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Solomon Islands Earthquake January 2010
Transcript of Solomon Islands Earthquake January 2010
EUC 8 On Sunday, January the 3rd, approximately at 10:36pm (22:36:28), an earthquake occurred in the Solomon Islands. The earthquake had a magnitude of 7.2. It struck around 90km from the small island called Gizo.
This earthquake was 25km under sea level.
This triggered landslides and a huge tsunami measured around 10 feet above sea level on the 4th of January.
The location was 105 km south east of Gizo, 210 km south west of Dadali, Santa Isabel and 295 km north west of Honiara, Guadalcanal.The location of the epicentre was at 8.800°S, 157.370°E. Around 1000 people were left homeless on the island of Rendova, while around 200 homes were destroyed due to the destruction of the earthquake and the tsunami.
The islands closest to the epicentre were the islands of Tetepara and Rendova.
Other than a few dismantles hills, there was no other recorded damages to the environment.
The reports by National Disaster Management office said that villages and houses have been damaged by landslides rather than tsunamis and earthquakes.
Residents in Honiara, about 360km away on the island of Guadalcanal, said they felt shakes but there was no damage.
Due to the fact that the people of the islands were warned before the earthquake, they were better prepared and there were no deaths recorded during this incident. The UNICEF (United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund) team helped and supported the victims in Rendova and Tetepara due to the aftershock of a tsunami after the 7.2 magnitude earthquake.
The Solomon Islands Government was preparing recovery plans and coordinating with international and national partners for possible aid during the recovery phase.
World Health organisation (WHO) were helping the Ministry of Health (MOH) with the launch of a surveillance system to check the health conditions of the affected victims. WHO and the MOH were also creating a campaign for disease prevention in the affected areas of the natural disaster.
The Taiwanese government also donated 300 thousand dollars to help victims of the Solomon Islands earthquake. Source: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/IOTD/view.php?id=42176 Emergency workers deliver supplies after an earthquake and tsunami hit Rendova, one of the Solomon Islands. Photograph: National Disaster Management Off/AFP/Getty Images Damaged houses from Monday's earthquake are seen at an unidentified village in the Western Province of the Solomon Islands. Two strong earthquakes damaged villages and triggered landslides in remote parts of the Solomon Islands on January 4th. (Xinhua/Reuters Photo) Bibliography: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/8438874.stm
http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2010/us2010rabw/ How it happened? The Solomon Islands sit on the boundary of the Pacific tectonic plate and the Australian tectonic plate. According to a preliminary report by the U.S. Geological Survey, the Solomon Island’s earthquake occurred because the Australia plate was sliding under the pacific plate approximately 9.5cm each year. As the two plates were converging, they became stuck and eventually the pressure exceeded the strength of the rocks, and caused the weaker parts of the crust to break.
The Solomon Islands are also sitting on the borderline of the "Ring Of Fire", where 90% of the world's earthquake and volcanic eruptions are. Mud left over from the earthquake and tsunami.