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Transcript of Epipelagic Zone
What living factors make up the epipelagic zone?
What Is The Epipelagic Zone?
The epipelagic zone or "sunlight zone" is the uppermost part of the ocean where photosynthesis occurs.
Two types of sources responsible for ocean circulation
Weather is affected by the absorption of the ocean and addition to the atmosphere.
How have humans harmed the epipalegic zone?
*Smaller in size (Bony fishes)
*Some use counter shading as well.
What will we explore?
Climate is controlled by the ocean and atmosphere working together.
What is the El Nino/La Nina?
How often does it occur?
How does this affect the ocean?
El Nino/La Nina
Physically they connect through heat, water and Momentum.
Chemically they connect through the process of greenhouse gas in the ocean.
Mean Sea Level
Movement of ocean tides and circulation patterns due to the effect of El Nino/ El Nina over the decades.
What changes the Sea level?
Rises 0.12 inches per year.
The North Atlantic Drift and Gulf Stream are best known for the western boundary current.
Flow is 1 billion cubic feet which is 300 times the normal flow of the Amazon.
These are larger mammals of the food chain.
*Scavenger and predators
What causes surface current?
Why is salinity in the ocean so important?
It affects the Physical, Chemical, and Biological processes.
The Dead Sea is so dense humans can't sink in it
The movement of ocean water as it changes between a solid, liquid, and gas.
Waves are dependent on three things:
(The Prefect Storm)
*What kind of relationship do whales have with barnacles??
*What kind of feeding are they know for?How are they able to locate their prey?
*In communities where coral reefs appear, smaller fish and invertebrates feed on the mucus that is produced.
*require sunlight in order to photosynthesize. (10% consumers as well)
*EX: Diatoms and dinoflagellate
*Factors such as salinty, temperature, water depth, and wind. (growth rate)
*Responsible for consuming phytoplankton
*Copepods are a members and are found everywhere throughout the ocean
Overfishing the ocean has showed a great increase in organism extinction.
The southern ocean is most
Where does your trash end up?
Where do balloons go when you let them go in the sky?
The deep water horizon oil Spill in the gulf and the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill in Alaska
Both were a problem to clean up and still have oil roaming the waters
Ecosystems were harmed killing many organisms
They had three methods: Burning, Mechanical cleanup and chemical dispersant.
Ice glacier melt off increases sea levels and it questions global warming.
The ice shelf is melting at a rate of 2.4 inches per day!!(livescience.com)
Glaciers will disappear by 2100
*Schools of anchovies
Even Bigger fish