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The importance of 'La Movida' movement in the evolution of S

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Stephanie Bercich

on 25 October 2013

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Transcript of The importance of 'La Movida' movement in the evolution of S

The importance of 'La Movida' movement in the evolution of Spanish culture and democracy in the post-Franco era.
1977 Spain voted democratically for the first time in 40 years
Lasting impact of "La Movida"?
There are many differing opinions
"Movida Madrilena"
Stapel, H. (2009)
"The early to mid 1980s were years of elation, almost euphoria, for the citizens of Madrid. Simply put, things had changed. That change could be heard on the local airwaves, seen in exhibition halls, experience in neighbourhood bars, and felt, especially on the street. The city was alive with art, music and a new found sociability"
Influence of 'La Movida' on:
What this presentation is about
1. Life during the Franco Era
2. What defines the 'La Movida' Movement and life during it
3. The impact the movement had on Spanish society today

Life during the Franco Era
Spanish dictator who ruled 1939-1975
Historian Stanley Payne:
Franco put on "an attempt to revive traditionalism and religious fundamentalism...to a degree unprecedented by any other European regime"
Consequences and effects:
Imprisonment of ideological enemies
Implementation of labor in prisons
Suppression of Spanish culture
What this meant for the Spanish people
As a consequence, the Spanish culture was left restricted
Dramatic change that swept over Spain
The "party decade"
Style over substance, an explosion of pent-up yearnings for freedom during the transition freedom
New way of drinking, drugging, rocking, dressing, cross-dressing, creating, loving, living
Socialist Mayor of Madrid Enrique Tierno Galvan
Turned a blind eye in a deliberate attempt to promote an Espana and break the Francoist past
- Pedro Almodvar - "most famous Movida verteran"
"It is difficult to speak of La Movida and explain it to those who didn't live those years. We weren't a generation; we weren't an artistic movement; we weren't a group with a concrete ideology. We were simply a bunch of people that coincided in one of the most explosive movements in the country"
Ouka Leele - Artist/Photographer
What do you think this painting is saying about Spanish culture during the "La Movida Movement"?
"La Movida would not be moved without music"
- Punk and rock were the main influences
Mecano - Music band during the movement
- Nostalgia vehicle for the free-spirited days of La Movida
Nacho and José María Cano, joined by singer Ana Torroja
- Burst into the local scene with "Hoy No Me Puedo Levantar"
- 1987: "Cruz de Navajas" was voted Best Song of the Year in Spain.
•Francisco Umbral - Journalist & Writer
- Documented the movement for the intellectual classes
- Best known for his writings in the daily news paper: El Pais
"Fábula del Falo"
Evans. E (2007) "Given the book’s title, combined with Umbral’s public reputation as a womanizer... one might assume that Fábula del Falo is an ode to the phallus, a testament to its power and to its glories."
"In literature, genres overflow. Mystery, erotic and science fiction novels and comic books inundate news stands and book stores. Women writers who are considered "serious" move to erotic narrative, and young male and female writers dazzle with their first books and novels, halfway between the popular sub-genre and "great literature" - Perez-Sanchez, G. (2007)
Translated in English: Today I can not get up, the weekend left me fatal. entire night without sleeping, drinking, smoking and laughing nonstop . now I can not get up, nothing can make me go. do not know what I'll do. My legs hurt, my arms hurt, my eyes hurt, my hands hurt. now I can not concentrate, I have head that is going to burst...
o Julia Diaz “explosion of modern cultural expression...which came to be associated with nightlife in the cities”
o Peter Evans “for the first time in thirty-five years, questions of history, politics and government, religion, ethnicity, regionalism, family and sexuality could all be discussed openly and directly"
o Emma Dent Coad ‘"painting, sculpture, fashion, jewelery, film, music, theatre and dance blossomed overnight and were quickly hailed as the new hope of a new Spain”

Freedom became a way of life
- According to Stapell, H. M (2009), "practically no one sees it as having much lasting political or cultural significance on Madrid, or on the country as a whole. The spread of AIDS, increased drug use, and co-option by the mass media are the usual reasons cited for the movidas swift and permanent demise"
- Gallero, J.L (2006) believes only the “salir de copas” habit remains
- Allinson, A (2003) sees only the work of Pedro Almodovar as having any enduring cultural significance

On one side....
On the other...
Today, Spain
permits same-sex marriage and adoption
. Spanish LGBT culture has been exported internationally with film directors such as Pedro Almodóvar and events like the Europride celebrated in Madrid in 2007. Visibility of homosexuals has reached several layers of society that were previously unthinkable, such as the army, Guardia Civil, judges
Abortion laws liberalised in 2010
And most of all....
the role of women!
To an extent
Encapsulates Spain's transition to democracy through a nostalgic filter that yearns for a perceived lost innocence and vitality of that bygone era.
Further consequences
1. What do you believe was the most drastic change during the "La Movida"? If so, why do you think it was so important for Spanish society?
The desire to
"break out"
became overwhelming
“After Franco’s death, Spaniards were gripped by a mixture of uncertainty, great expectations and fear. Although an overwhelming majority hoped that a passage to modern democratic regimes might be managed peacefully, very few dared to predict the country’s political development” - Salvado, F. (DATE NEEDED)
...and not necessarily for the better
- From dictatorship to democracy = drastic change
“In the absence of the reclaimable past, the Movida’s inclusive, participatory, optimistic and democratic character offered a set of modern symbols located in the present, which reinforced the creation of a new civic identity in the capital.” - Stapell, H.M. (2009).

Do you agree with this opinion? What type of modern symbols do you see in Spain today that arose from the movement?
People from all walks of life still frequent the Plaza Dos de Mayo and the surrounding areas of bohemian and spunky bars. Many of the nightlife premises offer live music paying particular homage to the era.
Drug culture
According to the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCCDA), Spain has become the gateway for drugs to enter Europe
3. Do you think the emergence of Democracy in 1977 acted as a catalyst for the "La Movida" Movement?
The period from 3rd July 1976 to 15th June 1977 can be considered as the peak of the Transition with the dismantling of the political systems of the past, especially “Las Cortes”, and their replacement by two Chambers, the Congress and the Senate.
Petty theft and muggings
Have become a way of life for many tourists and citizens
"Significant feature was the relative youth of the leaders of the parties that triumphed: Adolfo Suarez and Felipe Gonzalez, as well as the king, belonged to a generation of Spaniards that represented a break with the past and were of an age which meant that they could have no direct link with the Civil War" - Gies, D. (1999)
"Those who are nostalgic for the
Franco days or for any other form ofauthoritarianism have represented, since 1977, a very small and insignificant minority."
The ‘La Movida’ movement encompassed a break from traditions, opening a realm of freedom and the restoration of democracy.
Highly important to the evolution of Spanish culture through film, art, literature, politics and leisure
Full transcript