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A2: Tourette Syndrome - Madison Stearns
Transcript of A2: Tourette Syndrome - Madison Stearns
Tourette Syndrome is a neurological disorder
where a person has both motor and vocal tics. What are other names are there
for this disorder?
There are no common names for the
disorder or for the people who have
Tourette Syndrome. What causes the disorder?
Well, no definite cause or cure has been
found. Scientists research show that it may
be from problems with how nerves communicate
with the brain. Also, it might be from a change
in the result of a change in the genes that's either
inherited or developed in the womb. What gene or chromosome is affected
by this disorder?
There is no gene or chromosome affected
by Tourette Syndrome because there is
no definite cause of where the disease
actually starts, or how it starts. Are there prenatal tests for
Not yet, scientists are doing further
research to conclude what has
started Tourette Syndrome. There
is therapy however. What are the symptoms?
There are many, many symptoms.
They come from two main groups, which
are motor and vocal tics. Motor tics are sudden, and uncontrollable and highly exaggerated movements. Vocal tics are frequent and repeated. Examples of what
motor tics and vocal tics are listed below:
Motor Tics: Vocal Tics:
Bulging of the eyes Barking
Dragging feet Throat clearing
Jumping Stuttering What population is affected? Can
anybody be a candidate for this disorder?
Yes, it affects any race, background, size,
etc. All of those things don't matter because
anybody could get Tourette Syndrome.
However, more boys than girls get Tourette
Syndrome. Scientists and doctors are gathering
more research on why. How is it inherited? (Is it sex-linked, recessive,
It is a genetic disorder, which means it's the result
of a change in genes that's either inherited (passed
down from parents to child,) or happens during
development in the womb. What kind of medical assistance will the
affected child need? Will further assistance
be needed, as the child grows older? What
is the long-term outlook for the child?
There are only some medicines to control tics and
stress for a short period of time. They can also see a
therapist due to embarrassment and bullying. Hopefully
by adulthood the tics will go away. They usually do go
away or occur occasionally once a young adult. Are there any treatments or cures?
No there are no treatments unfortunately,
due to no definite cause there is no medicine
to stop anything from Tourette Syndrome from
going away or developing. Could this disorder have been prevented?
Unfortunately no. Since scientists have only
hypothozied that it occurs because of problems
with nerve communications in the brain, no cures
or treatments would be useless, basically. Can this individual have children in the future?
Will those children be affected?
Yes, that individual could have children and one
of the reasons somebody has Tourette Syndrome
is because it can be passed down from generation to
generation (parent to child or in the development in
womb.) What is the current status of research on this
disorder? Is there a cure coming soon?
Once again, there is still no cure due to no definite
cause. The tics are most likely caused by the nerve
problems in the brain. Scientists are still working on
this and determined to find a cause, which will hopefully
lead to a cure soon. They are studying the nerves in
the brain of people who have Tourette Sydrome. Works Cited:
1) Abramovitz, Melissa. "Understaning Tourette Syndrome." Current Health. Mar. 2001. 19 Dec. <http.//science.bigchalk.com>
2) Targ Bill, Marlene. Tourette Syndrome. Minnesota: Twenty First Century Books, 2002
3) "Motor and Vocal Tics." Cedars-Sinai. n.d. <http://www.cedars-sinai.edu/>