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Gregor Niethammer

on 25 January 2010

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Transcript of English

Topic War 1914 1972 1940 1916 The Great War started in the year 1914
German invasion of Belgium, Luxembourg
and France
the British closed all the factorys to famish
the people
Ireland had a neutral position in this war,
they didn´t support the British
Irish fought along British soldiers, hoped to improve situation

uprising in Dublin on the 24th of April until 30th 1916
brutal fight, maily in the General Post Office (GPO)
Rebels proclaimed Ireland to be Independant from Britain (Proclamation of the Republic)
leaders executed, became martyrs
Patrick Pearse & James Connolly

1921 lasted from 1919 to 1921 initiated by the IRA
was some kind of guerilla-war against the
British government

Irish Civil-War Anglo-Irish War fight between Anglo-Irish treaty supporters and those opposed to it
Anglo-Irish Treaty 1960 2000 1968 The Troubles (1968-1998) 1923 1918 1949 South becomes Republic
(Independant from Britain) Irish Free State concluded the Irish War of Independence
was signed by representatives of the
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and
by representatives of the Irish Republic
established an autonomous dominion
Irish Free State followed
still ruled by Britain End of the Great War, Irish Situation has not improved, many Irish killed and wounded
Sinn Féin got more powerfull
on Janury 30th 1972 in Derry (Londonderry), Northern Ireland
twenty-seven Civil Rights protesters shot by British soldiers
most significant event during the „Troubles“
lead to many people joining the „Provisional IRA“ Civil Rights Movement
first started in United States
( Movement against racism towards African-Americans)
adopted in Ireland by the Roman-Catholic population in Northern Ireland
non-violent protests against discrimination
main goals:
-„one man, one vote“
-an end to discrimination in housing
-an end to discrimination in jobs 1998

also „Good Friday Agreement“
signed in Belfast on the 10th of April 1998
between Ireland and Britain to maintain peace
direct British rule in Northern Ireland came to and end

The Belfast Agreement Bloody Sunday Black and tans:
Consisted of World War I. vets
Employed by Royal Irish Constabulary from 1920-1921
Were supposed to suppress revolution in Ireland
They were notorious for their attacks on Irish civilians
About 7,000 Black and Tans served in Ireland from 1920-1922
The Irish War Of Independence → “Tan-War”
“Black and Tans” because of their uniform mixture IRA:
Paramilitary organisation in Ireland in the 20th and 21st century
Direct continiouation of the Irish Republican Army
Was proclaimed as the Irish Army in 1919
Are the military part of the Irish movement
Anglo-Irish War until 1921 against the British Army
Cause of the Anglo-Irish treaty Sinn Fein and IRA split
The Squad:
Was a group by the IRA founded by Michael Collins
Were supposed to assassinate British secret agents
Main target: the Cairo gang (1920) Sinn Fein:
Irish-republican party
Aim: unite the counties which are controlled by British with the Irish Republic
Is supposed to be the political part for the IRA
Founded on 28th November 1905
First appearance as a violent movement on the Easter Rising
Leading part of the Irish-Independance movement
Music Video, U2-Bloody Sunday 1922-1937
followed the Civil War, result of Anglo-Irish Treaty
Easter Rising 1970, first bombs used against British Soldiers,
first to die in 1971 "Human Bombs"-1990 Thank You for your attention Proviosinal IRA
Irish republican paramilitary organisation
aim: remove Northern Ireland from the United Kingdom and bring a united Ireland by force of arms and political persuasion
It emerged out of the December 1969 split of the Irish Republican Army due to differences over ideology and over how to respond to violence against the nationalist community
Full transcript