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Unit 5: Executive Branch

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Laura Case

on 18 March 2015

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Transcript of Unit 5: Executive Branch

"...The acceptance of, and continuance hitherto in, the office to which your suffrages have twice called me have been a uniform sacrifice of inclination to the opinion of duty and to a deference for what appeared to be your desire. I constantly hoped that it would have been much earlier in my power, consistently with motives which I was not at liberty to disregard, to return to that retirement from which I had been reluctantly drawn..."
- G. Washington
Warm Up
Complete the review part of your handout.
Unit 5:
The Executive Branch

US President
NC Governor
County Sheriff
City Mayor* / Police Chief
President Barack Obama
Vice President Joe Biden
Governor
Pat McCrory
Lieutenant Governor
Dan Forest
Sheriff Neil Elks
Mayor
Allen Thomas
Police Chief
Ted Sauls
**All of them ENFORCE the law**
"...No person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any Person be eligible to that Office who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty-five Years, and been fourteen Years a Resident within the United States."
Article II of the US Constitution
What are the qualifications for President?



What are the qualifications for Vice President?
"...Qualifications. No person shall be eligible for election to the office of Governor or Lieutenant Governor unless, at the time of his election, he shall have attained the age of 30 years and shall have been a citizen of the United States for five years and a resident of this State for two years immediately preceding his election. No person elected to the office of Governor or Lieutenant Governor shall be eligible for election to more than two consecutive terms of the same office..."
Article III of the NC Constitution
What are the qualifications for NC Governor?



What are the qualifications for NC Lieutenant Governor?
What would you expect the qualifications for President to be? What about the governor's qualifications?
What do you think should be included in the President's benefits?
Benefits of being President
$400,000 salary + expense account
White House
Staff (80+ people)
Camp David
Air Force One (jet)
Retirement benefits
Secret Service
Nuclear Football
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Secret_Service_codename#Presidents_of_the_United_States_and_their_families
Other Benefits...
http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/30932789/ns/politics-white_house/#.UHrzxLQTtO1
Secret Service Code names:
White House tour:
http://www.5min.com/Video/Freakonomics-Does-The-President-Really-Matter-517333204
How much does the President matter?
Washington's Farewell Address
With all that is at stake, why would someone want to be President?
I accepted that you voted for me twice as President...
...because I felt it was my duty & that you really wanted me to do it.
But believe me, I really wanted to return to my retirement.
Warm Up, Part I
Executive Branch
Legislative Branch
Judicial Branch
Draw checks and balances as it relates to the executive branch.
1. Who is the executive leader for the US? State?
2. How are their qualifications different? Do you think that it is appropriate for their qualifications to be different?
3. What are some examples of our civic duties?
4. Do you think the benefits of being President are worth the stress of being President? Does the President get too many benefits?


Warm Up
What does the President do?
Chief Executive
Head of State
Chief Diplomat
Economic Leader
Commander in Chief
Party Leader
Legislative Leader
Judicial Leader
Enforces the law
Manages the bureaucracy
Appoints officials
Symbol of the country
Exhibits patriotism
Continues traditions
Deals with other countries
Manages foreign policy
Proposes budget
Suggests ways to improve economy
Ends strikes
Leads the military
But, remember, Congress declares war*
Leads & represents the party
Endorses others in party
Proposes bills
Signs/vetoes bills
Gives the State of the Union Address
Appoints judges
Pardons, reprieves, commutes, & grants amnesty
Side note:
Under the War Powers Resolution...
President must notify Congress within 48 hours of committing troops to action
Congress has 60 days to approve action or troops will be withdrawn
What does the Governor do?
Chief Executive
Head of State
Chief Diplomat
Economic Leader
Commander in Chief
Party Leader
Legislative Leader
Judicial Leader
Enforces the law
Manages NC bureaucracy
Appoints NC officials
Symbol of NC
Exhibits patriotism
Continues traditions
Deals with other countries
Manages foreign policy
Proposes budget
Suggests ways to improve NC economy
Ends strikes
Leads the NC National Guard
Leads & represents the party
Endorses others in party
Proposes NC bills
Signs/vetoes NC bills
Appoints judges
Why not?
Judges are elected in NC
Why not?
Lets US work with other countries
Review
In which role, would the executive...
Exhibit patriotism?
Manage the selective service?
Lead US intervention in the Middle East?
Head of State
Commander in Chief
Chief Diplomat
Economic / Legislative Leader
Chief Diplomat
Economic Leader
Party Leader
Chief Executive
Head of State
Chief Diplomat
Head of State
Commander in Chief
Create a Help Wanted Ad for President.
Be sure to include:
Qualifications
Job description
Requirements
Benefits
Federalism
Remember that there are other levels of executives. What level of executive branch would handle the following situations?
Ending teacher strikes that are occurring nationwide
Declaring a state of emergency if Hurricane John is heading towards FL
Provide reinforcement if someone is evading arrest on HWY 13 in Pitt County
Handle a shooting at the Greenville mall
Warm Up
Qualifications
Roles
US President
NC Governor
There are 15 departments under the president. Each department is led by a secretary *except Dept of Justice.
Bureaucracy
system of non-elected officials that


