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Transcript of MAGIC ENGLISH
I´m alright- Jake Miller
Can,could and be able to.
Say and tell
Time period has NOT finished.
Time is NOT specific.
FOR and SINCE, when the actions have NOT finished yet.
Present Simple and Present Continuous
Something happening now
ADJETIVES OF EMOTIONS
HAVE:- A laught
-A bad/ a great time
TAKE:- A break
-An hour´s rest
SPEND: -You (free) time
-Your pocket money
WASTE: -Your time
´´The closer you look,
the less you watch´´
Timetabled and scheduled actions
Scientific facts and general truths
Habits and repeated actions
Plans for future
What is happening in a picture
WORK HARD, PLAY HARD
Present Perfect and Past Simple
Time period has finished.
Time is clear.
FOR and SINCE, when the actions have already finished.
come up with
go back to
We use can to:
•talk about possibility and ability
•make requests and orders.
•ask for or give permission
The main verb is always the infinitive (without "to"). We cannot say: I can to play tennis
We use could to:
•talk about past possibility or ability.
The main verb is always the infinitive (without "to"). We cannot say:I could to play tennis.
subject + be + able + infinitive
BE ABLE TO
- Ability:You can speak french.
- Requests and Orders: Can you be quiet!
- Permission: Can I go to the bathroom please?
subject + could + main verb
-Past Possibility or Ability: I could swim when I was 5 years old.
-Requests:Could you tell me where the bank is, please?.
We use ``able to´´ to:
•talk about ability
Be able to is possible in all tenses, and has an infinitive form.
•I was able to drive...when I was young.(past)
•I will be able to drive...at the age of 18.(future)
•I have been able to drive...since I got my driving licence.(present perfect)
*I would like
to be able to
subject + can + main verb
Series of completed
actions in the past
A specific action that happened while another anction was in progress
An action in progress at a specific time in the past
An action in progress interrupted by another action
A completed past action that took place bfore another past action
Say and Tell
Tell is always followed by a direct personal object; we tell someone something.
.I´m a film star.
she was a film star
Say is not followed by a direct personal object;we say something.
.I´m a film star.
.She said se was a film star.
said to me
that she was a film star
If we use a personal object with say, we must use
.(We say something to someone).
There are a few expressions where we can use tell without a personal object: tell a lie,tell the truth,tell a joke,tell a story, tell the time.
OBLIGATION : Must- Deber
Have to - Tener que
LACK OF OBLIGATION : Not have to - No tener que
needn´t - No necesitas
ought to / ought not to - Deberias / no deberias
PROHIBITION: Mustn´t - No debes
Can´t- No puedes
POSIBILITY: May/Might/could - Podria
CERTAINTY SOMETHING : IS TRUE -- Must
ISN´T TRUE --Can´t
IN THE PRESENT: Can (I can play the piano )
IN THE PAST: Could ( I could play the piano yesterday )
IN OTHER TENSES: Be able to (The kids have not been able to study much today)
-They are followed by the infinitive without to. Except - ought, have and need
-They don´t require the auxiliary "do" in the negative and interrogative form
-They take the same form in all persons. Except - have to
-They don´t have an infinitive , -ing or past participle form
POSIBILITY IN THE PAST
+ Past participle
CERTAINTY IN THE PAST
+ Past participle
CRITICISM OF PAST ACTIONS OR REGRET
Shouldn´t + Past
How do we use get?
ex: I need
money from the bank.
to carry something with you when you go somewhere
ex: Don`t forget
your phone with you.
can mean ``
to travel and arrive in a place
ex: It took me hours to
to work today.
to refer to
the mode of transport
, or to the
go to work
Get to know
to meet and find out about someone
got to know
Sarah when we went on the training course.
After you know him/her
Sarah for three months now.
Real , possible and likely present or future situations
IF/UNLESS+subject+PRESENT SIMPLE...+subject+FUTURE SIMPLE OR MODAL+INFINITIVE WITHOUT TO
A hypothetical situation in the present or future
IF+subject+PAST SIMPLE...+subject+WOULD OR COULD+INFINITIVE WITHOUT TO
A hypothetical situation in the past
IF+subject+PAST PERFECT+subject+WOULD HAVE OR COULD/MAY/MIGHT HAVE+PAST PARTICIPLE
CONDITIONAL CLAUSE+MAIN CLAUSE
EXAMPLE: If you had slept more, you would have come earlier
-TAKE AFTER: Be like an older relative
-GO AFTER: Pursue
-LOOK AFTER: Take care of
-BRING ABOUT: Cause
-GO ABOUT: Approach or tackle(a problem)
-PUT(IT)ABOUT:Spread (a rumour)
-RING BACK: Return someone´s phone call
-ANSWER BACK: Replyrudely or defiantly to someone in authority
-TURN BACK: Make someone return the way they have come
-CUT BACK: Reduce
-PUT BACK: Return something to it´s correct place
-FALL BACK: Retreat
-KEEP BACK: Not tell the whole truth
-GET BACK: Recover somethig that had been taken way
IN AND TO
- We read something
I read an article about windsurfing
- We take lessons
Spanish, or a course
Clara is taking an English course
Excel to improve her english.
-We are interested
: I´m interested
- We look forward
I look forward
hearing from you.
-We describe/ explain (something)
I`ll describe to you how
get to the station.
- We write/speak/listen
her mother, and told her she had failed the exam.
OBLIGATION: Must // Have to
LACK OF OBLIGATION: Don´t have to // Needn´t
ADVICE: Should // Ought to
PROHIBITION: Mustn´t // can´t
POSSIBILITY: Might // May // could
CERTAINTY (true): Must be
CERTAINTY (not true): Can be
1: They won´t win unless they score again.
2: If I had the energy, I could go for a run with you.
3: If we had left earlier, we would have been there by now.
Present perfect simple
Have + Past Participle
Present simple ´´be´´ + -ing
Wil + infinitive without to
example : I´ve bought a laptop.
ex: I am reading a novel.
- I think you´ll love Bilbao.
- I´ll answer the phome.
- I´ll give you a call later.
- The school term will start in September.
present simple >> past simple
present continuous >> past continuous
past simple >> past perfect simple
present perfect simple >> past perfect simple
future >> would
can >> could
may >> might
have to/must >> had to
- Action in the past that still continuous.
- Life experiences.
- actions in the past with relevance in the present.