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Battle Tactics of the Revolutionary War
Transcript of Battle Tactics of the Revolutionary War
By Mr. Rich
The colonists started using guerrilla type tactics following the battle of Lexington and Concord
Learned this tactic from the Native Americans during the French and Indian war
Soldiers would hide, shoot at British soldiers, and run.
The Patriots often used tactics unfamiliar to the British Military.
Colonists often launched surprise attacks on British troops
Usually in winter, at night or both
The most famous of these was George Washington's attack on Trenton
A large part of the military was made up of minutemen.
Were Young, enthusiastic, reliable, and strong.
Had no uniforms
A unique militia was employed
Troops stole supplies From the British
Military funding was low
More men died from cold and hunger than battle
An armed man pledged to be ready to fight on a minute's notice
The tactics used by the British were very conventional.
Troops lined up in formation and fired simultaneously at opposing troops
Used bayonets at close range
The most commonly used weapon was the Flintlock Musket, also known as the Brown Bess
Accurate only at 75 yards or less
Faster at reloading than the rifles the Colonists used
The British employed German troops known as Hessians
This caused the British to have an even larger advantage in the amount of soldiers
Tactics of major battles
Lexington and Concord
Attacked the British on their way to Concord using guerrilla style fighting
Hid behind trees, rocks, trees, etc.
Stood in columns of men
Fired at the British from behind fortifications
Rushed up the hill in formation to fire at colonists
Had superior numbers and more ammunition
Launched a surprise attack on the Hessians on Christmas night
George Washington had the advantage in ammunition and man power
The British did not expect a fight and the Hessians were caught off guard
Planned to cut off New England from the rest of the colonies
General Burgoyne led troops south from Canada, Howe would lead troops north from New York City
Attempted to stop British troops from advancing
Benedict Arnold's troops stopped St. Leger at Fort Stanwix
A local militia forced Burgoyne's troops to retreat to Saratoga
Surrounded British troops at Yorktown
American troops marched on land
French troops approached from sea
Expected the Americans to attack New York
Were forced to surrender
Be sure to have all boxes filled in, don't be that kid
British soldier wore bright red uniforms to instill fear into their opponent