statement, and a concluding paragraph that summarizes what you have said in the rest of your essay.
Structure your essay in a way that makes sense for your topic
If you are writing about an event, give your paragraphs a chronological order. If you are writing about a place or thing, try ordering your paragraphs so that they go from general to specific.

First paragraph: The things you notice when you look at a house from the outside. Second paragraph: The sights, sounds, smells, tastes, feelings etc. that you experience when you are inside the house.
Third paragraph: A description of your favorite section of the house.
Write your introductory paragraph
Write your introductory paragraph. The introductory paragraph establishes the main ideas of the essay and sets the tone. This paragraph should include an introduction to your topic followed by your thesis statement. The introductory paragraph establishes the main ideas of the essay and sets the tone. This paragraph should include an introduction to your topic followed by your thesis statement.
Write your body paragraphs based on your topic sentences
Body paragraphs are where you get to prove that your thesis is true. Always keep in my mind that everything you write in your body paragraph should relate to your topic sentence and your thesis.
Example: The trees in my backyard are filled with the music of birds. Emeralds leaves sway in sun-filled breeze.
Example: Thesis statement: My backyard is like a jungle that I love to explore. Topic Sentence: When I climb a tree in my backyard, I feel like I am climbing a tall jungle tree.
Choose vivid language
Why use horse when you can choose stallion? Why not use tempestuous instead of violent? Or why not miserly in place of cheap? Such choices form a firmer image in the mind of the reader and often times offer nuanced meanings that serve better one’s purpose.
Use descriptive words
Do not use vague words or generalities (such as good, nice, bad, or beautiful). Be specific and use sensory, descriptive words (adjectives).
Create images for the reader!
Write your conclusion.
Your conclusion should summarize everything you have written in your essay. It should also restate your thesis. It is important to have a well-written conclusion because it is the last thing the reader will read, and will stay in his or her mind the longest.
Use your senses!
Remember, if you are describing something, you need to be appealing to the senses of the reader. Explain how the thing smelled, felt, sounded, tasted, or looked. Embellish the moment with senses
Finalizing your essay
Take a break from working after you have finished writing.
Stepping away from your writing helps you to clear your head. You will be able to look at your essay the way your reader would look at it once you have taken a break from working on it.
Read your essay with the reader in mind
. Ask yourself: Does the essay unfold in a way that helps the reader understand the subject? Are any of the paragraphs more confusing than descriptive?
Does the word choice and figurative language convey what you are trying to express about the topic?
Are there enough details to give the reader a complete picture?
Do the details in the essay help the reader understand what the topic means to the writer?
↑ http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/685/03/
↑ http://www.irsc.edu/uploadedFiles/Students/AcademicSupportCenter/WritingLab/E7-Descriptive-Essay-Guidelines.pdf
↑ http://www.time4writing.com/writing-resources/descriptive-essay/
↑ http://www.irsc.edu/uploadedFiles/Students/AcademicSupportCenter/WritingLab/E7-Descriptive-Essay-Guidelines.pdf
↑ http://bestessayguide.com/how-to-write-a-descriptive-essay.html
↑ http://www.irsc.edu/uploadedFiles/Students/AcademicSupportCenter/WritingLab/E7-Descriptive-Essay-Guidelines.pdf
↑ http://www.time4writing.com/writing-resources/descriptive-essay/

Paragraph 3
Cohesion: linking words and phrases
You can use words or short phrases which help to guide your reader through your writing, and to link sentences, paragraphs and sections both forwards and backwards. Good use will make what you have written easy to follow; bad use might mean your style is disjointed, probably with too many short sentences, and consequently difficult to follow. Your mark could be affected either way.

The best way to "get a feel" for these words is through your reading. Most textbooks and articles are well-written and will probably include a lot of these cohesive devices. Note how they are used and try to emulate what you have read. Do make sure though that you fully understand their meaning: incorrect use could change completely what you're trying to say. Try to use a variety of expressions, particularly in longer pieces of writing.

Don't forget "AND"! Two short sentences are often best connected together with this little word.

There follows a list of words and phrases that can be used. The list is not exhaustive, and BE CAREFUL: although grouped together, none is totally synonymous. Their position in the sentence can also vary; this is where your reading and dictionary come in.

first, second, third
first, furthermore, finally
to begin, to conclude
Giving examples

for example
for instance
as follows:
on the whole
that is
in this case
in other words

in general
on the whole
as a rule
for the most part
in most cases
as a result/consequence
because of this/that
for this/that reason
so that
in that case
under these circumstances

in other words
in that case
this implies that ...
if so/not

in the same way

in particular

in other words
to put it more simply

Expressing an alternative
on the other hand
the alternative is
another possibility would be

on the contrary
in contrast
in comparison

in other words
in that case
this implies that ...
if so/not

in conclusion
to conclude
in brief
to summarise

Stating the obvious
of course
as can be expected
after all

(sth unexpected)
even though
however much

what is more
in addition
above all
as well (as)
in the same way
not only ... but also
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