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Transcript of India Presentation
Regular Training and Education
Accommodate needs of women at different stages in their life Social Context Gender exclusivity prevalent in India
Preference for sons
Minimal division of household work among family members
Delhi gang-rape case Context Companies have been unable to retain women in their workforce
Women participation in the workplace is key for continued growth in India IT- BPO: The Challenge
Women in the Workforce Kim Ho
Meron Tekle Sexual Harassment Main idea: Sexual harassment in the workplace results in loss of talent in the IT-BPO sector. As employees move up to management positions, there is a disparity in the ratio of men to women eligible for such positions. Employee Security Main idea: Safety concerns limit the IT-BPO sector’s ability to appeal to women. Obstacles in the Workplace Main Idea: Because of gender discrimination, “very few women make it to the top rungs of a firm.” Attracting and Retaining Women Obstacles in India Ignorance of men and women plays a role
Coming forward is not easy
Filing a complaint does not remediate situation
Employers work around law Conflicting Priorities India has lowest national female labor force and the worst leaking pipeline for junior to middle level positions
- Gender Diversity Benchmark (2011) Glass Ceiling Unequal Pay Women in India earn 62% of men’s salary for equal work as compared to 77% in the United States.
- Gender Diversity Benchmark (2011) Network & Support Women have to work harder to prove themselves
Men prefer to have women as subordinates as opposed to superiors
Women are excluded from informal network
26.2% of women compared to 9.0% of men cited a lack of role models as a barrier to advancement
-Catlyst.org Main Idea: “…it wasn't at all rare to hear of successful professionals who woke up at 4:30 a.m. to make breakfast and lunch for children and parents-in-law, put in a full day at work, then returned home to clean up after the extended family and prepare dinner.”
– Harvard Business Review In a survey of 21 women across 21 nations, Indian women are found to be most “stressed in the world”
87% of Indian women said they feel stressed most of the time
82% of Indian women stated they had no time to relax
Women ages 25-55 are the most stressed Main Idea: Firms in the IT-BPO sector must take action to attract, and retain top talent-with a focus on women. The Solution Success Stories Sabbaticals
Extended maternity leave with training upon return
Monitored efficient use of human capital upon return
Retention improved from 33% to 88% Retaining Women Post Maternity Leave Making Families Feel Comfortable and Included Family outreach
Nursery on campus
Transition Period given to women returning to work Implementing Safety Measures for Women Contract Drivers to take employees home after dark
Without a change in mindset and government, do these things truly work? Major Challenges Government Conclusion Despite lagging government actions and change in societal mindset, firms in the IT-BPO sector in India must take action to attract and retain female top talent for the industry to realize to its full growth potential The economic impact of inclusion of women has been validated by independent studies and suggests that companies with more than two female board members demonstrate a better return on equity compared to the industry average.
-Nasscom & Mercer Society views influences working environment
Unequal opportunities, pay, network and support
Family demands / conflicting priorities Question & Answer Growing number “aspirers”
Growth in sector(night shifts)
Publicity of safety concerns
Women refusing to work late [namaste] IT-BPO industry India offers competitive advantage relative to other countries
Key industry to contribute to India’s growth
1/3 of total workforce is women Legal Loopholes Contractor vs. employee
Coming forward vs. unsubstantiated claims
Crimes vs. punishments Cultural/Mindset Shift A Patriarchial Culture Asset vs. liability
Preference for male children
Women's culpability in harassment "To call the woman the weaker sex is a libel; it is man's injustice to woman. If by strength is meant moral power then woman is immeasurably man's superior. If non-violence is the law of our being, the future is with women."