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MAGIC ENGLISH

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Laura Fernández

on 21 May 2014

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Transcript of MAGIC ENGLISH

MAGIC ENGLISH
Vocabulary
I´m alright- Jake Miller
Present Simple
Present Continuous
Present Perfect
Past perfect
Past simple
Past continuous
vocabulary
Irregular verbs
Feelings
Can,could and be able to.
Say and tell

Present Perfect
Time period has NOT finished.
Recent news.
Time is NOT specific.
FOR and SINCE, when the actions have NOT finished yet.
WHAT ABOUT?
Present Simple and Present Continuous
Something happening now
PRESENT CONTINUOUS
PRESENT SIMPLE
Feelings

Aggressive
Anxious
Apologetic
Bashful
Blissful


Arrogant
Undecided
Suspiciuous
Surprised
Satisfied
Sad
Lovestruck
Lonely
Hurt
HAPPY
Jealous
Interested
FEELING GOOD
Michael Bublé
ADJETIVES OF EMOTIONS
HAVE:- A laught
-A bad/ a great time
-Fun
-An opportunity
TAKE:- A break
-An hour´s rest
-It easy
SPEND: -You (free) time
-Your morning
-Your pocket money
WASTE: -Your time
-A morning
-Your energy



´´The closer you look,
the less you watch´´

Hungover
Bored
Cold
Confident
Dissapointed
Exhasuted
Hysterical
IRREGULAR VERBS
Timetabled and scheduled actions
Scientific facts and general truths
Permanent situations
Habits and repeated actions
Narratives
Temporary situations
Plans for future
Annoying habits
Changing situations
What is happening in a picture
WORK HARD, PLAY HARD
Present Perfect and Past Simple
Past Simple
Time period has finished.
Older information.
Time is clear.
FOR and SINCE, when the actions have already finished.



VOCBULARY UNIT2
TOPIC VOCABULARY
Adventure
characteers
context
fantasy
legend
myth
plot
scene
science fiction
script
story
tale
VOCABULARY 1
Angry
comical
courageous
cowardly
resourceful
respectable
sentimental
spiteful
VOCABULARY 2

Check over
come to
come up with
work at
go back to
get across
turn over
write down
Can
We use can to:

•talk about possibility and ability
•make requests and orders.
•ask for or give permission

The main verb is always the infinitive (without "to"). We cannot say: I can to play tennis


Could
We use could to:

•talk about past possibility or ability.
•make requests.


The main verb is always the infinitive (without "to"). We cannot say:I could to play tennis.
Able to
subject + be + able + infinitive
CAN, COULD,
BE ABLE TO

EXAMPLES

- Ability:You can speak french.
- Requests and Orders: Can you be quiet!
- Permission: Can I go to the bathroom please?
subject + could + main verb
EXAMPLES
-Past Possibility or Ability: I could swim when I was 5 years old.
-Requests:Could you tell me where the bank is, please?.
We use ``able to´´ to:
•talk about ability
Be able to is possible in all tenses, and has an infinitive form.
EXAMPLES
•I was able to drive...when I was young.(past)
•I will be able to drive...at the age of 18.(future)
•I have been able to drive...since I got my driving licence.(present perfect)

*I would like
to be able to
speak Chinese.
subject + can + main verb
PAST CONTINUOUS

PAST SIMPLE
PAST PERFECT
Series of completed
actions in the past
A specific action that happened while another anction was in progress
An action in progress at a specific time in the past
An action in progress interrupted by another action
A completed past action that took place bfore another past action
Say and Tell
Tell
Tell is always followed by a direct personal object; we tell someone something.
-Example:
.I´m a film star.
.She
told me
she was a film star
.
Say
Say is not followed by a direct personal object;we say something.
-Example:
.I´m a film star.
.She said se was a film star.

..She
said to me
that she was a film star
If we use a personal object with say, we must use
to;
.(We say something to someone).

There are a few expressions where we can use tell without a personal object: tell a lie,tell the truth,tell a joke,tell a story, tell the time.
OBLIGATION : Must- Deber
Have to - Tener que
LACK OF OBLIGATION : Not have to - No tener que
needn´t - No necesitas
ADVICE: Should/shouldn´t
ought to / ought not to - Deberias / no deberias
PROHIBITION: Mustn´t - No debes
Can´t- No puedes
POSIBILITY: May/Might/could - Podria
CERTAINTY SOMETHING : IS TRUE -- Must
ISN´T TRUE --Can´t
ABILITY
IN THE PRESENT: Can (I can play the piano )
IN THE PAST: Could ( I could play the piano yesterday )
IN OTHER TENSES: Be able to (The kids have not been able to study much today)
MODAL PERFECTS
MODAL VERBS
RULES:
-They are followed by the infinitive without to. Except - ought, have and need
-They don´t require the auxiliary "do" in the negative and interrogative form
-They take the same form in all persons. Except - have to
-They don´t have an infinitive , -ing or past participle form

POSIBILITY IN THE PAST
May have

+ Past participle


Might have
CERTAINTY IN THE PAST
Must have

+ Past participle



Can´t have
CRITICISM OF PAST ACTIONS OR REGRET

Should
Shouldn´t + Past

parciciple
How do we use get?

