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Copy of A Timeline of Special Education History
Transcript of Copy of A Timeline of Special Education History
The Grassroots Advocacy
The History of Special Education began after World War 2
- One of the first organizations was the American Association on Mental Deficiency. This organization held their first convention in 1947.
-During the early 1950's other organizations emerged including the United Cerebral Palsy Association, The Muscular Dystrophy Association and John F Kennedy's Panel on Mental Retardation. 1965- Congress Steps in and adds Title IV to the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965
-Important Facts About the Act
- President Lyndon B. Johnson felt that equal access to education was important to a child's ability to lead a productive and successful life.
- This Act was a big part of Johnson's "War on Poverty" and also offered support for students that were from poorer homes.
Congress Steps in.... - This Act created a Bureau of Education for the Handicapped( otherwise known as the Office of Special Education Programs)
- The creation of Bureau did NOT mandate education but it did highlight that change was about occur. Act of 1965 continued Supreme Court Cases That
Helped Shape the History of
Special Education in 1972
- PARC vs. Pennsylvania
- Mills vs. D.C. Board of Education - These court cases state that students with disabilities have an equal right to access education just as fairly as students without disabilities.
- Even though these court cases are not firm staples on mandating that students with disabilities be treated fairly, many students with disabilities begin to attend school. Course Cases
Students Slowly Begin to Become Accepted
- - - - Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 is enacted.
- This Act states that students with disabilities are protected regardless of their disability and are not to be discriminated against.
- Some educators were not aware that this law/ act applied to public schools. 1974: The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) is enacted - This Act allows parents to have access to all personally identifiable information collected, maintained, or used by a school district regarding their child. Color Comes into the Lives of Students With Disabilities! - The Education for All Handicapped Students is enacted. Today we know this Act as the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
- This Act mandated that all school districts educate students with disabilities. 1986 Handicapped Children's Protection Act
- This amendment states that students and parents have rights under the Education for All Handicapped Children Act and Section 504. 1990: The Americans With Disabilities Act - This Act adopts the Section 504 regulations.
- 504 Plan states that
* No one with a disability can be excluded from participating in federally funded programs or activities, this includes elementary, secondary or post secondary schooling. This also includes physical impairments, illness or injuries.
* Students must have the opportunity to perform at the same level as their peers. 1990: The Education For All Handicapped Childrens Act gets Revamped....
- This Act becomes the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act New Changes...
- This amendment calls for changes that include:
The addition of transition services for students with disabilities.
- Many School Districts are required to look at the outcomes and assisting students in transitioning from high school to postsecondary life. i 1997: IDEA Reauthorized - This amendment calls for students with disabilities to be included in on state and district wide assessments.
- Regular Education Teachers are now required to be a member of the IEP ( Individual Education Plan) team. 2001: No Child Left Behind
- This law states that all students, including students with disabilities have to be proficient in math and reading by the years 2014.
- As you may have guess there was many pros and cons to The No Child Left Behind Act. Pros and Cons of No Child Left Behind Act PROS
- - The No Child Left Behind emphasizes reading, writing and math.
- Measures educational status and growth by ethnicity and helps the students to grow.
Standards are set for teacher qualifications
-The parents are provided annually detailed reports of the students progress. CONS
- Teachers are forced to "teach to the test"
rather than teaching with a primary goal of learning.
-Teachers are pressured to teach a narrow set of test taking skills.
- Ignores many vital subjects including science, history and foreign language
- Tests are focused on a limited range of knowledge Cons of No Child Left Behind - More changes to the 1997 reauthorization that include
* More accountability at the state and local levels.
* More data is required
* School districts need to provide adequate instruction and intervenion for students to keep them out of special education. 2004: IDEA Reoauthorized - REFERENCES
- http://admin.fortschools.org/PupilServices/StaffInfo/A TIMELINE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION HISTORY