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Synchronous vs. Asynchronous Technologies

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Roya Azimzadeh

on 22 April 2015

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Transcript of Synchronous vs. Asynchronous Technologies

Learning can take place at any time and any place
All course materials and related resources are accessible instantly
Learning is self-paced
Everyone will have the opportunity to participate regardless of thinking and typing speed
All online communications can be archived and used later if needed (useful for learners)
Advantages of Asynchronous Teaching and Learning
Meloni, J. (2010, January 11). Tools for Synchronous and asynchronous classroom discussion [Web log post]. Retrieved from http://chronicle.com/blogs/profhacker/tools-for- synchronousasynchronous-classroom-discussion/22902

Morrison, K. A. (2011). Using web conferencing to teach constructivist, discussion-rich seminars: Can it work? Quarterly Review Of Distance Education, 12(4), 269-274.

Simonson, M., Smaldino, S., Albright, M., & Zvacek, S. (2012). Teaching and learning at a distance: Foundations of distance education. (5th ed.). Pearson: Allyn & Bacon.

Skylar, A. (2009). A comparison of asynchronous online text- based lectures and synchronous interactive web conferencing lectures. Issues In Teacher Education, 18(2), 69-84.

University of Wisconsin (2011). Asynchronous vs. synchronous communication [web document]. Retrieved from http://academictech.doit.wisc.edu/ideas/otr/communication/asynchronous- synchronous
Effective online teaching and learning methods will include best practices of both synchronous and asynchronous techniques

Synchronous model is useful when immediate interaction and collaboration are needed (e.g. group activities, brainstorming, etc.)

Asynchronous model is useful when participants cannot meet at the same time and immediate response is not needed. This model also provides more flexibility of time and independent study.
Which Method is more Effective,
Synchronous or Asynchronous?
Learners should be well-disciplined and motivated to participate regularly in an online learning environment
Lack of immediate interaction (discussion contributors might need to wait to receive a reply)
Lack of socializing (some learners might feel isolated)
Disadvantages of Asynchronous
Teaching and Learning
In this approach, instructors provide course materials for students accessible online at any time and any place ( Simonson et. al., 2012; Skyler, 2009)
Teaching and Learning
Time zone (might cause scheduling conflict)
Instruction is not learner-paced
Can be inconvenient for some participants (e.g. learners who need more time to think about what they want to communicate)
Technical glitches might cause interruption in online meetings
Costs associated with software, hardware, and bandwidth required for synchronous connections can be more expensive than an actual face-to-face class
Disadvantages of Synchronous Teaching and Learning
Students’ involvement in real-time with class experience (Social learning theory)
Allows for immediate feedback (more interactive)
Useful for team activities that require instant response
Productive discussions (quick exchange of ideas)
Eliminates the sense of isolation that some online learners might experience
Advantages of Synchronous Teaching and Learning
In this approach, all participants can join an interactive environment in real-time at different places while communicating online and learning collaboratively (Morrison, 2011; Simonson, Smaldino, Albright, & Zvacek, 2012; Skyler, 2009)
Synchronous Teaching and Learning
Roya Azimzadeh
EL 7002
Northcentral University
Spring 2013

Synchronous vs. Asynchronous Technologies
Instant messaging
Webinar: all participants communicate with each other simultaneously (live and real-time interaction)
Online chat rooms (Blackboard, WebCT, etc.)
Video conferencing
Adobe Connect (virtual classrooms)
Electronic whiteboarding (collaborative learning)
Synchronous Communication Techniques Examples
Adopted from: http://chronicle.com/blogs/profhacker/tools-for-synchronousasynchronous-classroom-discussion/22902
Communication Techniques Examples
Electronic learning resources (presentations, tutorials, videos, web links, etc.)
Electronic mailing
Discussion boards and Google groups
Social networking sites (facebook, twitter, …)
Wikis, blogs, etc.
Blackboard, WebCT, Adobe Connect, Soft Chalk, etc.
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