work to implement rules and policies
*called Attorney General
http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/cabinet
Agencies
are embedded in the departments.

For example,
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA)
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
National Guard
Better Business Bureau (BBB)
Citizenship & Immigration Services (CIS)
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
Alcohol, Tobacco, & Firearms (ATF)
Internal Revenue Services (IRS)
Similar to federal bureaucracy, but agencies & departments assist the governor in enforcing the law.

for example,
State Bureau of Investigation (SBI) instead of FBI

The SBI & the FBI could work together to investigate crime.
http://www.fbi.gov/neworleans/press-releases/2012/federal-grand-jury-indicts-baton-rouge-man-in-connection-to-lsu-bomb-threat
Example,
NC Bureaucracy
Warm Up
Foreign Policy
a nation's plan for dealing with other nations
Goals
1
2
3
4
National Security
(keeping country safe from harm)
International Trade
(promotes economic prosperity)
Promoting World Peace
Promoting Democracy
How have foreign relations changed over time in the United States?
1
2
3
4
Treaties & Executive Agreements
Example: North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is a mutual defense treaty between the US, Canada, and nations of Europe
Appointing ambassadors
Foreign Aid
International Trade
How did these events impact foreign relations in the colonial period?
Tools
5
Military Force
formal agreement between govts of 2 or more countries
agreement between president and leader of another country
official representative of a country's government
$, food, military assistance, supplies
Example: Marshall Plan helped restore Western Europe after WWII
Trade Sanctions - efforts to punish another nation by imposing trade barriers

Embargo - agreement among a group of nations that prohibits trade with target nations

Tariffs - taxes on imported goods


Membership in trade groups (North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), World Trade Organization (WTO))
#3-4 often lead to "interventions"
1. What is the US bureaucracy?
2. Name & describe 4 departments in the US bureaucracy.
3. Name an example of federalism from the bureaucracy.
4. What do you think foreign policy is?
5. What do you think the number one of goal of foreign policy is?

As President, you would be expected to handle many types of conflicts. With your partner/small group, review each conflict and devise a method to handle it in a way you deem appropriate.
1. For each key term, tell which role of the president is demonstrated.
a. Pardon e. Campaign
b. Appointments f. Budget
c. Treaties g. Bill
d. Troops
2. How does the President check the legislative branch? How does the President check the judicial branch?
3. How does the legislative branch check the President? How does the judicial branch check the President?
4. What is the difference between amnesty & pardon?
5. What is the role of the Department of State? Homeland Security Treasury?
6. Describe 3 agencies.
7. What is the difference between embargo & trade sanction?
8. What is foreign policy? What are the goals & tools used to achieve those goals?
9. Who will replace the President if he cannot fulfill his duty? Which amendment explains this idea?
Warm Up
Warm Up
1. Name the 3 requirements for President.
2. Name the 3 requirements for Vice President.
3. What is the difference between amnesty and pardon?
4. Give an example of how the President might act as Head of State.
5. What is it called when one country gives food, medicine, or assisstance to other countries?
6. What is the #1 goal of foreign policy? The other 3?
7. Which amendments deal with the president?
8. How does the executive branch relate to Montesquieu's ideas?
ex. US embargo on Cuba
Are these qualifications enough?
Are these the baseline or should we
expect more of our governor?
*Is the minimum enough?
If so, what else should we require?
Are these qualifications enough?
Are these the baseline or should we expect more of our president?
*Is the minimum enough?
If so, what else should we require?
Just for fun...
Benefits of the Vice President
#1 Observatory Center
$230,700 salary
Retirement pension
Fun quotes:
http://www.deseretnews.com/article/700262339/Quotes-US-vice-presidency.html?pg=all
But he can pardon, reprieve, commute, & grant amnesty
*Side note:
Ambassadors work at US
embassies
1. How did Washington feel about being President?
2. Fill in the chart below:
Full transcript