Get
can mean``
to obtain
´´:
ex: I need
to get
money from the bank.

Take
means``
to carry something with you when you go somewhere
´´:
ex: Don`t forget
to take
your phone with you.

Get
can mean ``
to travel and arrive in a place
´´:
ex: It took me hours to
get
to work today.

We use
go
to refer to
the mode of transport
, or to the
destination
:
ex: I
go to work
by bus.

Get to know
means ``
to meet and find out about someone
´´:
ex: I
got to know
Sarah when we went on the training course.

-
After you know him/her
: I`
ve known
Sarah for three months now.


CONDITIONAL SENTENCES
*First conditional
*Second conditional
*Third conditional

FIRST CONDITIONAL

Real , possible and likely present or future situations


IF/UNLESS+subject+PRESENT SIMPLE...+subject+FUTURE SIMPLE OR MODAL+INFINITIVE WITHOUT TO
SECOND CONDITIONAL

A hypothetical situation in the present or future


IF+subject+PAST SIMPLE...+subject+WOULD OR COULD+INFINITIVE WITHOUT TO
THIRD CONDITIONAL
A hypothetical situation in the past

IF+subject+PAST PERFECT+subject+WOULD HAVE OR COULD/MAY/MIGHT HAVE+PAST PARTICIPLE
EXAMPLE
EXAMPLE
CONDITIONAL CLAUSE+MAIN CLAUSE
EXAMPLE: If you had slept more, you would have come earlier
PHRASAL VERBS
*After
*Back
*About
AFTER
-TAKE AFTER: Be like an older relative
-GO AFTER: Pursue
-LOOK AFTER: Take care of
ABOUT
-BRING ABOUT: Cause
-GO ABOUT: Approach or tackle(a problem)
-PUT(IT)ABOUT:Spread (a rumour)
BACK
-RING BACK: Return someone´s phone call
-ANSWER BACK: Replyrudely or defiantly to someone in authority
-TURN BACK: Make someone return the way they have come
-CUT BACK: Reduce
-PUT BACK: Return something to it´s correct place
-FALL BACK: Retreat
-KEEP BACK: Not tell the whole truth
-GET BACK: Recover somethig that had been taken way

*Pursue:continuar
IN AND TO
IN
- We read something
in
a newspaper.
ex
:
I read an article about windsurfing
in
the newspaper.
- We take lessons
in
Spanish, or a course
in
Arabic.
ex:
Clara is taking an English course
in
Excel to improve her english.
-We are interested
in
something.
ex
: I´m interested
in
Persiac history.
TO
- We look forward
to
something.
ex:
I look forward
to
hearing from you.
-We describe/ explain (something)
to
someone.
ex:
I`ll describe to you how
to
get to the station.
- We write/speak/listen
to
someone.
ex:
María spoke
to
her mother, and told her she had failed the exam.
Make

GRAMMAR REVIEW
MODAL VERBS
OBLIGATION: Must // Have to
LACK OF OBLIGATION: Don´t have to // Needn´t
ADVICE: Should // Ought to
PROHIBITION: Mustn´t // can´t
POSSIBILITY: Might // May // could
CERTAINTY (true): Must be
CERTAINTY (not true): Can be

1: They won´t win unless they score again.

2: If I had the energy, I could go for a run with you.

3: If we had left earlier, we would have been there by now.
Present perfect simple
Have + Past Participle
Present continuous
Present simple ´´be´´ + -ing
Future simple
Wil + infinitive without to

CONDITIONALS
example : I´ve bought a laptop.
ex: I am reading a novel.
ex:
- I think you´ll love Bilbao.
- I´ll answer the phome.
- I´ll give you a call later.
- The school term will start in September.
RELATIVE CLAUSES
PEOPLE: who
THINGS: which
POSSESSION: whose
TIME: when
PLACE: where

REPORTED SPEECH
present simple >> past simple
present continuous >> past continuous
past simple >> past perfect simple
present perfect simple >> past perfect simple
future >> would
can >> could
may >> might
have to/must >> had to
- Action in the past that still continuous.
- Life experiences.
- actions in the past with relevance in the present.
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