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Transcript of Research!
Researching and MLA Citations
Your topic should be specific. Don't think too broadly.
Example of a bad topic: War
I have my topic...now what?
Step 2: Beginning the research.
Step 1: Narrowing Down the Topic
Take advantage of the resources available to you!
Library (a.k.a. One of the best places in the whole world!).
You will have two opportunities to do research (Monday, November 19th and Monday, November 26th) in the library and computer lab. Remember, you must have at least 2 book sources and at least 3 internet sources.
How do I know what research is relevant?
Look for key words or headings related to your topic.
Ex: If I what to write my paper on a specific Holocaust survivor, but I don't know which one I can begin by searching "Names of Holocaust survivors." I should be able to find a list. From there, I can choose specific individuals to research.
Ex 2: If I am looking up causes of the Holocaust, I might search for "Causes of the Holocaust" OR "Reasons for the Holocaust" and see where that leads me.
It's important to give credit to your sources, or else it's...Plagiarism!
In a parenthetical citation, the author's last name and the page number on which you got your information go in parenthesis.
Example: (Rowling 240)
The dance symbolized the power of the sun "as a manifestation of the Great Spirit" (Tressider 457).
When researching, it is important that you keep a record of your research. Make sure you know from which source your information came and from which page.
You can keep a record of your research on notecards or in another word document.
Ex: ...My research on Maya Angelou poem "My Arkansas"
Example of a good topic: The major causes of the Civil War.
Students should help others who are less fortunate.
Today’s movies do not have the emotional impact of the classic horror movies of the 1940’s.
Ferguson Middle School and Warner Middle School differ in many ways.
Energetic exercise is a good way to help relieve stress.
Ferguson Middle School needs several changes to its facility to make it a better school.
The world is a magnificent place to live.
Beavercreek is the ideal place to raise a family.
contain a topic (main idea of what you are writing about).
contain an opinion about the topic (what your attitude is toward the topic).
writing in first person (I believe, In my opinion, etc.).
unclear language (It seems, etc.).
attempting two topics at once, even if they seem related.
Pick one and stick with it.
just stating a fact . A thesis is something you plan to make an argument about.
A thesis statement is usually one sentence.
It is often placed in the introductory paragraph of an essay.
A thesis statement is a claim that can be argued.
The essay will contain evidence and opinions that support the argument.
A thesis statement is the main idea of an essay.
It is often a point you want to argue or support in an essay.
The thesis statement explains to a reader the main idea of the essay and the writer’s opinion about that idea.
You are going to write a piece that compares the life events in Jonas’s community to those in the United States.
RAFT – your choice
Be sure to have an acceptable thesis statement.
ROUGH DRAFT due Monday, 11/12
THESIS STATEMENT must be approved by Mrs. Shirley by the end of class TOMORROW!
The life of a typical eighth grade student is challenging due to the need to succeed in extracurricular activities.
The first white water rafting trip can challenge a person both in body and spirit.
Although many people find rap music offensive, it has had a positive impact on today’s youth.
In this essay I will discuss the crime rate in Dayton, Ohio.
Although most people believe otherwise, bats are harmless and highly beneficial.
The climate in Beavercreek is ideal for outdoor sports almost all year round.
In your own words, write the definition of a THESIS STATEMENT. Do NOT worry about being incorrect! If you are not sure, write down what you THINK a thesis statement is!
Recycling is one of the most important jobs a person can do to protect our environment.
Abe Lincoln was an excellent speaker, the 16th President of the United States, a liberator of slaves, and united the North and South at the end of the American Civil War.
Music therapy is useful in relieving stress and other conditions.
What are parenthetical citations?
Parenthetical citation is when a writer directly puts into the text a note from where he or she got the information.
Parenthetical or “in-text” citation allows your reader to know from what source each idea/fact came
This information goes at the end of the sentence.
Example: The Sun Dance was one of the most important rituals among the plains tribes (Kracht 18).
Note: Although I did not directly quote the book, I did paraphrase the original author's information. As a result, I still need to cite the author.
Note: Here, I directly quote information from the text. To show which source I quoted, I use the in-text citation.
Remember you will also need to include a Works Cited in your paper!
A Works Cited is the name MLA gives to the bibliography.
It is the last page of your essay.
A Works Cited is a list of the sources you used to write your paper and that you have cited within your paper.
Ex: My World Mythology Paper.
You can use resources like EasyBib.com or Purdue OWL (internet) to help you with writing your Works Cited
When do I cite?
1.) Direct Quote--Whenever you quote a source word-for-word
Ex sentence: In the first sentence of his novel Anna Karenina, author Leo Tolstoy writes, "Happy families are all alike; every unhappy family is unhappy in its own way" (5).
2.) Facts that are NOT common knowledge (ex: statistics).
3.) Paraphrasing another author's words. You must still cite!
When in doubt...cite just in case. If you don't, you could be accused of plagiarism.
Use multiple sources in your paper. Weave the information you find together :)
Source: Ghosts of Alabama: The Persecution of Bobby Frank Cherry for the Bombing of the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church by Donald Q Cochran
Excerpt from page 14 of source:
Historians have pointed to the church bombing as the single event most responsible for shocking White America out of its apathy for the plight of African Americans and into action-action that the following year to passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
If you have a source with more than one author or you are unsure how to cite an internet source or any other type of source use the Purdue Owl website :)